Weird History

Famous Poisoning Deaths  

Notable Famous Deaths
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The list of famous people who died of poisoning includes all the notable people who met their end at the hands of a poison. Death due to poison could not be detected in earlier ages and so was the most popular method used to kill people, resulting in many famous poisoning cases. Only in the recent past, has the cause of death by poison been detectable through autopsy.

What famous people were poisoned to death? Did you know, in the previous centuries, most poison victims died of arsenic poisoning? These famous poisonings are the stuff of legends and have happened throughout history. From cyanide poisonings to other methods, here is a list of all famous people who were poisoned and killed. This list includes all famous poisoning victims and can be sorted by any column.
Alan Turing is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 42 (1912-1954)

British mathematician; Apparently committed suicide by injecting an apple with cyanide and taking a bite.

Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS was a British pioneering computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, mathematical biologist, and marathon and ultra distance runner. He ...more
Adolf Hitler is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 56 (1889-1945)
Cyanide and gunshot simultaneously before capture Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party. He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As ...more
Cleopatra is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 39 (68 BC-29 BC)

Poisoned herself with an asp's bite

Cleopatra VII Philopator, known to history simply as "Cleopatra", was the last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, only shortly survived by her son, Caesarion as pharaoh. Cleopatra was a ...more
Socrates is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths

Greek philosopher. According to Plato, sentenced to kill himself by drinking poison hemlock

Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially ...more
Heinrich Himmler is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 45 (1900-1945)
Leader of the Nazi Schutzstaffel Heinrich Luitpold Himmler was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel, a military commander, and a leading member of the Nazi Party of Nazi Germany. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler later appointed him ...more
Hermann Göring is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Hermann Göring
Leader of the Nazi Luftwaffe; suicide by cyanide capsule, long after being captured and only hours before his hanging was to take place
Juan Ponce de León is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Juan Ponce de León was a Spanish explorer and conquistador. He became the first Governor of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish crown. He led the first European expedition to ...more
Erwin Rommel is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 53 (1891-1944)
German general Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel, popularly known as the Desert Fox, was a German field marshal of World War II. He earned the respect of both his own troops and his enemies. Rommel was a highly ...more
Ibn al-Khattab is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 33 (1969-2002)
A Sunni Jihadi fighter, died from a poisoned letter sent by Russian FSB agency Thamir Saleh Abdullah Al-Suwailem, more commonly known as Ibn al-Khattab or Emir Khattab meaning Commander Khattab, or Leader Khattab, and also known as Habib Abdul Rahman, was a Saudi ...more
Ali ibn Abi Talib is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Demosthenes is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 62 (383 BC-321 BC)
Athenian politician Demosthenes was a prominent Greek statesman and orator of ancient Athens. His orations constitute a significant expression of contemporary Athenian intellectual prowess and provide an insight ...more
Love Canal is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Love Canal
Buried toxic waste was covered and used as a building site for housing and school in Niagara Falls, New York, resulting in claims of chronic poisoning and a massive environmental cleanup.
Alexander Litvinenko is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 44 (1962-2006)
Russian ex-spy and investigator, died three weeks after being poisoned by radioactive polonium-210 Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko was a fugitive officer of the Russian FSB secret service. Litvinenko was arrested the following March on charges of exceeding the authority of his position. He ...more
Pope Clement VII is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 56 (1478-1534)
Ate the death cap mushroom Pope Clement VII, born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was Pope from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534.
Eva Braun is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Eva Hitler
Marshall Applewhite is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 66 (1931-1997)
Cult suicide Marshall Herff Applewhite, Jr., also known as "Bo" and "Do", among other names, was an American cult leader who founded what became known as the Heaven's Gate religious group ...more
Olive Thomas is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 26 (1894-1920)
Silent film actress, accidentally ingested a large dose of mercury bichloride Olive Thomas was an American silent film actress and model. Thomas began her career as an illustrators' model in 1914, and moved on to the Ziegfeld Follies the following year. During her time as ...more
Georgi Markov is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 49 (1929-1978)

Bulgarian dissident; Assassinated in London with ricin

Georgi Ivanov Markov was a Bulgarian dissident writer. Markov originally worked as a novelist and playwright in his native country, then governed by a communist regime under chairman Todor ...more
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 55 (1685-1740)
Ate poisonous mushrooms Charles VI succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary and Croatia, and King of Serbia, Archduke of Austria, etc., in 1711. He unsuccessfully ...more
Stepan Bandera is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 50 (1909-1959)
Poisoned by a cyanide capsule shot from a gun by KGB agents Stepan Andriyovych Bandera was a Ukrainian political activist and leader of the Ukrainian nationalist and independence movement. Bandera is a controversial historical figure honoured by the ...more
Odilo Globocnik is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 41 (1904-1945)
D. 1945 Odilo Lotario Globocnik or Odilo Lothar Ludwig Globocnik, also Germanized Globotschnig, nicknamed Globus was a prominent Austrian Nazi and later an SS leader. As associate of Adolf Eichmann, he ...more
Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz
Umayyad caliph
Musa al-Kadhim is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Musa al-Kadhim Dec. at 54 (745-799)
Shia Imam Mûsâ ibn Ja‘far al-Kâdhim, also called Abul Hasan, Abu Abd Allah, Abu Ibrahim, and al-Kadhim, was the seventh Shiite Imam after his father Ja'far al-Sadiq. He is regarded by ...more
Constantine II, Prince of Arme... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Constantine II, Prince of Armenia
D. 1129 Constantine II, also Kostandin II, was the fourth lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains”. The Chronique Rimée de la Petite Arménie of Vahram of Edessa records that he ...more
Margaret Drummond is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Margaret Drummond Dec. at 26 (1475-1501)
Mistress of King James IV of Scotland Margaret Drummond was a daughter of John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond, and a mistress of King James IV of Scotland. She was a great-great-great-great-niece of the Margaret Drummond who was King ...more