Prior to 1989, the Comics Code Authority banned any mention of homosexuality under the umbrella of "sexual abnormality" in comics published in the United States. Since then, comic books have slowly gained LGBT representation, usually with occasional side characters. Queer comic book characters were pretty much always in the periphery until the 2000s, never acting as a major protagonist and certainly not featured in a major title.
In contemporary comics, there is much more representation. While not perfect, there are tons of comic series with progressive, gay characters waiting to be discovered by the masses. The time of delineation between gay comics or queer comics and more "traditional" fare is coming to an end. If you need proof, just check out these amazing comic book characters!
Batwoman was one of the first, and remains to be among the few, queer comic book characters that headlines her own title published by DC. Kate Kane, dishonorably discharged from the military while Don't Ask, Don't Tell was still in effect, finds herself inspired by Batman to take up the vigilante mantle herself after an encounter with some unsavory people. Greg Rucka's Elegy is a gorgeous origin story for her character and definitely a title worth checking out.
Mystique is an interesting being to say the least. She's a mutant with the ability to look like anyone she could possibly imagine, and yet she chooses to identify as a biological female who is attracted to both men and women. This is an entirely unique character trait that hasn't been explored in other titles.
Having the ability to literally conform your body to whatever you desire is overwhelming enough. But once you add on the social pressures of conforming to the "sexual norm," and deciding to actively go the other way? Mystique's strength is off the charts at that point.
After decades of speculation, Greg Rucka finally confirmed in an interview with Comicosity that Wonder Woman, Diana Prince, is what most would identify as bisexual. Diana's potential bisexuality has been a subject for speculation for as long as queer people have read comics, dating back to the 1940s with William Moulton Marston's first iterations of the character.
Rucka's take (and Grant Morrison's in Earth One for that matter) on Diana and the rest of the Amazons is logical. A paradise island society inhabited by women for thousands of years, in essence, is fueled by same-sex relationships. And not because of perceived necessity which is often represented in media, where women are forced into mono-gender living situations like prisons, but because of the genuine love and affection that developed between the characters.
Billy Kaplan, AKA Wiccan, is the son of Scarlet Witch and Vision who almost didn't exist. Way back in Avengers: West Coast #52, it's revealed that Wanda Maximoff was so desperate to have children, she unknowingly warped reality. She created her twin sons with two fragments of a shattered demon's soul, causing them to vanish when the demon reassembled itself.
Billy was adopted by the Kaplans, and was a victim of bullying in his youth because of his orientation. This led to a confrontation with another student, revealing his mutant powers. He becomes a member of the Young Avengers where he meets Teddy Altman, AKA Hulkling, AKA the love of his young life.