What happened during the Crusades? What were the Crusades? This time is one of the most misunderstood periods of Western history. From 1095 to about 1300, successive waves of Christian knights and royals, called to action by the Catholic Church, quested to the Holy Land in an effort to capture (or re-capture) it from Muslim armies.
But facts about the Crusades are much more complicated than that. The Crusades weren't just one movement, but dozens, led by hundreds of knights, kings, and dukes, and not always bent on capturing Jerusalem. They were incredibly brave fighters, but also bloodthirsty killers. They tried to free Jerusalem, but also sacked a number of ancient cities, destroying priceless artifacts and culture.The history of the Crusades is complicated, but also full of interesting information. Here are some of the most fascinating Crusades facts about this difficult period of time.