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List of Famous Edinburgh Buildings & Structures

Updated June 14, 2019 23.9k views31 items

List of the famous landmarks that make up the Edinburgh skyline, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Edinburgh architectural landmarks as well as other major buildings, dwellings, and other structures in Edinburgh are included on this list. Information about these Edinburgh buildings is included on this list, such as when the building first opened and what architectural style it falls under. List includes both new buildings in Edinburgh and older historic landmarks.

Edinburgh Castle and Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art are included in this list.

This list answers the question, "What are the most famous buildings in Edinburgh?"

This is a good reference for research into the historical architecture in Edinburgh. Famous architectural houses within the city of Edinburgh are included as well, sometimes by address, other times listed by the name of the original home owner.
  • The Balmoral is a luxury five-star hotel and landmark in Edinburgh, Scotland, known as the North British Hotel until the late 1980s. It is located in the heart of the city at the east end of Princes Street, the main shopping street beneath the Edinburgh Castle rock, and the southern edge of the New Town....  more
    • City/Town: United Kingdom
  • Bute House is the official residence of the First Minister of Scotland. Located at 6 Charlotte Square in the New Town, Edinburgh, it is the central house on the north side of the square, and was designed by Robert Adam. The four storey house contains the Cabinet Room, offices and conference, reception, sitting and dining rooms where the First Minister works, and where Scottish Government ministers, official visitors and guests are received and entertained. The second and third floors contain the private residence of the First Minister. Bute House was conveyed to the National Trust for Scotland by the Marquess of Bute in 1966. Between 1970 and 1999 it served as the official residence of the...  more
    • City/Town: United Kingdom
    • Architect: Robert Adam
    • Created By: Robert Adam
  • The City Observatory is an astronomical observatory on Calton Hill in Edinburgh, Scotland. It is also known as the Calton Hill Observatory. The site is enclosed by a boundary wall with a monument to John Playfair, president of the Edinburgh Astronomical Institution, in the southeast corner. The oldest part is the Gothic Tower in the southwest corner, facing Princes Street and Edinburgh Castle. It is also known as Observatory House, the Old Observatory, or after its designer James Craig House. The central building with the appearance of a Greek temple is the Playfair Building, named after the building's designer William Henry Playfair. This houses the 6-inch refractor in its dome and the...  more
    • City/Town: Edinburgh, Scotland
    • Architect: William Henry Playfair
    • Created By: William Henry Playfair
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    Craigiehall is a late-17th-century country house, which now serves as the Headquarters of the 2nd Division of the British Army. It is located close to Cramond, around 9 km west of central Edinburgh, Scotland. Craigiehall was designed by Sir William Bruce, with input from James Smith, and completed in 1699 for the Earl of Annandale, who had recently acquired the Craigie estate through marriage. It is a good surviving example of one of Bruce's smaller houses, and set a pattern for such villas in the Edinburgh area for the 18th century. It was later the home of Charles Hope-Weir, who made several improvements to the estate policies. Craigiehall was extended several times, before being sold to...  more
    • City/Town: United Kingdom
    • Opened: Jan 01 1699
    • Architect: William Bruce
    • Created By: William Bruce