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Famous Anthropologists from the United States

Updated October 13, 2018 3.9k views403 items

List of notable or famous anthropologists from the United States, with bios and photos, including the top anthropologists born in the United States and even some popular anthropologists who immigrated to the United States. If you're trying to find out the names of famous American anthropologists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These anthropologists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known anthropologist from the United States is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of many different people, including Yvette Mimieux and Dian Fossey.

This historic anthropologists from the United States list can help answer the questions "Who are some American anthropologists of note?" and "Who are the most famous anthropologists from the United States?" These prominent anthropologists of the United States may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected American anthropologists.

Use this list of renowned American anthropologists to discover some new anthropologists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
  • Yvette Mimieux1

    BirthplaceLos Angeles, California, United States of America

    Yvette Mimieux (born January 8, 1942) is a retired American movie and television actress....  more

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  • Dian Fossey2

    Dian Fossey

    Dec. at 53 (1932-1985)

    BirthplaceCalifornia, United States of America

    Dian Fossey (; January 16, 1932 – c. December 26, 1985) was an American primatologist and...  more

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    #378 of 753 People We Wish Were Still Alive#4 of 14 Scientists Who Accidentally Paid for Their Research with Their Lives

  • Zora Neale Hurston3

    Zora Neale Hurston

    Dec. at 69 (1891-1960)

    BirthplaceNotasulga, Alabama, United States of America

    Zora Neale Hurston (January 7, 1891 – January 28, 1960) was an influential author of...  more

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    #6 of 13 Famous African American Women Who Are Republican#969 of 1,172 The Best Writers of All Time

  • Carlos Castaneda4

    Carlos Castaneda

    Dec. at 73 (1925-1998)

    BirthplaceCajamarca, Peru

    Carlos Castaneda (December 25, 1925–April 27, 1998) was an American author. Starting with The...  more
  • Florinda Donner5

    BirthplaceAmberg, Germany

    Florinda Donner (originally Regine Margarita Thal, later Florinda Donner-Grau) is an American...  more

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  • Tobias Schneebaum6

    Tobias Schneebaum

    Dec. at 83 (1922-2005)

    BirthplaceManhattan, New York City, New York, United States of America

    Tobias Schneebaum (March 25, 1922 – September 20, 2005) was an American artist,...  more
  • R. H. Barlow7

    R. H. Barlow

    Dec. at 33 (1918-1951)

    BirthplaceLeavenworth, Kansas

    Robert Hayward Barlow (May 18, 1918 – January 1 or 2, 1951) was an American author,...  more
  • Henry Field8

    Henry Field

    Dec. at 84 (1902-1986)

    BirthplaceChicago, Illinois

    Henry Field was an American anthropologist and archaeologist. Henry Field was born in Chicago....  more
  • Jesse Fewkes9

    Jesse Fewkes

    Dec. at 80 (1850-1930)

    BirthplaceNewton, Massachusetts

    Jesse Walter Fewkes was an American anthropologist, archaeologist, writer and naturalist....  more
  • William Foote Whyte10

    William Foote Whyte

    Dec. at 86 (1914-2000)
    William Foote Whyte was a sociologist chiefly known for his ethnographic study in urban...  more
  • Jerald T. Milanich11
    Jerald T. Milanich is an American anthropologist and archaeologist, specializing in Native...  more
  • Edward Sapir12

    Edward Sapir

    Dec. at 55 (1884-1939)

    BirthplaceLębork, Poland

    Edward Sapir (; January 26, 1884 – February 4, 1939) was an American anthropologist-linguist,...  more
  • James Owen Dorsey13

    James Owen Dorsey

    Dec. at 47 (1848-1895)

    BirthplaceBaltimore, Maryland

    James Owen Dorsey was an American ethnologist, linguist, and Episcopalian missionary in the...  more
  • 14

    Robert Francis Murphy

    Dec. at 66 (1924-1990)

    BirthplaceFar Rockaway, New York City, New York

    Robert Francis Murphy was an American anthropologist and professor of anthropology at Columbia...  more
  • 15

    Erna Gunther

    Dec. at 86 (1896-1982)

    BirthplaceNew York City, New York

    Erna Gunther was an American anthropologist who taught for many years at the University of...  more
  • Clifford Geertz16

    Clifford Geertz

    Dec. at 80 (1926-2006)


    Clifford James Geertz ( (listen); August 23, 1926 – October 30, 2006) was an American...  more
  • 17
    Jane Ellen Buikstra is an American anthropologist and bioarchaeologist. She is credited with...  more
  • 18

    Livingston Farrand

    Dec. at 72 (1867-1939)

    BirthplaceNewark, New Jersey

    Livingston Farrand (June 14, 1867 – November 8, 1939) was an American physician,...  more
  • 19
    Dr. Timothy R. Pauketat is an “American Bottom” Mississippian-era archaeologist and professor...  more
  • 20
    Anne Allison is a professor of cultural anthropology at Duke University in the United States,...  more
  • Stuart Struever21

    BirthplaceLima, Illinois

    Stuart McKee Struever (born 1931) is an American archaeologist and anthropologist best known...  more
  • Ted Polhemus22

    BirthplaceNeptune Township, New Jersey

    Ted Polhemus is an American anthropologist, writer, and photographer who lives and works on...  more
  • 23

    BirthplaceOld Harbor, Alaska

    Sven Haakanson, Jr. (born 1967) (Alutiiq) is an American anthropologist who specializes in...  more
  • Frederick Starr24

    Frederick Starr

    Dec. at 75 (1858-1933)

    BirthplaceAuburn, New York

    Frederick Starr, aka Ofuda Hakushi in Japan, was an American academic, anthropologist, and...  more
  • 25

    BirthplaceNew York City, New York

    Scott Atran (born February 6, 1952) is an American-French cultural anthropologist who is...  more