The lost city of Atlantis was first mentioned in Plato’s dialogues, Timaeus and Critias. What happened to Atlantis, if it existed at all, remains a mystery. According to Plato, the island nation existed close to 10,000 B.C. Its inhabitants supposedly created an advanced utopian society, but they flew too close to the sun and were ultimately punished by the wrath of angry gods. Many speculate, however, that Atlantis is simply a myth, an allegory created by Plato based on massive floods or destruction in the past.
Legend has it that the technologically advanced city sank into the sea and was lost in time for thousands of years. In the 19th century, the notion that Atlantis was an actual city became popular, and scientists and archeologists alike became determined to find it. Whether or not you believe Atlantis existed, the theories about it's possible location are pretty fascinating.
Stone Anchors In Gibraltar May Be Remnants Of An Atlantis PortPhoto: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons
Plato claimed that Atlantis was located at the "Pillars of Hercules,” which is the ancient name for an area near the Strait of Gibraltar. The James Cameron-produced documentary Atlantis Rising showed ancient anchors discovered in the Strait of Gibraltar, which could be evidence of an Atlantis port. “If we found six on a few dives, there must be thousands out there, confirming Plato's account of a port just past the Pillars of Hercules,” said the documentary filmmaker, Simcha Jacobovici.
Rock Etchings In Southern Spain Show People Fleeing From A FloodPhoto: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons
In Atlantis Rising, Georgeos Diaz-Montexano claims that some inhabitants of Atlantis were able to flee onto the Iberian Peninsula and settle into what is now known as Campanario, Spain. Rock carvings found on a site in Campanario show images of boats and horses being overcome by waves. Other features of the rock etchings, such as the concentric circular structure of the illustrated city, are consistent with Plato’s telling of Atlantis.
A Professor Discovered Memorial Cities
Professor Richard Freund, while working on a documentary for National Geographic, traveled to Andalusia and discovered evidence of Atlantis within the marshlands of Doñana National Park. The team found memorial cities built by residents of Atlantis who possibly fled inland after disaster struck the city. Freund and his students speculate that Atlantis was destroyed by a tsunami based on studies published by researchers. However, those same researchers have dismissed Freunds conclusions, stating that he misconstrued their work.
Antarctia Could Have Hosted Atlantis
Based on a theory called Earth Crustal Displacement, a civilization may have existed in Antarctica near the Ross Ice Shelf before the Ice Age. The Piri Res map, a very rough outline of the world compiled in 1513 by an Ottoman admiral and cartographer, is proof to some that Antarctica was free of ice at the time of the map's creation. Many say the belief relies on pseudoscience.
The Earth Crustal Displacement theory posits that the continent could have shifted so far from its original location that although it may have originally been near ancient Greece, what was formerly Atlantis is now buried beneath ice in Antarctica.