Culture

The Best Russian Authors 

Ranker Books
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Updated December 4, 2019 6k votes 966 voters 15k views 128 items

List Rules Vote up the greatest Russian writers of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and plays

List of the best Russian authors of both nonfiction and fiction literature, along with some authors of poetry. Russian authors have contributed to almost all genres of literature, including children's literature, mysteries and science fiction. Famous authors like Vladimir Nabokov have given us classics such as Lolita and Leo Tolstoy with Anna Karenina.

Although Russia has gone through political turmoils and two world wars, the writers of the time were still able to produce classic novels that help with social conditions and soul-searching. This will pose the question of who was able to do these things and "who are some of the best Russian authors?"

The list can be voted on for who is the best Russian author as well as suggestions to be added to the list for those obscure, but still the best, authors.
list ordered by
1
Fyodor Dostoyevsky is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov, The Idiot

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Nationality: Russian Empire

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (; Russian: Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский, tr. Fyódor Mikháylovich Dostoyévskiy, IPA: [ˈfʲɵdər mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ dəstɐˈjɛfskʲɪj] (listen); 11 ...more
2
Leo Tolstoy is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Best Russian Authors
War and Peace, Anna Karenina, The Death of Ivan Ilych

Birthplace: Yasnaya Polyana, Russia

Nationality: Russian Empire

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (; Russian: Лев Николаевич Толстой, tr. Lev Nikoláyevich Tolstóy; [lʲef nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ tɐlˈstoj] (listen); 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 ...more
3
Aleksandr Pushkin is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Eugene Onegin

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Nationality: Russian Empire

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (English: ; Russian: Александр Сергеевич Пушкин, tr. Aleksándr Sergéyevich Púshkin, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr sʲɪrˈɡʲe(j)ɪvʲɪtɕ ˈpuʂkʲɪn] (listen); 6 ...more
4
Nikolai Gogol is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Best Russian Authors
The Nose, The Overcoat, Diary of a Madman

Birthplace: Velyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine

Nationality: Russian Empire

Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (31 March 1809 – 4 March 1852) was a Russian dramatist of Ukrainian origin.Although Gogol was considered by his contemporaries to be one of the preeminent figures of ...more
5
Mikhail Bulgakov is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list The Best Russian Authors
The Master and Margarita

Birthplace: Kiev, Ukraine

Nationality: Russia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

Mikhail Afanasyevich Bulgakov (Russian: Михаи́л Афана́сьевич Булга́ков, IPA: [mʲɪxɐˈil ɐfɐˈnasʲjɪvʲɪtɕ bʊlˈɡakəf]; 15 May [O.S. 3 May] 1891 – 10 March 1940) was a Russian writer, medical doctor ...more
6
Anton Chekhov is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list The Best Russian Authors
KC Decker added Three Sisters, Uncle Vanya, The Lady with the Dog

Birthplace: Taganrog, Russia

Nationality: Russia

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Антон Павлович Чехов, tr. Antón Pávlovič Čéhov, IPA: [ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf]; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright ...more
7
Ivan Turgenev is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Fathers and Sons, The Diary of a Superfluous Man

Birthplace: Oryol, Russia

Nationality: Russian Empire

Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (English: ; Russian: Иван Сергеевич Тургенев, tr. Iván Sergéyevich Turgénev, IPA: [ɪˈvan sʲɪrˈɡʲeɪvʲɪtɕ tʊrˈɡʲenʲɪf]; November 9 [O.S. October 28] ...more
8
Mikhail Lermontov is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list The Best Russian Authors
A Hero of Our Time

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Nationality: Russian Empire

Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (; Russian: Михаи́л Ю́рьевич Ле́рмонтов, IPA: [mʲɪxɐˈil ˈjurʲjɪvʲɪtɕ ˈlʲɛrməntəf]; October 15 [O.S. October 3] 1814 – July 27 [O.S. July 15] 1841) was a Russian ...more
9
Vladimir Vladimirovich N... is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Lolita, Pale Fire, Speak Memory

Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia

Nationality: United States of America, Russian Empire

Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (; Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков [vɫɐˈdʲimʲɪr nɐˈbokəf] (listen), also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin (Russian: Влади́мир Си́рин); 22 April [O.S. ...more
10
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn ... is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list The Best Russian Authors
KC Decker added The Gulag Archipelago, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

Birthplace: Kislovodsk, Russia

Nationality: Russia, Soviet Union

Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (; 11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer. He was an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and communism and ...more
11
Strugatsky Brothers is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Monday Begins on Saturday, Hard to be God, Roadside Picnic

Nationality: Russian

The brothers Arkady Natanovich Strugatsky (Russian: Аркадий Натанович Стругацкий; 28 August 1925 – 12 October 1991) and Boris Natanovich Strugatsky (Russian: Борис Натанович Стругацкий; 14 April ...more
12
Ilf and Petrov is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added The Twelve Chairs , The Little Golden Calf, The Twelve Chairs

Nationality: Soviet Union

Ilya Ilf (Ilya Arnoldovich Feinsilberg) (Russian: Илья Арнольдович Файнзильберг, 1897–1937) and Evgeny or Yevgeni Petrov (Yevgeniy Petrovich Kataev/Katayev or Russian: Евгений Петрович Катаев, ...more
13
Vladimir Mayakovsky is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list The Best Russian Authors
A Cloud in Trousers, Mystery-Bouffe

