Mount Vesuvius was responsible for the destruction of the city of Pompeii in 79 AD. Nearly everyone has heard one story or another about arguably the most well-known volcanic eruption in history, but how many of you know what really happened on that fateful day in Pompeii?
This mountain located on the west coast of Italy is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, but the Vesuvius eruption is just one part of the story of the Italian city. How much do you know about daily life before the eruption of Mount Vesuvius? Hopefully, these facts about Pompeii will shed some light on one of the most famous ancient catastrophes in recorded history, as well as the vibrant society that preceded it.
The Ash Didn't Kill Everyone; The Heat Did
The estimates as to how many people were killed in Pompeii vary greatly, and the number has been a topic of debate among historians for decades. Regardless of how many people actually perished, it seems that we were wrong in our belief that most of the victims died of suffocation from the ash in the air.
New studies suggest that most died instantly from the extreme heat. According to Italian scientists, residents of Pompeii may have been exposed to temperatures well over 1,000 degrees.
People Tried To Create Makeshift Masks To Save Themselves
Although the story of Pompeii is rife with tragic elements, perhaps one of the saddest things archeologists discovered is that the citizens tried to save themselves using their tunics as makeshift masks. In the 1990s, when they uncovered many of the remains, archeologists noticed that a number of the bodies had their tunics pulled up around their mouths in an attempt to ward off the unbelievably thick, smoky, and sulfurous air. Unfortunately, the extreme temperatures made this attempt futile.
Graffiti Was A Trend In Pompeii
If you think graffiti is a modern invention, think again. Even today, visitors can see the vast amount of well-preserved graffiti in Pompeii (and other, more explicit wall paintings), which gives us insight into the local society at the time. Among others, you can see graffiti on the wall of a brothel that reads, “Myrtis, you suck well.” Way to keep it classy, ancient humans.
The Frescoes On The Walls Reveal A Lot About Pompeian Culture
Although very few written sources exist documenting pre-eruption Pompeii, the detailed frescoes on walls inside the city – which are incredibly well-preserved – tell us a lot about what Pompeian society might've been like, according to historians. For example, there's a major difference in the skin tones of men and women in the paintings; men are golden bronzed, and women appear in alabaster tones, gilded with jewelry and surrounded by fine furnishings.
According to the scholars who studied the frescoes, this indicates that women of Pompeii demonstrated higher rank by cultivating pale skin, which showed they didn't need to go outdoors during the day.