In his seminal tome The Art of War, Chinese author Sun Tzu laid out the basic tenets of winning any conflict. At the top of Sun Tzu's list was the delicate but powerful art of deception. Misleading the enemy through camouflage, troop maneuvers, disinformation, or any other means can lead your opponents to believe that you're not where you say you are, or even who you say you are.
Almost all successful defense tactics and strategies involve some degree of deception, a concept which most people learn early in life. If you've ever heard the old axioms, "surprise is your best weapon" or "keep your cards close to your chest," then you've already got some rudimentary education on the importance of deception in battle.
This list contains some of the greatest deceptions in military history. These truly groundbreaking, history-making moments managed to turn probable loss into crushing victory. Without a doubt, almost every grand-scale conflict in the history of human civilization contains at least a few great deceptions, but this particular set of well-crafted lies really changed the world.
Vote up the greatest deceptions in military history below.
- 1461 VOTES
Cannae, 216 B.C. – Hannibal
- 2364 VOTES
Lake Trasimene, 217 B.C. – Hannibal
- 3362 VOTES
D-Day Landing at Normandy, 1944 – Allies
- 4247 VOTES
Battle of the Hydaspes, 326 B.C. – Alexander the Great
- 5188 VOTES
Battle of the Kalka River, 1223 A.D. – Ghengis Khan
- 6244 VOTES
The Valley Campaign, 1862 – Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson