The Beatles are widely regarded as the most famous and influential band of the 20th century. After forming in 1960 in Liverpool, the group made their initial rounds in the red-light district of Hamburg, Germany. At the time, there were five: Pete Best on the drums, George Harrison on lead guitar, and Stuart Sutcliffe on the bass, co-led by songwriters John Lennon and Paul McCartney.
In 1961, Sutcliffe left the band to pursue a career in painting, but by April 1962, he would perish from a cerebral hemorrhage at just 21 years old. Years later, Sutcliffe's sister would claim the brain hemorrhage was caused by Lennon kicking Sutcliffe in the head during a fight.
The following year, shortly before recording their debut single "Love Me Do," Pete Best was fired and replaced by Ringo Starr, who joined Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison to become "The Fab Four." The counterculture icons would only play together for eight prolific years before their split. After Lennon was murdered in 1980 and Harrison died of lung cancer in 2001, only McCartney and Starr were left to carry on the Beatles' bright albeit complex legacy - one with a very dark side.
The Manson Family's slayings were committed in a house rented by controversial director Roman Polanski, who had just catapulted to fame with his horror movie classic, Rosemary's Baby. Sharon Tate, one of the victims, was married to Polanski and eight months pregnant when her life was taken by the Manson Family.
This act came on the heels of other sudden, shocking tragedies connected to Polanski's film. Rosemary's Baby, so the conspiracy goes, unleashed a curse that ruined the lives of numerous people with even tenuous connections to the film.
John Lennon was friends with both Polanski and Mia Farrow, the film's star. For many years, Lennon and Yoko Ono lived in the Dakota Hotel, where Rosemary's Baby was filmed (though it was called the Bramford in the movie). The gothic building, constructed in the 1880s, lent itself perfectly to the brooding, oppressive, and ominous mood of a movie about Satanists.
The Dakota Hotel is also where John Lennon was assassinated by Mark David Chapman in 1980. Chapman wasn't inspired by Rosemary's Baby - he was carrying a copy of The Catcher in the Rye at the time of the murder, which he later claimed was his inspiration to kill.
The friendship between John Lennon and Roman Polanski was not the only connection between the Beatles and Charles Manson, the mastermind behind the Tate-LaBianca tragedy that shocked the world in 1969.
The Beatles' lyrics were an intricate part of Manson's off-kilter theology (he saw them as the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse), and he claimed they provided direct inspiration for the manner in which his Family carried out their misdeeds.
Rumors have circulated for decades that "Sgt. Pepper" was actually Aleister Crowley, the controversial English occultist who many referred to as the "wickedest man in the world."
The Beatles featured Crowley's face among the famous people they admired on the album cover of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (he's at the top left-hand corner in the back row, right next to Mae West). The album itself was released 20 years after Crowley's demise.
Some conspiracy theorists believe that when the Beatles open the album by singing, "It was 20 years ago today, Sgt. Pepper taught the band to play," they're declaring their allegiance to Crowley's occult and spiritual teachings.
John Lennon may or may not have admitted this in one of his last interviews:
The whole Beatle idea was to do what you want, right? To take your own responsibility, do what you want and try not to harm other people, right? Do what thou wilst, as long as it doesn't hurt somebody.
"Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law," was one of Crowley's more famous teachings.
A 'Wicked Dentist' Tricked The Beatles Into Trying Acid
John Riley was the name of a dentist who befriended John Lennon, George Harrison, and their romantic partners at the time, Cynthia Lennon and Pattie Boyd, respectively. In March 1965, the two couples attended a dinner party hosted by Riley, who secretly spiked his guests' coffee with LSD after dinner. The experience was a first for Lennon and Harrison, who had never experimented with LSD before this party.
Some time later, George Harrison would refer to Riley as "the wicked dentist," and many speculate that Riley was the inspiration behind the Beatles' song titled "Doctor Robert," which was released in 1966 on Revolver. The song's lyrics were co-written by Lennon and McCartney:
Day or night he'll be there any time at all
You're a new and better man
He helps you to understand
He does everything he can
If you're down he'll pick you up
Take a drink from his special cup
The Beatles ultimately enjoyed acid and used it consensually for years.