Places/Travel

Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System

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Updated June 8, 2017 12k views 32 items

List of countries, nations and states governed or ruled by a semi-presidential system, sorted alphabetically. In some cases nations may have multiple ruling bodies or government types, meaning they're not exclusively countries that are governed by semi-presidential system. This list of countries that use semi-presidential system as their form of government contains various bits of information about each nation, such as the official language or currency of the country. If you're looking for the names of countries with semi-presidential system governments then you're in the right place.

Items include everything from São Tomé and Príncipe to Lithuania.

This list answers the questions, "Which countries are ruled by semi-presidential system?" and "Which countries are governed by semi-presidential system?"
1
Algeria is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Algiers

Language: Arabic Language

Founded: 1962

Currency: Algerian dinar

Area: 2381741.0

Government: Presidential system, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Kassaman

Divisions: El Oued Province, Béjaïa Province, Oran Province, Ouargla Province, Sidi Bel Abbès Province, + more

Algeria, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers. With a total area of ...more

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#95 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #80 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

2
Burkina Faso is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Ouagadougou

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-08-05

Currency: West African CFA franc

Area: 274200.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Une Seule Nuit

Divisions: Sanmatenga Province, Bougouriba Province, Kouritenga Province, Gnagna Province, Oudalan Province, + more

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa around 274,200 square kilometres in size. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; ...more

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#230 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #194 of 197 The Countries with the Best Foodlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

3
Côte d’Ivoire is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Yamoussoukro

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-08-07

Currency: West African CFA franc

Area: 322460.0

Government: Presidential system, Republic

Anthem: L'Abidjanaise

Divisions: Worodougou, Sud-Bandama, Bafing, Dix-Huit Montagnes, Marahoué, + more

Ivory Coast or Côte d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country in West Africa. Ivory Coast's de jure capital is Yamoussoukro and the biggest city is the port ...more

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#206 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #94 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries Where French Is The Official Language

4
Democratic Republic of t... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Kinshasa

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-06-30

Currency: Congolese franc

Area: 2345409.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Debout Congolais

Divisions: Kasaï-Occidental, Maniema, Bandundu, Sud-Kivu, Katanga Province, + more

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as DR Congo, DRC, Congo, Congo-Kinshasa, DROC, or RDC, is a country located in Central Africa. It borders the Republic of the Congo, the Central ...more

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#180 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #140 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries Where French Is The Official Language

5
Djibouti is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Djibouti

Language: Arabic Language, French Language

Founded: 1977-06-27

Currency: Djiboutian franc

Area: 23200.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Djibouti

Divisions: Tadjourah Region, Obock Region, Djibouti, Ali Sabieh Region, Arta Region, + more

Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. ...more

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#214 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #142 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

6
Egypt is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Cairo

Language: Modern Standard Arabic

Currency: Egyptian pound

Area: 1001450.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady, Walla Zaman Ya Selahy

Divisions: Matrouh Governorate, Beni Suef, South Sinai Governorate, Minya Governorate, Qalyubia Governorate, + more

Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. It is the world's only contiguous ...more

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12 Things You Never Knew About Egypt's Greatest Female Pharaoh #40 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

7
Finland is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Helsinki

Language: Swedish Language, Finnish Language

Founded: 1809-03-29

Currency: Euro

Area: 338424.0

Government: Federacy, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Maamme

Divisions: Lapland, Western Finland Province, Southern Finland Province, Oulu Province, Eastern Finland Province, + more

Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north and Russia to the east; Estonia lies to the south across ...more

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12 Incredible, Little-Known Facts About The Finnish Soldiers of World War II #56 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

8
France is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Paris

Language: French Language

Founded: 1792

Currency: CFP franc, Euro

Area: 674843.0

Government: Semi-presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

Anthem: La Marseillaise

Divisions: Haute-Loire, Cher, Vendée, Hérault, Alsace, + more

France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the ...more

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The Best French Soccer Players & Footballers of All Time #119 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

9
Georgia is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Tbilisi

Language: Georgian Language

Founded: 1008

Currency: Georgian lari

Area: 69700.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Tavisupleba, Dideba

Divisions: Abkhazia, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Guria, + more

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the ...more

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#101 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #82 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on The Countries In Asia

10
Guinea-Bissau is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Bissau

Language: Portuguese Language

Founded: 1973-09-24

Currency: West African CFA franc

Area: 36120.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Esta É a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada

Divisions: Quinara Region, Biombo Region, Bissau Region, Bolama Region, Bafatá Region, + more

Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, GI-nee-bi-SOW, is a country in West Africa. It covers 36,125 km² with an estimated population of 1,704,000. Guinea-Bissau was once ...more

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#245 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #171 of 242 The Best Countries to Travel Tolisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

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Guyana is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Georgetown

Language: English Language

Founded: 1966-05-26

Currency: Guyanese dollar

Area: 214970.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains

Divisions: Pomeroon-Supenaam, East Berbice-Corentyne, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, + more

Guyana, officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the Caribbean coast of South America. Although Guyana is part of the Anglophone Caribbean, it is one of the few ...more

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#186 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #55 of 70 The Best Countries to Live Inlisted on The Countries Of South America

12
Haiti is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Port-au-Prince

Language: French Language, Haitian Creole French Language

Founded: 1697

Currency: Haitian gourde

Area: 27751.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: La Dessalinienne

Divisions: Sud Department, Ouest Department, Centre Department, Nippes Department, Artibonite Department, + more

Haiti, officially the Republic of Haïti, is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares ...more

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#185 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #87 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on The Countries In North America

