Fiction The Best Short Story Writers of All Time  

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List Rules Vote based on only each writer's short fiction, no other work

List of the best short story writers of all time. From Voltaire to George Saunders, a complete list of the greatest short story authors who have written works in English or whose works have been translated into English. Usually, short fiction features a small cast of characters and is focused on one incident or anecdote and one overall mood, such as romance, humor, or sadness. Complex stories with sweeping timelines and superfluous characters are not often written in the short story medium, because there is simply not enough time to develop more than one or two cohesive thoughts. The best short story writers think that writing short-fiction is a completely separate art form than writing a novel, but some would argue that writing short stories is great practice for writing a full length work of fiction. 

Because of the constraints of page length, great short story writers have to use language that is descriptive and quickly sets the scene or develops their characters. Hemingway is notoriously good at short, pithy stories. One of his most famous is the world's shortest short story: “For Sale, Baby Shoes, Never Worn.” Very short stories are also known as flash-fiction.

Like Hemingway, the best short story authors can paint a picture with their words in a short amount of time. If you like books but don't have time to read novels, reading short stories could be a great option for you. Many of the best novelists of all time  have also written good short stories. Often, this type of fiction is sold in short story collections or anthologies. Use this list to discover new authors of short-fiction and vote on your favorites.

1
1,165 392
Edgar Allan Poe is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Edgar Allan Poe Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America - The Tell-Tale Heart, The Cask of Amontillado, The Pit and the Pendulum, The Black Cat

2
762 279
Franz Kafka is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Franz Kafka Prague, Czech Republic - The Metamorphosis, In the Penal Colony, Description of a Struggle, The Village Schoolmaster

3
1,058 215
Anton Chekhov is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Anton Chekhov Taganrog, Russia - The Lady with the Dog, The Bet, The Darling, Vanka, The Death of a Clerk, The Duel, A Boring Story

4
524 223
O. Henry is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
O. Henry Greensboro, North Carolina, United States of America - The Gift of the Magi, The Ransom of Red Chief, After Twenty Years, A Retrieved Reformation

5
481 188
Oscar Wilde is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
AnastasiaSmith added Oscar Wilde Dublin, Republic of Ireland - The Nightingale and the Rose, The Happy Prince, A House of Pomegranates

6
590 196
Mark Twain is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
mrblond added Mark Twain Monroe County, Florida, United States of America - The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, The War Prayer, The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg, Eve's Diary

7
809 244
Ernest Hemingway is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Ernest Hemingway Oak Park, Illinois, United States of America - The Snows of Kilimanjaro, The Capital of the World, Indian Camp, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber

8
586 207
Flannery O'Connor is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Flannery O'Connor Savannah, Georgia, United States of America - A Good Man Is Hard to Find, Everything That Rises Must Converge, The Geranium, The River

9
646 151
Jorge Luis Borges is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Jorge Luis Borges Buenos Aires, Argentina - The Library of Babel, The Other, The Circular Ruins, The Garden of Forking Paths

10
463 157
Arthur Conan Doyle is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Arthur Conan Doyle Edinburgh, United Kingdom - The Adventure of the Speckled Band, A Scandal in Bohemia, The Final Problem, The Man with the Twisted Lip

11
424 136
William Faulkner is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
carlybobarly added William Faulkner New Albany, Mississippi, United States of America - A Rose for Emily, Barn Burning, Dry September, That Evening Sun, Red Leaves

12
319 155
Rudyard Kipling is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Rudyard Kipling Mumbai, India - Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, The Man Who Would Be King, Lispeth, Mowgli's Brothers

13
460 134
Guy de Maupassant is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Guy de Maupassant Tourville-sur-Arques, France - Boule de Suif, Deux Amis, Mother Savage, Mademoiselle Fifi

14
234 138
Herman Melville is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Herman Melville Manhattan, New York City, New York - Bartleby, the Scrivener, The Lighning-Rod Man, Encantadas

Famous People Who Never Married

15
380 121
James Joyce is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
looksharp added James Joyce Rathgar, Republic of Ireland - The Dead, Araby, The Sisters, Eveline, The Boarding House, An Encounter

16
370 120
Leo Tolstoy is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Leo Tolstoy Yasnaya Polyana, Russia - The Three Questions, What Men Live By, Ivan the Fool, Father Sergius

17
448 126
Ray Bradbury is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Ray Bradbury Waukegan, Illinois, United States of America - All Summer in a Day, There Will Come Soft Rains, The Pedestrian, The Last Night of the World

18
298 141
H. P. Lovecraft is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
hasrvwill added H. P. Lovecraft Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America - At the Mountains of Madness, The Shadow Over Innsmouth, The Dunwich Horror, History of the Necronomicon

19
231 83
Nikolai Gogol is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
ElijahKaganer added Nikolai Gogol Velyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine - The Overcoat, The Nose, Diary of a Madman, The Portrait

20
417 131
Raymond Carver is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Raymond Carver Clatskanie, Oregon, United States of America - Where I'm Calling From, Cathedral, Neighbors, So Much Water Close to Home

21
334 123
Roald Dahl is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Roald Dahl Llandaff, Cardiff, United Kingdom - The Landlady, Skin, Man from the South 