Birthplace: Baghdati, Georgia

Nationality: Russia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (; Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский; 19 July [O.S. 7 July] 1893 – 14 April 1930) was a Soviet poet, playwright, artist, and actor. During his early, ...more
14
Alexander Blok is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list The Best Russian Authors
kotbayun added The Twelve, Pisʹma, Tsṿelf

Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia

Nationality: Russia

Alexander Alexandrovich Blok (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Бло́к, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɐlʲɪˈksandrəvʲɪtɕ ˈblok] (listen); 28 November [O.S. 16 November] 1880 – 7 August 1921) was a Russian ...more
15
Kir Bulychov is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Alisa Selezneva, Great Guslar, Guest from the Future

Birthplace: Moscow, Eurasia, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russia, Soviet Union

Nationality: Russia

Kir Bulychev (Russian: Кир Булычёв; 18 October 1934 – 5 September 2003) was a pen name of Igor Vsevolodovich Mozheiko (И́горь Все́володович Може́йко), a Soviet Russian science fiction writer and ...more
16
Fyodor Tyutchev is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Silentium!, Last Love

Birthplace: Bryansk, Russia

Nationality: Russia

Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev (Russian: Фёдор Иванович Тютчев, Pre-Reform orthography: Ѳедоръ Ивановичъ Тютчевъ; December 5 [O.S. November 23] 1803 – July 27 [O.S. July 15] 1873) was a Russian poet ...more
17
Nikolai Leskov is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Siberian Lady Macbeth, The cathedral folk, The Tale of Cross-eyed Lefty from Tula and the Steel Flea

Birthplace: Oryol, Russia

Nikolai Semyonovich Leskov (Russian: Никола́й Семёнович Леско́в; 16 February [O.S. 4 February] 1831 – 5 March [O.S. 21 February] 1895) was a Russian novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and ...more
18
Ivan Goncharov is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list The Best Russian Authors
sudeeshab added Oblomov, The Precipice, Neizdannai͡a︡ perepiska K.R

Birthplace: Eurasia, Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia, Ulyanovsk

Nationality: Russia

Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov (, also US: ; Russian: Ива́н Алекса́ндрович Гончаро́в, tr. Iván Aleksándrovich Goncharóv, IPA: [ɪˈvan ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪdʑ ɡənʲtɕɪˈrof]; 18 June ...more
19
Osip Mandelstam is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Topůrko pro kata, Voyage en Arménie, Moscow & Voronezh notebooks

Birthplace: Warsaw, Europe, Poland, Masovian Voivodeship, Central Europe, + more

Nationality: Russia

Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam (Russian: О́сип Эми́льевич Мандельшта́м, IPA: [ˈosʲɪp ɪˈmʲilʲjɪvʲɪtɕ məndʲɪlʲˈʂtam]; 14 January [O.S. 2 January] 1891 – 27 December 1938) was a Russian Jewish poet and ...more
20
Aleksey Konstantinovich ... is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list The Best Russian Authors
ElijahKaganer added Prince Serebrenni, History of the Russian State from Gostomysl to Timashev, Vampires: Stories of the Supernatural

Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia

Nationality: Russia

Count Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, often referred to as A. K. Tolstoy (Russian: Алексе́й Константи́нович Толсто́й) (September 5 [O.S. August 24] 1817 – October 10 [O.S. September 28] 1875), ...more
21
Afanasy Fet is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Poezii fără titlu

Birthplace: Mtsensk, Russia

Afanasy Afanasyevich Fet (Russian: Афана́сий Афана́сьевич Фет, IPA: [ɐfɐˈnasʲɪj ɐfɐˈnasʲjɪvʲɪtɕ ˈfʲɛt] (listen)), later known as Shenshin (Russian: Шенши́н, IPA: [ʂɨnˈʂɨn] (listen); 5 December ...more
22
Alexander Ostrovsky is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added The Storm, Enough Stupidity in Every Wise Man, The Forest

Birthplace: Moscow, Eurasia, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russia, Soviet Union

Nationality: Russia

Alexander Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Остро́вский; 12 April [O.S. 31 March] 1823, Moscow, Russian Empire – 14 June [O.S. 2 June] 1886, Shchelykovo, Kostroma ...more
23
Maxim Gorky is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Twenty-Six Men and a Girl, The Mother, The Song of the Stormy Petrel

Birthplace: Eurasia, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Nizhny Novgorod

Nationality: Russia, Soviet Union

Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Russian: Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; 28 March [O.S. 16 March] 1868 – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim Gorky (Russian: Макси́м Го́рький), was a ...more
24
Sergei Yesenin is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Land of Scoundrels

Birthplace: Konstantinovo, Russia

Nationality: Russia

Sergei Alexandrovich Yesenin (; sometimes spelled as Esenin; Russian: Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Есе́нин, IPA: [sʲɪrˈgʲej ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ jɪˈsʲenʲɪn]; 3 October [O.S. 21 September] 1895 – 28 ...more
25
Boris Pasternak is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list The Best Russian Authors
Alex Gaginsky added Doctor Zhivago, The Second Birth, Life

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Nationality: Russian Empire, Soviet Union

Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (; Russian: Бори́с Леони́дович Пастерна́к, IPA: [bɐˈrʲis lʲɪɐˈnʲidəvʲɪtɕ pəstɨrˈnak]; 10 February [O.S. 29 January] 1890 – 30 May 1960) was a Russian poet, novelist, ...more