Places/Travel

Countries Ruled by a Republic

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It's tough to keep track of all the different systems of government, so this is a list of countries, nations, and states governed or ruled by a republic. Some nations may have multiple ruling bodies or government types, meaning they're not exclusively countries that are governed by republic, but every entry here is built at least partially on a Republican model. This list of countries that use the republic as their form of government also boasts other facts about each nation, including the official language and currency in each republican country today. There are many, many countries with republic governments in the world, and now you can keep track of them all.

Examples of sovereign states on this list include Colombia and the Marshall Islands, as well as Mozambique and the United States of America. These Republican countries may be different in countless respects, but all incorporate republican representation in their civic structures. This list answers the question, "Which countries are ruled by republic?" It's the perfect resource if you've been wondering, "Which countries are governed by republic?"
1
Angola is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Luanda

Language: Portuguese Language

Founded: 1975-11-11

Currency: Angolan kwanza

Area: 1246700.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic, Unitary state

Anthem: Angola Avante

Divisions: Cabinda Province, Lunda Norte Province, Moxico Province, Huambo Province, Huíla Province, + more

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh largest country in Africa, and is bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the ...more

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2
Bolivia is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Sucre

Language: Baure Language, Quechua, Ayoreo language, Yaminawa language, Chimane language, + more

Founded: 1825-08-06

Currency: Bolivian boliviano

Area: 1098580.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Bolivia

Divisions: Beni Department, Santa Cruz Department, Potosí, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, + more

Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and ...more

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This “Gate of the Sun” Monolithic Stone Monument Has Baffled Experts For Centuries #208 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on The Countries Of South America

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Bosnia and Herzegovina ... is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Sarajevo

Language: Bosnian language, Croatian language, Serbian language

Founded: 1189-08-29

Currency: Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark

Area: 51129.0

Government: Federal republic, Republic, Federation, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine, Jedna si jedina

Divisions: Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska

Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH, and in short often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. ...more

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Burkina Faso is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Ouagadougou

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-08-05

Currency: West African CFA franc

Area: 274200.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Une Seule Nuit

Divisions: Sanmatenga Province, Bougouriba Province, Kouritenga Province, Gnagna Province, Oudalan Province, + more

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa around 274,200 square kilometres in size. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; ...more

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Burundi is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Bujumbura

Language: Kirundi language, French Language

Founded: 1962-07-01

Currency: Burundian franc

Area: 27830.0

Government: Republic

Anthem: Burundi Bwacu

Divisions: Rutana Province, Mwaro Province, Kayanza Province, Ngozi Province, Cibitoke Province, + more

Burundi or, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of Southeast Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, ...more

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Cameroon is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Yaoundé

Language: French Language, English Language

Founded: 1960-01-01

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Area: 475440.0

Government: Republic

Anthem: O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers

Divisions: North Region, Cameroon, South Region, East Region, West Region, + more

Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon, is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and ...more

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Cape Verde is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Praia

Language: Portuguese Language

Founded: 1975-07-05

Currency: Cape Verdean escudo

Area: 4033.0

Government: Republic, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Cântico da Liberdade

Divisions: Mosteiros, Cape Verde, Sal, Santa Cruz, Cape Verde, + more

Cape Verde or Cabo Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. Located 570 kilometres off the ...more

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Central African Republic... is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Bangui

Language: French Language, Sango Language

Founded: 1960-08-13

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Area: 622984.0

Government: Republic

Anthem: La Renaissance

Divisions: Vakaga, Nana-Mambéré, Ombella-M'Poko, Sangha-Mbaéré, Mambéré-Kadéï, + more

The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo ...more

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Chad is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
N'Djamena

Language: Arabic Language, French Language

Founded: 1960-08-11

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Area: 1284000.0

Government: Presidential system

Anthem: La Tchadienne

Divisions: Lac Prefecture, Salamat Prefecture, Guéra Prefecture, Logone Oriental Prefecture, Mayo-Kébbi Prefecture, + more

Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and ...more

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Chile is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Santiago

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1810-09-18

Currency: Chilean peso

Area: 756096.3

Government: Presidential system, Democratic republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Chile

Divisions: Santiago Metropolitan Region, San Felipe de Aconcagua Province, Coquimbo Region, Maule Region, Ranco Province, + more

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a American country in the south-west point of South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the ...more

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Colombia is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Bogotá

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1810-07-20

Currency: Colombian peso

Area: 1138910.0

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of Colombia

Divisions: Antioquia department, Nariño department, Cesar department, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, + more

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by ...more

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Costa Rica is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
San José

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1821-09-15

Currency: Costa Rican colón

Area: 51100.0

Government: Liberal democracy, Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera

Divisions: Guanacaste Province, Talamanca Canton, Puntarenas Province, Limón Province, San José Province, + more

Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea ...more

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Côte d’Ivoire is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Yamoussoukro

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-08-07

Currency: West African CFA franc

Area: 322460.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic

Anthem: L'Abidjanaise

Divisions: Worodougou, Sud-Bandama, Bafing, Dix-Huit Montagnes, Marahoué, + more

Ivory Coast or Côte d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country in West Africa. Ivory Coast's de jure capital is Yamoussoukro and the biggest city is the port ...more

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Democratic Republic of t... is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Kinshasa

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-06-30

Currency: Congolese franc

Area: 2345409.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Debout Congolais

Divisions: Kasaï-Occidental, Maniema, Bandundu, Sud-Kivu, Katanga Province, + more

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as DR Congo, DRC, Congo, Congo-Kinshasa, DROC, or RDC, is a country located in Central Africa. It borders the Republic of the Congo, the Central ...more

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Djibouti is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Djibouti

Language: Arabic Language, French Language

Founded: 1977-06-27

Currency: Djiboutian franc

Area: 23200.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Djibouti

Divisions: Tadjourah Region, Obock Region, Djibouti, Ali Sabieh Region, Arta Region, + more

Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. ...more

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Ecuador is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Quito

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1822-05-24

Currency: United States dollar

Area: 283520.0

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria

Divisions: Chimborazo Province, Galápagos Province, El Oro, Los Ríos Province, Cotopaxi, + more

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific ...more

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Egypt is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Cairo

Language: Modern Standard Arabic

Currency: Egyptian pound

Area: 1001450.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady, Walla Zaman Ya Selahy

Divisions: Matrouh Governorate, Beni Suef, South Sinai Governorate, Minya Governorate, Qalyubia Governorate, + more

Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. It is the world's only contiguous ...more

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El Salvador is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
San Salvador

Language: Spanish Language

Founded: 1821-09-15

Currency: United States dollar

Area: 21040.0

Government: Presidential system, Constitutional republic

Anthem: National Anthem of El Salvador

Divisions: Usulután Department, Santa Ana Department, Ahuachapán Department, La Libertad Department, Cabañas Department, + more

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital city and largest city is San Salvador, with ...more

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The Best Soccer Players from El Salvador #163 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on The Countries In North America

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Equatorial Guinea is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Malabo

Language: French Language, Portuguese Language, Spanish Language

Founded: 1968-10-12

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Area: 28051.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic, Dictatorship, Unitary state

Anthem: Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad

Divisions: Litoral Province, Kié-Ntem Province, Bioko Sur Province, Centro Sur Province, Annobón Province, + more

Equatorial Guinea, officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres. Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its ...more

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Federated States of Micr... is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Palikir

Language: English Language

Founded: 1986-11-03

Currency: United States dollar

Area: 702.0

Government: Representative democracy, Presidential system, Republic, Federation, Non-partisan democracy

Anthem: Patriots of Micronesia

Divisions: Chuuk State, Kosrae State, Kosrae, Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia

The Federated States of Micronesia is an independent sovereign island nation and a United States associated state consisting of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – ...more

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Fiji is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Suva

Language: Fiji Hindi, English Language, Fijian Language

Founded: 1970-10-10

Currency: Fijian dollar

Area: 18270.0

Government: Military dictatorship, Military junta, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: God Bless Fiji

Divisions: Central Division, Fiji, Eastern Division, Fiji, Northern Division, + more

Fiji, officially the Republic of Fiji, is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles northeast of New Zealand's North Island. Its closest neighbours are ...more

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Finland is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Helsinki

Language: Swedish Language, Finnish Language

Founded: 1809-03-29

Currency: Euro

Area: 338424.0

Government: Federacy, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Maamme

Divisions: Lapland, Western Finland Province, Southern Finland Province, Oulu Province, Eastern Finland Province, + more

Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north and Russia to the east; Estonia lies to the south across ...more

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France is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Paris

Language: French Language

Founded: 1792

Currency: CFP franc, Euro

Area: 674843.0

Government: Semi-presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: La Marseillaise

Divisions: Haute-Loire, Cher, Vendée, Hérault, Alsace, + more

France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the ...more

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French First Republic is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
French First Republic Paris

Founded: 1792-09-22

Government: French Consulate, Republic, National Convention, French Directory

In the history of France, the First Republic, officially the French Republic, was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution. The First Republic lasted until the declaration of ...more
25
Gabon is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Countries Ruled by a Republic
Libreville

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-08-17

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Area: 267668.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic

Anthem: La Concorde

Divisions: Ngounié Province, Ogooué-Lolo Province, Estuaire Province, Moyen-Ogooué Province, Nyanga Province, + more

Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic, is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to ...more

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