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Countries Ruled by Semi-presidential System

Updated June 8, 2017 12.1k views32 items

List of countries, nations and states governed or ruled by a semi-presidential system, sorted alphabetically. In some cases nations may have multiple ruling bodies or government types, meaning they're not exclusively countries that are governed by semi-presidential system. This list of countries that use semi-presidential system as their form of government contains various bits of information about each nation, such as the official language or currency of the country. If you're looking for the names of countries with semi-presidential system governments then you're in the right place.

Items include everything from São Tomé and Príncipe to Lithuania.

This list answers the questions, "Which countries are ruled by semi-presidential system?" and "Which countries are governed by semi-presidential system?"
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  • Algeria1

    Algeria

    Algiers

    LanguageArabic Language

    Founded1962

    CurrencyAlgerian dinar

    Area2381741.0

    GovernmentPresidential system, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemKassaman

    DivisionsEl Oued Province, Béjaïa Province, Oran Province, Ouargla Province, Sidi Bel Abbès Province

    Algeria, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa on...  more

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  • Burkina Faso2

    Burkina Faso

    Ouagadougou

    LanguageFrench Language

    Founded1960-08-05

    CurrencyWest African CFA franc

    Area274200.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemUne Seule Nuit

    DivisionsSanmatenga Province, Bougouriba Province, Kouritenga Province, Gnagna Province, Oudalan Province

    Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa around 274,200 square kilometres in size....  more
  • Côte d’Ivoire3

    Côte d’Ivoire

    Yamoussoukro

    LanguageFrench Language

    Founded1960-08-07

    CurrencyWest African CFA franc

    Area322460.0

    GovernmentPresidential system, Republic

    AnthemL'Abidjanaise

    DivisionsWorodougou, Sud-Bandama, Bafing, Dix-Huit Montagnes, Marahoué

    Ivory Coast or Côte d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country in West...  more
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo4

    LanguageFrench Language

    Founded1960-06-30

    CurrencyCongolese franc

    Area2345409.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemDebout Congolais

    DivisionsKasaï-Occidental, Maniema, Bandundu, Sud-Kivu, Katanga Province

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as DR Congo, DRC, Congo, Congo-Kinshasa,...  more

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  • Djibouti5

    Djibouti

    Djibouti

    LanguageArabic Language, French Language

    Founded1977-06-27

    CurrencyDjiboutian franc

    Area23200.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemDjibouti

    DivisionsTadjourah Region, Obock Region, Djibouti, Ali Sabieh Region, Arta Region

    Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It...  more
  • Egypt6

    Egypt

    Cairo

    LanguageModern Standard Arabic

    CurrencyEgyptian pound

    Area1001450.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemBilady, Bilady, Bilady, Walla Zaman Ya Selahy

    DivisionsMatrouh Governorate, Beni Suef, South Sinai Governorate, Minya Governorate, Qalyubia Governorate

    Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest...  more

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  • Finland7

    Finland

    Helsinki

    LanguageSwedish Language, Finnish Language

    Founded1809-03-29

    CurrencyEuro

    Area338424.0

    GovernmentFederacy, Parliamentary republic

    AnthemMaamme

    DivisionsLapland, Western Finland Province, Southern Finland Province, Oulu Province, Eastern Finland Province

    Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordered...  more

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  • France8

    France

    Paris

    LanguageFrench Language

    Founded1792

    CurrencyCFP franc, Euro

    Area674843.0

    GovernmentSemi-presidential system, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemLa Marseillaise

    DivisionsHaute-Loire, Cher, Vendée, Hérault, Alsace

    France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in...  more

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  • Georgia9

    Georgia

    Tbilisi

    LanguageGeorgian Language

    Founded1008

    CurrencyGeorgian lari

    Area69700.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemTavisupleba, Dideba

    DivisionsAbkhazia, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Guria

    Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western...  more

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  • Guinea-Bissau10

    LanguagePortuguese Language

    Founded1973-09-24

    CurrencyWest African CFA franc

    Area36120.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemEsta É a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada

    DivisionsQuinara Region, Biombo Region, Bissau Region, Bolama Region, Bafatá Region

    Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, GI-nee-bi-SOW, is a country in West...  more

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  • Guyana11

    Guyana

    Georgetown

    LanguageEnglish Language

    Founded1966-05-26

    CurrencyGuyanese dollar

    Area214970.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemDear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains

    DivisionsPomeroon-Supenaam, East Berbice-Corentyne, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice

    Guyana, officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the Caribbean...  more

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  • Haiti12

    Haiti

    Port-au-Prince

    LanguageFrench Language, Haitian Creole French Language

    Founded1697

    CurrencyHaitian gourde

    Area27751.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemLa Dessalinienne

    DivisionsSud Department, Ouest Department, Centre Department, Nippes Department, Artibonite Department

