Environment
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Environmental Lawsuits

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List of environmental lawsuits that concern the well-being of an environmental asset, like water or air, or lawsuits with environmental relevance, in which a non-environmental entity was in a dispute that had relevance for a specific environmental asset. This list of environmental law cases spans several centuries and lawsuits all over the world. The most popular common subjects of eco lawsuits include water, wildlife, and land pollution, protection, and access rights. Environmental laws can be complicated as environmental assets can impact more than just the jurisdictions in which they lay. Water, oil, air, and forest and coastlands are frequently in dispute as private citizens, local communities, special interest groups, and the federal government debate how to treat them.
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  • 1

    Alaska Dept. of Environmental Conservation v. EPA

    2004 - Air: authority to overrule state decisions about technology, US
  • 2

    Aldred's Case

    1610 - Aesthetics: smell from pig sty
  • 3

    Amchem Products Inc. v. British Columbia Worker's Compensation Board

    1993 - Workplace: asbestos, Supreme Court of Canada
  • 4

    American Elec. Power Co. v. Connecticut

    2011 - Climate: greenhouse gas emissions, US
  • 5

    Anderson v. Cryovac

    Water: toxic contamination
  • 6

    Baltimore Gas & Elec. Co. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.

    1983 - General environment: production and disposal of nuclear fuel, US
  • 7

    Burmah Oil Co. v Lord Advocate

    1965 - Oil fields: destruction during World War II, Scotland
  • 8

    Cardwell v. American Bridge Co.

    1885 - Waterways: common highways, US
  • Castlemaine Tooheys Ltd v South Australia9
    1990 - Recycling: bottle deposit, Australia
  • 10

    Chemical Waste Management, Inc. v. Hunt

    1992 - Cleanliness: interstate importation fee for disposal of hazardous waste, US
  • Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.11

    Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.

    1984 - Air: emissions from new equipment and total emissions from plant, US
  • Citizens to Preserve Overton Park v. Volpe12

    Citizens to Preserve Overton Park v. Volpe

    1971 - Parkland: highway routing, US
  • City of Philadelphia v. New Jersey13

    City of Philadelphia v. New Jersey

    1978 - Cleanliness: interstate importation of waste, US
  • 14

    Coeur Alaska, Inc. v. Southeast Alaska Conservation Council

    2009 - Water: gold mine waste disposal in Lower Slate Lake, US
  • Colorado River Water Conservation District v. United States15
    1976 - Water: supply, US
  • Commonwealth v Tasmania16

    Commonwealth v Tasmania

    1983 - Water: hydroelectric dam on Gordon River, Australia
  • 17

    Department of Transportation v. Public Citizen

    2004 - Air: pollution from international transport, US
  • Dolan v. City of Tigard18

    Dolan v. City of Tigard

    1994 - Land: paving a parking lot, and providing a greenway and a pedestrian and bicycle pathway, US
  • Duke Power Co. v. Carolina Environmental Study Group19

    Duke Power Co. v. Carolina Environmental Study Group

    1978 - Workplace: nuclear accidents, US
  • 20

    Edwards v. National Coal Board

    1949 - Land: preventing accidental rock fall in coal mine
  • 21

    Entergy v. Riverkeeper

    2009 - Water: cooling water intakes for power plants, US
  • 22

    Environment Agency v Clark

    Land: compliance with landfill licence terms
  • Exxon Shipping Co. v. Baker23

    Exxon Shipping Co. v. Baker

    2008 - Water and land: compensation for victims of oil spill, US
  • 24

    Federal Power Commission v. Tuscarora Indian Nation

    1960 - Water: hydroelectric power from Niagara Falls, US
  • Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc.25

    Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc.

    2000 - Water: industrial pollution of North Tyger River, US