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12 Famous People Who Made History While Being Totally Hammered

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There have been a lot of famous drunks throughout history, but who were the biggest drunks in history? The legendary, world-famous alcoholics that took things to another level? It’s not just about the quantity of booze they imbibed, either - the most famous drunks from history were famous because of what drinking (allegedly) allowed them to do, or what they did despite being slightly buzzed - or totally hammered - most of their waking hours.

Famous drunks have won wars, ruled nations, written masterpieces, and yeah, they’ve also totally embarrassed themselves and everyone that loves them. These people aren’t necessarily worth emulating, true, but there are some lessons to be learned here. Read on to learn about some of the most famous drunks from throughout history.

  • Ulysses S. Grant's Alcoholism Won the Civil War
    Photo: Brady-Handy Photograph Collection (Library of Congress) / via Wikipedia

    Union General and later President Ulysses S. Grant might just be history’s most highly-functioning high-functioning alcoholic. It wasn’t always so: during the Mexican War in 1854, Grant resigned from the Army before he could be tried for being “too much under the influence of liquor to properly perform his duties.”

    But Professor Lyle Dorsett of Wheaton College argues that his continued alcoholism - his “escape hatch from his troubles” - when he re-enlisted in 1861 actually made him “the great military leader President Lincoln so desperately needed” to win the Civil War. Grant’s alcoholism, Dorsett argues, allowed him to “brush aside caution” because “he had absolutely nothing to lose.”

    That said, Grant wasn’t wildly irresponsible - one historian says his benders were “a release, but a controlled one, like the ignition of a gas flare above a high-pressure oil well.”  

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  • Ernest Hemingway's Liver Was Literally Sticking Out
    Photo: Toronto History / Flickr

    Author and world-class drinker Ernest Hemingway was least productive when he was drinking the most. In the summer of 1953, eight years before his suicide and one year after Old Man and the Sea, his final novel published in his lifetime - Hemingway was drinking “two or three bottles of liquor a day, as well as wine with meals” while living in East Africa. A ranger with the Kenya Game Department, Denis Zaphiro, says that drinking made Hemingway “merrier, more lovable, more bull-sh*tty. Without drink he was morose, silent and depressed.”

    Unsurprisingly, liver problems haunted Hemingway; fellow author George Plimpton said throughout the '50s, you could “see the bulge of [Hemingway’s kidney] stand out from his body like a long fat leech.”

    As early as 1935, the man whose legendary drinking helped make the mojito famous in America - despite there being no proof he ever drank them - wrote to his friend Ivan Kashkin about alcohol’s allure:

    I have drunk since I was fifteen and few things have given me more pleasure. When you work hard all day with your head and know you must work again the next day what else can change your ideas and make them run on a different plane like whisky?

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  • Boris Yeltsin Got So Drunk He Thought He Could Conduct an Orchestra
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain

    Former Russian President Boris Yeltsin is definitely the most publicly drunk world leader of the modern era, with stories of his benders making headlines worldwide. In 1994, he “snapped” and snatched a baton out of the hand of a conductor of a military orchestra in Berlin and began “conducting” them himself. He later wrote that “the weight would lift after a few shot glasses” and “in that sense of lightness, I felt as if I could conduct an orchestra.” (We’ve all been there, right?)

    In 1995, Bill Clinton says Yeltsin, staying in DC at the Blair House, was discovered drunk, in his underwear, hailing a cab on Pennsylvania Ave. Clinton said he told Secret Service agents we just wanted a pizza. (We’ve all been there, right?)

    The stories go on and on, including a Champagne-inspired rant at an event in Stockholm in 1997 about how Swedish meatballs reminded him of tennis star Bjorn Borg’s face. (You’re on your own on that one, Boris.)

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  • Vincent van Gogh Spent All Day in the Sun Drinking Absinthe on an Empty Stomach
    Photo: Vincent van Gogh / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain

    Famous penniless and earless painter Vincent van Gogh was not only a heavy drinker, he was a heavy drinker of absinthe, “the Cocaine of the Nineteenth Century.” We know this because Vincent wrote copious letters to his brother Theo about his alcoholism and his absinthism, a condition brought on by imbibing too much of absinthe’s toxic thujone that can cause severe stomach problems and a “marked deterioration of the nervous system.”

    To make matters worse, van Gogh’s friend Anton Kerssemakers says that the artist ate very little, but always drank while he was painting. Another friend and artist, Paul Signac, said that what “[van Gogh] drank was always too much... after spending all day in the sun [painting]... the absinthes and the brandies would follow each other in quick succession.”

    Signac even once had to stop van Gogh from drinking turpentine, a bizarre compulsion that might have been a side effect of his absinthism.

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