    Haiti, officially the Republic of Haïti, is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western,...  more

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  • Kenya13

    Kenya

    Nairobi

    LanguageEnglish Language, Swahili Language

    Founded1963-12-12

    CurrencyKenyan shilling

    Area582650.0

    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Presidential system, Republic

    AnthemEe Mungu Nguvu Yetu

    DivisionsNyanza Province, Western Province, Nairobi Province, Coast Province, Central Province

    Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa. Its capital and largest city...  more

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  • Lithuania14

    Lithuania

    Vilnius

    LanguageLithuanian language

    Founded1009-02-14

    CurrencyLithuanian litas

    Area65200.0

    GovernmentSemi-presidential system, Parliamentary republic

    AnthemTautiška giesmė

    DivisionsKaunas County, Alytus County, Panevėžys County, Šiauliai County, Jonava

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  • Mali15

    Mali

    Bamako

    LanguageFrench Language

    Founded1960-09-22

    CurrencyWest African CFA franc

    Area1240000.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemLe Mali

    DivisionsSégou Region, Mopti Region, Kayes Region, Sikasso Region, Gao Region

    Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the...  more
  • Mongolia16

    Mongolia

    Ulan Bator

    LanguageMongolian language

    Founded1206

    CurrencyMongolian tögrög

    Area1565000.0

    GovernmentSemi-presidential system, Parliamentary republic

    AnthemNational Anthem of Mongolia

    DivisionsDornogovi Province, Övörkhangai Province, Bulgan Province, Khentii Province, Dundgovi Province

    Mongolia is a landlocked country in east-central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north...  more

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  • Montenegro17

    Montenegro

    Podgorica

    LanguageMontenegrin language

    Founded1484

    CurrencyEuro

    Area13812.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Parliamentary republic

    AnthemOj, svijetla majska zoro

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  • Pakistan18

    Pakistan

    Islamabad

    LanguageUrdu Language, English Language

    Founded1940-03-23

    CurrencyPakistani rupee

    Area796095.0

    GovernmentFederal republic, Parliamentary republic

    AnthemQaumī Tarāna

    DivisionsBalochistan, Pakistan, Islamabad Capital Territory, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

    Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a sovereign country in South Asia....  more

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  • Palestinian National Authority19

    LanguageArabic Language

    Founded1994

    CurrencyIsraeli new shekel, Jordanian dinar

    Area6220.0

    GovernmentProvisional government, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemFida'i, Mawtini

    DivisionsWest Bank, Gaza Strip

    The Palestinian National Authority was the interim self-government body established to govern...  more
  • Portugal20

    Portugal

    Lisbon

    LanguagePortuguese Language

    Founded1128-06-24

    CurrencyEuro

    Area91985.0

    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Semi-presidential system, Democratic republic, Constitutional republic, Unitary state

    AnthemA Portuguesa

    DivisionsBraga, Bragança District, Aveiro District, Aveiro, Portugal

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  • Taiwan21

    Taiwan

    Taipei

    LanguageStandard Mandarin

    Founded1911-10-10

    CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar

    Area36193.0

    GovernmentGovernment in exile, Presidential system, Republic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemNational Anthem of the Republic of China

    DivisionsChanghua County, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Yilan County, Taiwan

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  • Romania22

    Romania

    Bucharest

    LanguageRomanian Language

    Founded1290

    CurrencyRomanian leu

    Area238391.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system, Unitary state

    AnthemDeșteaptă-te, române!

    DivisionsMehedinți County, Harghita County, Sălaj County, Covurlui, Maramureș County

    Romania, is a unitary semi-presidential republic located in Southeastern-Central Europe,...  more

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  • Russia23

    Russia

    Moscow

    LanguageRussian Language

    Founded1991-12-25

    CurrencyRussian ruble

    Area1.7098246E7

    GovernmentFederal republic, Semi-presidential system, Constitutional republic

    AnthemNational Anthem of Russia

    DivisionsKrasnodar Krai, Voronezh Oblast, Penza Oblast, Belgorod Oblast, Nenets Autonomous Okrug

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  • São Tomé and Príncipe24

    LanguagePortuguese Language

    Founded1975-07-12

    CurrencySão Tomé and Príncipe dobra

    Area964.0

    GovernmentRepresentative democracy, Democracy, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemIndependência total

    DivisionsPríncipe Province

    São Tomé and Príncipe officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a...  more
  • Senegal25

    Senegal

    Dakar

    LanguageFrench Language

    Founded1960-08-20

    CurrencyWest African CFA franc

    Area196190.0

    GovernmentRepublic, Semi-presidential system

    AnthemPincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons

    DivisionsFatick Region, Kolda Region, Thiès Region, Kaolack Region, Dakar Region

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