The Best Roald Dahl Books

22
347 164
J. D. Salinger is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
J. D. Salinger New York City, New York, United States of America - A Perfect Day for Bananafish, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenter, For ‎Esmé—with Love and Squalor

23
246 106
H. G. Wells is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
hasrvwill added H. G. Wells Bromley, United Kingdom - The Red Room, The Country of the Blind, The New Accelerator, The Stolen Body

24
286 107
Kurt Vonnegut is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Kurt Vonnegut Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America - Harrison Bergeron, 2 B R 0 2 B, Miss Temptation, The Report on the Barnhouse Effect

25
297 115
F. Scott Fitzgerald is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
F. Scott Fitzgerald Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America - The Lost Decade, Bernice Bobs Her Hair, A Diamond as Big as the Ritz, The Offshore Pirate

26
189 104
Washington Irving is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Washington Irving Manhattan, New York City, New York - Rip Van Winkle, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, The Devil and Tom Walker

27
164 88
Shirley Jackson is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
BISKIT added Shirley Jackson California, United States of America - The Lottery, Louise Please Come Home, Charles, The Possibility of Evil, The Lovely House

28
266 79
Jack London is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Jack London California, United States of America - To Build a Fire, The Mexican, A Piece of Steak, Batard

The Best Russian Novels

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131 43
Hans Christian Andersen is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
stubb added Hans Christian Andersen Odense, Denmark

30
194 71
Julio Cortázar is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Ansim added Julio Cortázar Brussels, Ixelles, Belgium - Axolotl, Blow-Up, Headache

31
261 92
Gabriel García Márquez is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Gabriel García Márquez Aracataca, Colombia - A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings, Eva Is Inside Her Cat, The Autumn of the Patriarch

32
301 111
Alice Munro is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Dani Porter added Alice Munro Wingham, Ontario, Canada - The Boy Came Over the Mountain, Deep Holes, The View from Castle Rock, Voices

33
214 92
Nathaniel Hawthorne is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Nathaniel Hawthorne Salem, Massachusetts, United States of America - Young Goodman Brown, The Birth-Mark, Rappaccini's Daughter, The Minister's Black Veil

34
169 89
Rabindranath Tagore is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
AtanuMukherjee added Rabindranath Tagore Kolkata, India

35
202 89
Agatha Christie is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
tushar.at7 added Agatha Christie Torquay, United Kingdom - The Witness for the Protection, Accident, Philomel Cottage, The Chocolate Box, The Second Gong

The All-Time Greatest Horror Writers

36
212 99
John Cheever is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
carlybobarly added John Cheever Quincy, Massachusetts, United States of America - The Swimmer, Goodbye My Brother, The Enormous Radio, The Five-Forty-Eight

37
174 52
Joseph Conrad is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
looksharp added Joseph Conrad Berdychiv, Ukraine - Youth, The Lagoon, The Idiot, Tales of Unrest, An Outpost of Progress

38
184 83
Philip K. Dick is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
tushar.at7 added Philip K. Dick Chicago, Illinois, United States of America - The Minority Report, Second Variety, We Can Remember It for You Wholesale, Paycheck

39
111 74
P. G. Wodehouse is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
nnmalvankar added P. G. Wodehouse South East England, Surrey, Eurasia - Carry On Jeeves, The Custody of Pumpkin, Extricating Young Gussie, Lord Emsworth and the Girl Friend

40
155 72
D. H. Lawrence is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
D. H. Lawrence Eastwood, United Kingdom - The Rocking-Horse Winner, The Princess, St Mawr, The Fox, The Woman Who Rode Away

41
177 119
Charles Bukowski is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
clash1977 added Charles Bukowski Andernach, Germany - All the Assh*les in the World Plus Mine, Confessions of a Man Insane Enough to Live with Beasts

42
117 67
Thomas Mann is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Thomas Mann Lübeck, Germany - Death in Venice, Felix Krull, Mario and the Magician, Little Herr Friedemann, The Clown

The Most Controversial Writers of All Time

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313 199
Stephen King is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Stephen King Portland, Maine, United States of America - The Mangler, The Lawnmower Man, Graveyard Shift, The Boogeyman, Sometimes They Come Back

44
106 39
Brothers Grimm is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
stubb added Brothers Grimm

45
135 62
W. Somerset Maugham is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
venkat.sunderam added W. Somerset Maugham Paris, France

46
142 51
Isaac Asimov is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Zimble added Isaac Asimov Petrovichi, Russia - The Bicentennial Man, Nightfall, The Last Question, The Fun They Had, The Last Answer

47
159 70
Saki is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
DavidHowarth added Saki (H. H. Munro) Sittwe, Myanmar - The Interlopers, Gabriel-Ernest, The Toys of Peace, The Open Window

48
138 60
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Vladimir Nabokov Saint Petersburg, Russia - Signs and Symbols, The Vane Sisters, Terra Incognita, A Nursery Tale

49
79 62
James Thurber is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
MadHatter84 added James Thurber Area code 614, Columbus, Ohio

50
115 20
Fyodor Dostoyevsky is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Fyodor Dostoyevsky Moscow, Russia