13
Kenya is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Nairobi

Language: English Language, Swahili Language

Founded: 1963-12-12

Currency: Kenyan shilling

Area: 582650.0

Government: Representative democracy, Presidential system, Republic

Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu

Divisions: Nyanza Province, Western Province, Nairobi Province, Coast Province, Central Province, + more

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa. Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya lies on the equator with the Indian Ocean to the south-east, Tanzania to the ...more

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The Best Olympic Athletes from Kenya #32 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

14
Lithuania is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Vilnius

Language: Lithuanian language

Founded: 1009-02-14

Currency: Lithuanian litas

Area: 65200.0

Government: Semi-presidential system, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Tautiška giesmė

Divisions: Kaunas County, Alytus County, Panevėžys County, Šiauliai County, Jonava, + more

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is a country in Northern Europe, one of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of ...more

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#173 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #58 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Highest Beer Consumption Per Capita

15
Mali is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Bamako

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-09-22

Currency: West African CFA franc

Area: 1240000.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Le Mali

Divisions: Ségou Region, Mopti Region, Kayes Region, Sikasso Region, Gao Region, + more

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres. The population ...more

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#252 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #98 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

16
Mongolia is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Ulan Bator

Language: Mongolian language

Founded: 1206

Currency: Mongolian tögrög

Area: 1565000.0

Government: Semi-presidential system, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: National Anthem of Mongolia

Divisions: Dornogovi Province, Övörkhangai Province, Bulgan Province, Khentii Province, Dundgovi Province, + more

Mongolia is a landlocked country in east-central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and also the largest city, is home to ...more

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#126 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #61 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on The Countries In Asia

17
Montenegro is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Podgorica

Language: Montenegrin language

Founded: 1484

Currency: Euro

Area: 13812.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro

Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to ...more

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#7 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #64 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

18
Pakistan is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Islamabad

Language: Urdu Language, English Language

Founded: 1940-03-23

Currency: Pakistani rupee

Area: 796095.0

Government: Federal republic, Parliamentary republic

Anthem: Qaumī Tarāna

Divisions: Balochistan, Pakistan, Islamabad Capital Territory, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, + more

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populous country and with an ...more

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The Best Soccer Players from Pakistan #8 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on The Countries In Asia

19
Palestinian National Aut... is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Ramallah

Language: Arabic Language

Founded: 1994

Currency: Israeli new shekel, Jordanian dinar

Area: 6220.0

Government: Provisional government, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Fida'i, Mawtini

Divisions: West Bank, Gaza Strip

The Palestinian National Authority was the interim self-government body established to govern Areas A and B of the West Bank and Gaza Strip as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords. Following ...more

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#264 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on The Countries In Asia

20
Portugal is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Lisbon

Language: Portuguese Language

Founded: 1128-06-24

Currency: Euro

Area: 91985.0

Government: Representative democracy, Semi-presidential system, Democratic republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state, + more

Anthem: A Portuguesa

Divisions: Braga, Bragança District, Aveiro District, Aveiro, Portugal, + more

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country in southwest Europe. It is located on the Iberian Peninsula, and it is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, being bordered by ...more

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The Best Soccer Players from Portugal #23 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

21
Taiwan is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Taipei

Language: Standard Mandarin

Founded: 1911-10-10

Currency: New Taiwan dollar

Area: 36193.0

Government: Government in exile, Presidential system, Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: National Anthem of the Republic of China

Divisions: Changhua County, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Yilan County, Taiwan, + more

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a sovereign state in East Asia. The Republic of China, originally based in mainland China, now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% ...more

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#190 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #65 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on The Countries In Asia

22
Romania is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Bucharest

Language: Romanian Language

Founded: 1290

Currency: Romanian leu

Area: 238391.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

Anthem: Deșteaptă-te, române!

Divisions: Mehedinți County, Harghita County, Sălaj County, Covurlui, Maramureș County, + more

Romania, is a unitary semi-presidential republic located in Southeastern-Central Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine. It also borders Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova. It ...more

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The Best Romania Soccer Players & Footballers of All Time #137 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities

23
Russia is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Moscow

Language: Russian Language

Founded: 1991-12-25

Currency: Russian ruble

Area: 1.7098246E7

Government: Federal republic, Semi-presidential system, Constitutional republic

Anthem: National Anthem of Russia

Divisions: Krasnodar Krai, Voronezh Oblast, Penza Oblast, Belgorod Oblast, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, + more

Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation, is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic. At 17,075,400 square kilometres, Russia is the largest ...more

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People Who Claimed To Be Romanovs (But Totally Weren't) #88 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the Worldlisted on 36 Countries with Universal Healthcare

24
São Tomé a... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
São Tomé

Language: Portuguese Language

Founded: 1975-07-12

Currency: São Tomé and Príncipe dobra

Area: 964.0

Government: Representative democracy, Democracy, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Independência total

Divisions: Príncipe Province

São Tomé and Príncipe officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the ...more

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#221 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #136 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries Where Portuguese Is The Official Language

25
Senegal is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System
Dakar

Language: French Language

Founded: 1960-08-20

Currency: West African CFA franc

Area: 196190.0

Government: Republic, Semi-presidential system

Anthem: Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons

Divisions: Fatick Region, Kolda Region, Thiès Region, Kaolack Region, Dakar Region, + more

Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. It is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World or Eurafrasia and owes its name to the ...more

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#211 of 275 The Prettiest Flags in the World #105 of 165 The Most Beautiful Countries in the Worldlisted on Countries with Best Sanitation Facilities