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The Best Russian Authors

Updated December 4, 2019 6.9k votes 1.0k voters 16.2k views127 items

List RulesVote up the greatest Russian writers of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and plays

List of the best Russian authors of both nonfiction and fiction literature, along with some authors of poetry. Russian authors have contributed to almost all genres of literature, including children's literature, mysteries and science fiction. Famous authors like Vladimir Nabokov have given us classics such as Lolita and Leo Tolstoy with Anna Karenina.

Although Russia has gone through political turmoils and two world wars, the writers of the time were still able to produce classic novels that help with social conditions and soul-searching. This will pose the question of who was able to do these things and "who are some of the best Russian authors?"

The list can be voted on for who is the best Russian author as well as suggestions to be added to the list for those obscure, but still the best, authors.
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  • 1
    Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    518
    141

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (; Russian: Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский, tr. Fyódor... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 2
    Leo Tolstoy
    389
    96

    Leo Tolstoy

    War and Peace, Anna Karenina

    BirthplaceYasnaya Polyana, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (; Russian: Лев Николаевич Толстой, tr. Lev Nikoláyevich... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 3
    Aleksandr Pushkin
    315
    86

    Aleksandr Pushkin

    Eugene Onegin

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (English: ; Russian: Александр Сергеевич Пушкин, tr. Aleksándr... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 4
    Anton Chekhov
    241
    41

    Anton Chekhov

    Three Sisters, Uncle Vanya

    BirthplaceTaganrog, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Антон Павлович Чехов, tr. Antón Pávlovič Čéhov, IPA: [ɐnˈton... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 5
    Nikolai Gogol
    279
    74

    Nikolai Gogol

    The Nose, The Overcoat

    BirthplaceVelyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine

    NationalityRussian Empire

    Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (31 March 1809 – 4 March 1852) was a Russian dramatist of Ukrainian... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 6
    Mikhail Bulgakov
    184
    52

    Mikhail Bulgakov

    The Master and Margarita

    BirthplaceKiev, Ukraine

    NationalityRussia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

    Mikhail Afanasyevich Bulgakov (Russian: Михаи́л Афана́сьевич Булга́ков, IPA: [mʲɪxɐˈil... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 7
    Ivan Turgenev
    125
    53

    Ivan Turgenev

    Fathers and Sons, The Diary of a Superfluous Man

    BirthplaceOryol, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (English: ; Russian: Иван Сергеевич Тургенев, tr. Iván Sergéyevich... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 8
    Mikhail Lermontov
    129
    45

    Mikhail Lermontov

    A Hero of Our Time

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (; Russian: Михаи́л Ю́рьевич Ле́рмонтов, IPA: [mʲɪxɐˈil... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 9
    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
    140
    95

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    The Gulag Archipelago, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    BirthplaceKislovodsk, Russia

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (; 11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist,... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 10
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov
    138
    91

    BirthplaceSaint Petersburg, Russia

    NationalityUnited States of America, Russian Empire

    Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (; Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков [vɫɐˈdʲimʲɪr... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 11
    Vladimir Mayakovsky
    112
    43

    Vladimir Mayakovsky

    A Cloud in Trousers, Mystery-Bouffe

    BirthplaceBaghdati, Georgia

    NationalityRussia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

    Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (; Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский; 19 July... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 12
    Alexander Blok
    54
    13

    Alexander Blok

    The Twelve, Pisʹma

    BirthplaceSaint Petersburg, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    Alexander Alexandrovich Blok (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Бло́к, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 13
    Ilf and Petrov
    65
    30

    Ilf and Petrov

    The Twelve Chairs , The Little Golden Calf

    NationalitySoviet Union

    Ilya Ilf (Ilya Arnoldovich Feinsilberg) (Russian: Илья Арнольдович Файнзильберг, 1897–1937) ... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 14
    Strugatsky Brothers
    76
    41

    Strugatsky Brothers

    Monday Begins on Saturday, Hard to be God

    NationalityRussian

    The brothers Arkady Natanovich Strugatsky (Russian: Аркадий Натанович Стругацкий; 28 August... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 15
    Victor Pelevin
    58
    28

    Victor Pelevin

    Omon Ra, The Sacred Book of the Werewolf

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    Victor Olegovich Pelevin (Russian: Ви́ктор Оле́гович Пеле́вин, IPA: [ˈvʲiktər ɐˈlʲɛɡəvʲɪtɕ... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 16
    Nikolai Leskov
    24
    6

    Nikolai Leskov

    Siberian Lady Macbeth, The cathedral folk

    BirthplaceOryol, Russia

    Nikolai Semyonovich Leskov (Russian: Никола́й Семёнович Леско́в; 16 February [O.S. 4 February]... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 17
    Fyodor Tyutchev
    26
    8

    Fyodor Tyutchev

    Silentium!, Last Love

    BirthplaceBryansk, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev (Russian: Фёдор Иванович Тютчев, Pre-Reform orthography: Ѳедоръ... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 18
    Kir Bulychov
    37
    22

    Kir Bulychov

    Alisa Selezneva, Great Guslar

    BirthplaceMoscow, Eurasia, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russia, Soviet Union

    NationalityRussia

    Kir Bulychev (Russian: Кир Булычёв; 18 October 1934 – 5 September 2003) was a pen name of Igor... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 19
    Alexander Ostrovsky
    19
    5

    Alexander Ostrovsky

    The Storm, Enough Stupidity in Every Wise Man

    BirthplaceMoscow, Eurasia, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russia, Soviet Union

    NationalityRussia

    Alexander Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Остро́вский; 12 April [O.S.... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 20
    Osip Mandelstam
    24
    9

    Osip Mandelstam

    Topůrko pro kata, Voyage en Arménie

    BirthplaceWarsaw, Europe, Poland, Masovian Voivodeship, Central Europe

    NationalityRussia

    Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam (Russian: О́сип Эми́льевич Мандельшта́м, IPA: [ˈosʲɪp... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 21
    Ivan Goncharov
    42
    32

    Ivan Goncharov

    Oblomov, The Precipice

    BirthplaceEurasia, Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia, Ulyanovsk

    NationalityRussia

    Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov (, also US: ; Russian: Ива́н Алекса́ндрович Гончаро́в, tr. Iván... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 22
    Afanasy Fet
    18
    5

    Afanasy Fet

    Poezii fără titlu

    BirthplaceMtsensk, Russia

    Afanasy Afanasyevich Fet (Russian: Афана́сий Афана́сьевич Фет, IPA: [ɐfɐˈnasʲɪj... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 23
    Sergei Yesenin
    99
    37

    Sergei Yesenin

    Land of Scoundrels

    BirthplaceKonstantinovo, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    Sergei Alexandrovich Yesenin (; sometimes spelled as Esenin; Russian: Серге́й Алекса́ндрович... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 24
    Maxim Gorky
    106
    46

    Maxim Gorky

    Twenty-Six Men and a Girl, The Mother

    BirthplaceEurasia, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Nizhny Novgorod

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Russian: Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; 28 March [O.S. 16... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button
  • 25
    Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy
    34
    27

    Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

    Prince Serebrenni, History of the Russian State from Gostomysl to Timashev

    BirthplaceSaint Petersburg, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    Count Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, often referred to as A. K. Tolstoy (Russian: Алексе́й... more on WikipediaAmazon buy button