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Famous Poisoning Deaths

Updated June 14, 2019 216.2k views50 items

The list of famous people who died of poisoning includes all the notable people who met their end at the hands of a poison. Death due to poison could not be detected in earlier ages and so was the most popular method used to kill people, resulting in many famous poisoning cases. Only in the recent past, has the cause of death by poison been detectable through autopsy.

What famous people were poisoned to death? Did you know, in the previous centuries, most poison victims died of arsenic poisoning? These famous poisonings are the stuff of legends and have happened throughout history. From cyanide poisonings to other methods, here is a list of all famous people who were poisoned and killed. This list includes all famous poisoning victims and can be sorted by any column.
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing

    Dec. at 42 (1912-1954)

    BirthplaceMaida Vale, London, United Kingdom

    British mathematician; Apparently committed suicide by injecting an apple with cyanide and taking a bite.

    Alan Mathison Turing (; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English mathematician, computer...  more
  • Adolf Hitler

    Adolf Hitler

    Dec. at 56 (1889-1945)

    BirthplaceBraunau am Inn, Austria

    Cyanide and gunshot simultaneously before capture
    Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German...  more
  • Cleopatra


    Dec. at 39 (68 BC-29 BC)

    BirthplaceAlexandria, Egypt

    Poisoned herself with an asp's bite

    Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπᾰ́τρᾱ Φιλοπάτωρ, romanized: Kleopátrā Philopátōr;...  more
  • Socrates

    Greek philosopher. According to Plato, sentenced to kill himself by drinking poison hemlock

    Socrates (; Ancient Greek: Σωκρᾰ́της, romanized: Sōkrátēs, [sɔːkrátɛːs]; c. 470 – 399 BC) was...  more
  • Heinrich Himmler

    Heinrich Himmler

    Dec. at 45 (1900-1945)

    BirthplaceMunich, Germany

    Leader of the Nazi Schutzstaffel
    Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (German: [ˈhaɪnʁɪç ˈluːɪtˌpɔlt ˈhɪmlɐ] (listen); 7 October 1900 – 23...  more
  • Hermann Göring

    Hermann Göring

    Leader of the Nazi Luftwaffe; suicide by cyanide capsule, long after being captured and only hours before his hanging was to take place
  • Juan Ponce de Leön

    Juan Ponce de Leön

    Juan Ponce de León (Spanish pronunciation: [xwam ˈponθe ðe leˈon]; 1474 – July 1521), commonly...  more
  • Erwin Rommel

    Erwin Rommel

    Dec. at 53 (1891-1944)

    BirthplaceHeidenheim an der Brenz, Germany

    German general
    Johannes Erwin Eugen Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and...  more
  • Ibn al-Khattab

    Ibn al-Khattab

    Dec. at 33 (1969-2002)

    BirthplaceSaudi Arabia

    A Sunni Jihadi fighter, died from a poisoned letter sent by Russian FSB agency
    Samir Saleh Abdullah (Arabic: سامر صالح عبد الله‎; 14 April 1969 – 20 March 2002), more...  more
  • Ali ibn Abi Talib

    Ali ibn Abi Talib

  • Demosthenes


    Dec. at 62 (383 BC-321 BC)

    BirthplaceAthens, Greece

    Athenian politician
    Demosthenes (; Greek: Δημοσθένης Dēmosthénēs; Attic Greek: [dɛːmosˈtʰenɛːs]; 384 – 12 October...  more
  • Love Canal

    Love Canal

    Buried toxic waste was covered and used as a building site for housing and school in Niagara Falls, New York, resulting in claims of chronic poisoning and a massive environmental cleanup.
  • Alexander Litvinenko

    Alexander Litvinenko

    Dec. at 44 (1962-2006)

    BirthplaceVoronezh, Russia

    Russian ex-spy and investigator, died three weeks after being poisoned by radioactive polonium-210
    Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ва́льтерович Литвине́нко, IPA:...  more
  • Pope Clement VII

    Pope Clement VII

    Dec. at 56 (1478-1534)

    BirthplaceFlorence, Italy

    Ate the death cap mushroom
    Pope Clement VII (Italian: Papa Clemente VII; Latin: Clemens VII) (26 May 1478 – 25 September...  more
  • Eva Hitler

    Eva Hitler

    Eva Anna Paula Hitler (née Braun; 6 February 1912 – 30 April 1945) was the longtime companion...  more
  • Marshall Applewhite

    Marshall Applewhite

    Dec. at 66 (1931-1997)

    BirthplaceSpur, Texas

    Cult suicide
    Marshall Herff Applewhite Jr. (May 17, 1931 – March 26, 1997), also known as Do, among other...  more
  • Olive Thomas

    Olive Thomas

    Dec. at 26 (1894-1920)

    BirthplaceCharleroi, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    Silent film actress, accidentally ingested a large dose of mercury bichloride
    Olive Thomas (born Oliva R. Duffy; October 20, 1894 – September 10, 1920) was an American...  more
  • Georgi Markov

    Georgi Markov

    Dec. at 49 (1929-1978)

    BirthplaceVitosha, Sofia, Bulgaria

    Bulgarian dissident; Assassinated in London with ricin

    Georgi Ivanov Markov (Bulgarian: Георги Иванов Марков; 1 March 1929 – 11 September 1978) was a...  more
  • Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

    Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

    Dec. at 55 (1685-1740)

    BirthplaceHofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria

    Ate poisonous mushrooms
    Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740; German: Karl VI., Latin: Carolus VI) succeeded...  more
  • Stepan Bandera

    Stepan Bandera

    Dec. at 50 (1909-1959)

    BirthplaceStaryi Uhryniv

    Poisoned by a cyanide capsule shot from a gun by KGB agents
    Stepan Andriyovych Bandera (Ukrainian: Степан Андрійович Бандера, Polish: Stepan Andrijowycz...  more
  • Odilo Globocnik

    Odilo Globocnik

    Dec. at 41 (1904-1945)

    BirthplaceTrieste, Italy

    D. 1945
    Odilo Globočnik (21 April 1904 – 31 May 1945) was an Austrian war criminal. He was a member of...  more
  • Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz

    Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz

    Umayyad caliph
  • Musa al-Kadhim

    Musa al-Kadhim

    Dec. at 54 (745-799)

    BirthplaceMedina, Saudi Arabia

    Shia Imam
    Mūsá ibn Ja‘far al-Kāzim (Arabic: موسى بن جعفر الكاظم‎), also called Abūl-Hasan, Abū Abd...  more
  • Constantine II, Prince of Armenia

    Constantine II, Prince of Armenia

    D. 1129
    Constantine II (Armenian: Կոստանդին Բ), also Kostandin II, (unknown – after February 17, 1129)...  more
  • Margaret Drummond

    Margaret Drummond

    Dec. at 26 (1475-1501)
    Mistress of King James IV of Scotland
    Margaret Drummond (c. 1475 – 1501) was a daughter of John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond, and a...  more