Weird History

Famous Poisoning Deaths 

Notable Famous Deaths
Updated June 14, 2019 213.3k views 50 items

The list of famous people who died of poisoning includes all the notable people who met their end at the hands of a poison. Death due to poison could not be detected in earlier ages and so was the most popular method used to kill people, resulting in many famous poisoning cases. Only in the recent past, has the cause of death by poison been detectable through autopsy.

What famous people were poisoned to death? Did you know, in the previous centuries, most poison victims died of arsenic poisoning? These famous poisonings are the stuff of legends and have happened throughout history. From cyanide poisonings to other methods, here is a list of all famous people who were poisoned and killed. This list includes all famous poisoning victims and can be sorted by any column.
Alan Turing is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 42 (1912-1954)

Birthplace: Maida Vale, London, United Kingdom

British mathematician; Apparently committed suicide by injecting an apple with cyanide and taking a bite.

Alan Mathison Turing (; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English mathematician, computer scientist, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher and theoretical biologist. Turing was highly influential ...more
Adolf Hitler is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 56 (1889-1945)

Birthplace: Braunau am Inn, Austria

Cyanide and gunshot simultaneously before capture Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP). He ...more
Cleopatra is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 39 (68 BC-29 BC)

Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt

Poisoned herself with an asp's bite

Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπᾰ́τρᾱ Φιλοπάτωρ, romanized: Kleopátrā Philopátōr; 69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of ...more
Socrates is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths

Birthplace: Classical Athens

Greek philosopher. According to Plato, sentenced to kill himself by drinking poison hemlock

Socrates (; Ancient Greek: Σωκρᾰ́της, romanized: Sōkrátēs, [sɔːkrátɛːs]; c. 470 – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western ...more
Heinrich Himmler is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 45 (1900-1945)

Birthplace: Munich, Germany

Leader of the Nazi Schutzstaffel Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (German: [ˈhaɪnʁɪç ˈluːɪtˌpɔlt ˈhɪmlɐ] (listen); 7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a ...more
Hermann Göring is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Hermann Göring
Leader of the Nazi Luftwaffe; suicide by cyanide capsule, long after being captured and only hours before his hanging was to take place
Juan Ponce de Leó... is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Juan Ponce de Leön

Birthplace: Santervás de Campos, Spain

Juan Ponce de León (Spanish pronunciation: [xwam ˈponθe ðe leˈon]; 1474 – July 1521), commonly known as Ponce de León (, also UK: , US: ), was a Spanish explorer and ...more
Erwin Rommel is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 53 (1891-1944)

Birthplace: Heidenheim an der Brenz, Germany

German general Johannes Erwin Eugen Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist. Popularly known as the Desert Fox, he served as field marshal in the Wehrmacht ...more
Ibn al-Khattab is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 33 (1969-2002)

Birthplace: Saudi Arabia

A Sunni Jihadi fighter, died from a poisoned letter sent by Russian FSB agency Samir Saleh Abdullah (Arabic: سامر صالح عبد الله‎; 14 April 1969 – 20 March 2002), more commonly known as Ibn al-Khattab or Emir Khattab (also transliterated as Amir Khattab and Ameer Khattab, ...more
Ali ibn Abi Talib is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Demosthenes is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 62 (383 BC-321 BC)

Birthplace: Athens, Greece

Athenian politician Demosthenes (; Greek: Δημοσθένης Dēmosthénēs; Attic Greek: [dɛːmosˈtʰenɛːs]; 384 – 12 October 322 BC) was a Greek statesman and orator of ancient Athens. His orations constitute a ...more
Love Canal is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Love Canal
Buried toxic waste was covered and used as a building site for housing and school in Niagara Falls, New York, resulting in claims of chronic poisoning and a massive environmental cleanup.
Alexander Litvinenko is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Age: Died at 44 (1962-2006)

Birthplace: Voronezh Oblast, Eurasia, Voronezh, Russia

Russian ex-spy and investigator, died three weeks after being poisoned by radioactive polonium-210 Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ва́льтерович Литвине́нко, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ˈvaltɨrəvʲɪtɕ lʲɪtvʲɪˈnʲɛnkə]; 30 August 1962 or 4 December 1962 by father's account – 23 ...more
Pope Clement VII is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 56 (1478-1534)

Birthplace: Florence, Italy

Ate the death cap mushroom Pope Clement VII (Italian: Papa Clemente VII; Latin: Clemens VII) (26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal ...more
Eva Braun is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Eva Hitler
Marshall Applewhite is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 66 (1931-1997)

Birthplace: Spur, Texas

Cult suicide Marshall Herff Applewhite Jr. (May 17, 1931 – March 26, 1997), also known as Do, among other names, was an American cult leader who founded what became known as the Heaven's Gate religious group ...more
Olive Thomas is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 26 (1894-1920)

Birthplace: Charleroi, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Silent film actress, accidentally ingested a large dose of mercury bichloride Olive Thomas (born Oliva R. Duffy; October 20, 1894 – September 10, 1920) was an American silent-film actress and model. Thomas began her career as an illustrator's model in 1914, and moved on ...more
Georgi Markov is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 49 (1929-1978)

Birthplace: Vitosha, Sofia, Bulgaria

Bulgarian dissident; Assassinated in London with ricin

Georgi Ivanov Markov (Bulgarian: Георги Иванов Марков; 1 March 1929 – 11 September 1978) was a Bulgarian dissident writer. Markov originally worked as a novelist and playwright in his native ...more
Charles VI, Holy Roman E... is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 55 (1685-1740)

Birthplace: Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria

Ate poisonous mushrooms Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740; German: Karl VI., Latin: Carolus VI) succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II), King of Hungary ...more
Stepan Bandera is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 50 (1909-1959)

Birthplace: Staryi Uhryniv

Poisoned by a cyanide capsule shot from a gun by KGB agents Stepan Andriyovych Bandera (Ukrainian: Степан Андрійович Бандера, Polish: Stepan Andrijowycz Bandera; 1 January 1909 – 15 October 1959) was a head of a militant wing of the Ukrainian ...more
Odilo Globocnik is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Dec. at 41 (1904-1945)

Birthplace: Eurasia, Italy, Trieste, Province of Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

D. 1945 Odilo Globočnik (21 April 1904 – 31 May 1945) was an Austrian war criminal. He was a member of the National Socialist German Worker's Party and later a high-ranking leader of the Schutzstaffel. ...more
Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz
Umayyad caliph
Musa al-Kadhim is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Musa al-Kadhim Dec. at 54 (745-799)

Birthplace: Medina, Saudi Arabia

Shia Imam Mūsá ibn Ja‘far al-Kāzim (Arabic: موسى بن جعفر الكاظم‎), also called Abūl-Hasan, Abū Abd Allah, Abū Ibrāhīm, and al-Kāzim (the one who controls his anger), was the seventh Shiite Imam ...more
Constantine II, Prince o... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Constantine II, Prince of Armenia
D. 1129 Constantine II (Armenian: Կոստանդին Բ), also Kostandin II, (unknown – after February 17, 1129) was the fourth lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains” (1129/1130). The Chronique ...more
Margaret Drummond is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Poisoning Deaths
Margaret Drummond Dec. at 26 (1475-1501)
Mistress of King James IV of Scotland Margaret Drummond (c. 1475 – 1501) was a daughter of John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond, and a mistress of King James IV of Scotland. She was a great-great-great-great-niece of the Margaret ...more