Virtual reality is really coming into its own these days, with VR technology being used in surprising ways across many areas of our everyday life. More than a few movies from our recent past had weird and crazy ideas about how VR technology might develop. Back in the '80s and '90s, VR was still in its nascency, so in the early days of using virtual reality in the movies, creators had some trippy ideas about how the technology might be used or abused. While The Matrix is undoubtedly the most famous, there are plenty of other, more ridiculous, movies that featured VR technology. While some of depictions seemed cutting edge at the time, they seem downright silly in retrospect. Other interpretations of VR, however, were scarily accurate.
Whether utopia or dystopia, sci-fi thriller or existential drama, here are some of the craziest non-Matrix virtual reality movies that explore the digital world.
Infamous for being one of Keanu Reaves's worst projects, Johnny Mnemonic follows the adventures of a man who uploads files to his own brain to securely carry them for corporate clients. Johnny can manipulate his abilities inside virtual reality to hack the machines he interfaces with, resulting in laughably weird visual effects and a partnership with a genius hacker dolphin. Seriously, there's a dolphin hacker. And he is not handled tastefully.
Initial Release: 1995
Directed by: Robert Longo
#55 on The Best Movies of 1995see more on Johnny Mnemonic
In The Lawnmower Man, Dr. Lawrence Angelo (Pierce Brosnan) is your typical mad scientist. He needs a willing volunteer to demonstrate that his virtual reality machine is the key to next step of evolution for mankind. He finds his volunteer in Jobe Smith (Jeff Fahey), a developmentally disabled handyman Angelo believes he can transform into a genius by plugging him into his virtual reality games and simulations. It's not long before Jobe unlocks superhuman powers and turns the tables on Dr. Angelo.
With all the laughable visual effects of a weird '90s virtual reality movie, The Lawnmower Man shows us a world in which virtual reality games and landscapes can transform an imbecile into a genius through disturbingly colorful screen savers. It wasn't exactly what one would call "scientifically accurate" or "even slightly plausible."
Initial Release: 1992
Directed by: Brett Leonardsee more on The Lawnmower Man
Part-noir mystery, part-paranormal thriller, Dark City follows John Murdoch (Rufus Sewell), a man with amnesia in a city where the sun never shines. When Murdoch struggles to regain his memories, mysterious albino men in black appear in the shadows and manipulate reality.
As Murdoch goes further down the rabbit hole, he realizes his city is actually a giant virtual reality "tuning" simulation run by the men in black, actually creepy aliens with massive control issues. The difference here, however, is that it is not a digital simulation — this form of virtual reality is a real matter simulation, remotely influenced by alien minds. It's a super trippy film, and probably best not watched before bed.
Initial Release: 1998
Directed by: Alex Proyas
#15 on The Best Movies of 1998see more on Dark City
A classic way ahead of its time, Tron is one of the first movies to explore the concept of a virtual world inside a computer, and navigating said world with a digital avatar. Flynn (Jeff Bridges), in an attempt to hack the corporation that swallowed up his video game company, gets beamed into a computer by an artificial intelligence and is forced to compete on a "game grid" — where digital gladiators battle to the death inside a neon colored digital maze.
Game-changing concepts and visuals from this early 'scif-fi/80s fantasy influenced many stories to come, and was one of the first movies to use computer generated graphics. It later became a huge influence on science fiction, inspiring The Matrix, Lawnmower Man, and of course, Tron: Legacy.
Initial Release: 1982
Directed by: Steven Lisberger
#17 on The Best Movies of 1982see more on Tron