Primates are some of the most clever and intelligent animals on earth, and they hold a special place in the hearts of millions of people worldwide. Their ranks include monkeys, apes, baboons, lemurs, and even human beings. They can be found all over the world, and many societies have worshipped them for their guile, wit, and loyalty. While many of these animals are cute and lovable, there are a whole lot of weird looking primates out there that are almost too unusual to believe.
These strange primates can be found everywhere from the natural hot springs of Japan to the deserts of Arabia to the largest rainforests on earth. Whether they have blue faces or red, huge noses or none at all, crazy-looking primates are as common in the animal kingdom as their more normal cousins. Out of the over 600 known species in the world, these are the absolute freakiest looking primates in nature.
The bright red faces of the bald uakaris are certainly odd, but they may also play an important role in the lives of these monkeys. Uakaris live deep in the Amazon rainforest, a place known for its harsh climate and variety of deadly diseases. The rich color of their faces could be a signal to other uakaris that they are healthy, as symptoms of diseases like malaria usually cause pale skin.
Uakaris live in troops of up to a hundred individuals, and spend most their time foraging for food. However, their numbers are threatened due to human activity and relatively slow reproduction rates, meaning that uakaris could easily jump up from being classified as vulnerable to being placed on the endangered species list if their numbers continue declining.
Flanged orangutans are adult male orangutans who have developed bulbous sacs of skin around their faces called flanges. Their puffy cheeks may look silly, but it’s actually a sign that they are the top dogs in their neck of the woods. Younger males don’t develop them, and it’s believed that living near a flanged male can actually suppress the development of flanges in others males. This characterizes a flanged orangutan as a sort of alpha male, as females will pick mates with flanges over those without them in almost every case. Scientists are still trying to determine exactly how and why males grow their flanges, but studies have shown that huge bursts of testosterone coincide with their appearance.
Mandrills Are The Biggest And Brightest Of All Monkeys
Mandrills are both the biggest monkeys in the world and one of the most colorful. Not only are their faces exuberant, but their hind quarters are also well known for their distinctive hues - and when mandrills get excited, these colors on their bodies will flush even brighter. Mandrills can be found deep in the rainforests of Africa where they live mostly terrestrial lives, only climbing up into the trees at night to sleep. They are omnivores who will eat anything from fruits to small amphibians and reptiles, and their troops are usually led by an alpha male and can include over a dozen females and young. Sometimes, groups will come together to form large social gatherings that can grow to over 200 individuals.
Tarsiers are a group of small primates who could once be found all around the world, but are now limited to the rainforests of Southeast Asia. These animals are known for their large eyes - each of which are as large as their entire brain. They have adapted to life in the trees and can bound from trunk to trunk with their impressively long and powerful legs, which, relative to their size, are the longest back legs of any mammal. Less than 10 species of tarsier exist in the wild, many of which are vulnerable to extinction. Surprisingly, domestic cats are one of the largest driving factors in tarsier population loss, as their similarity to mice makes them perfect targets for felines.