American People

Famous Archaeologists from the United States

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Updated October 13, 2018 5.2k views 179 items

List of notable or famous archaeologists from the United States, with bios and photos, including the top archaeologists born in the United States and even some popular archaeologists who immigrated to the United States. If you're trying to find out the names of famous American archaeologists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These archaeologists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known archaeologist from the United States is included when available.

List is made up of a variety of people, including Thomas Jefferson and Stuart Struever.

This historic archaeologists from the United States list can help answer the questions "Who are some American archaeologists of note?" and "Who are the most famous archaeologists from the United States?" These prominent archaeologists of the United States may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected American archaeologists.

Use this list of renowned American archaeologists to discover some new archaeologists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (179 items)
1
Thomas Jefferson is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 83 (1743-1826)

Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States of America

Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States. He was a spokesman for democracy, and ...more

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2
Jesse Fewkes is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 80 (1850-1930)

Birthplace: Newton, Massachusetts

Jesse Walter Fewkes was an American anthropologist, archaeologist, writer and naturalist.
3
Jerald T. Milanich is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Jerald T. Milanich is an American anthropologist and archaeologist, specializing in Native American culture in Florida. He is Curator Emeritus of Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural ...more
4
Ignace Gelb is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 78 (1907-1985)

Birthplace: Tarnów, Poland

Ignace Jay Gelb was a Polish-American ancient historian and Assyriologist who pioneered the scientific study of writing systems.
5
Randall Price is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
J. Randall Price is a theologian, archaeologist, and research author who is founder and President of World of the Bible Ministries.
6
Alpheus Hyatt Verrill is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 83 (1871-1954)

Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut

Alpheus Hyatt Verrill, known as Hyatt Verrill, (23 July 1871 – 14 November 1954) was an American zoologist, explorer, inventor, illustrator and author. He was the son of Addison Emery Verrill, ...more
7
Timothy Pauketat is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dr. Timothy R. Pauketat is an “American Bottom” Mississippian-era archaeologist and professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana. He is best known for his ...more
8
Stuart Struever is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Age: 87

Birthplace: Lima, Illinois

Stuart McKee Struever (born 1931) is an American archaeologist and anthropologist best known for his contributions to the archaeology of the Woodland Period in the US midwest and for his ...more
9
Doris Stone is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Doris Stone Dec. at 85 (1909-1994)
Doris Zemurray Stone was an archaeologist and ethnographer, specializing in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and the so-called "Intermediate Area" of lower Central America. She served as the ...more
10
Walter Miller is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Walter Miller Dec. at 85 (1864-1949)
Samuel Walter Miller, LL. D., Litt. D. was an American linguist, Classics scholar and archaeologist responsible for the first American excavation in Greece and a founder of the Stanford ...more
11
Mark Lehner is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Mark Lehner is an American archaeologist with more than 30 years of experience excavating in Egypt. His approach, as director of Ancient Egypt Research Associates, is to conduct ...more
12
Frederick Webb Hodge is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Frederick Webb Hodge Dec. at 92 (1864-1956)

Birthplace: Plymouth, United Kingdom

Frederick W. Hodge was an editor, anthropologist, archaeologist, and historian.
13
James Alfred Ford is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
James Alfred Ford Dec. at 57 (1911-1968)
James Alfred Ford was an American archaeologist. He was born in Water Valley, Mississippi, on February 12, 1911. He became interested in work on Native American mound research while growing up ...more
14
Alfred L. Kroeber is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 84 (1876-1960)

Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey

Alfred Louis Kroeber (June 11, 1876 – October 5, 1960) was an American cultural anthropologist. He received his PhD under Franz Boas at Columbia University in 1901, the first doctorate in ...more
15
Oscar White Muscarella ... is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Age: 88

Birthplace: New York City, New York

Oscar White Muscarella (born 1931) is an American archaeologist and former Senior Research Fellow at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where he worked for over 40 years before retiring in 2009. He ...more
16
Lewis Binford is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 80 (1931-2011)

Birthplace: Virginia

Lewis Roberts Binford (November 21, 1931 – April 11, 2011) was an American archaeologist known for his influential work in archaeological theory, ethnoarchaeology and the Paleolithic period. He ...more
17
James Henry Breasted is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 70 (1865-1935)

Birthplace: Rockford, Illinois

James Henry Breasted (; August 27, 1865 – December 2, 1935) was an American archaeologist, Egyptologist, and historian. After completing his PhD at the University of Berlin in 1894, he joined ...more
18
Walter B. Jones is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 82 (1895-1977)

Birthplace: Alabama

Walter Bryan Jones, Ph.D. (1895–1977) was an American geologist and archaeologist. Born in Alabama, Jones earned his Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Alabama and his doctorate ...more
19
William F. Albright is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 80 (1891-1971)

Birthplace: Coquimbo, Chile

William Foxwell Albright (May 24, 1891 – September 19, 1971) was an American archaeologist, biblical scholar, philologist, and expert on ceramics.
20
Robert John Braidwood is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 96 (1907-2003)

Birthplace: Detroit, Michigan

Robert John Braidwood (29 July 1907 – 15 January 2003) was an American archaeologist and anthropologist, one of the founders of scientific archaeology, and a leader in the field of Near Eastern ...more
21
William Henry Holmes is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 87 (1846-1933)

Birthplace: Ohio

William Henry Holmes (December 1, 1846 – April 20, 1933) — known as W.H. Holmes — was an American explorer, anthropologist, archaeologist, artist, scientific illustrator, cartographer, mountain ...more
22
Sylvanus Morley is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 65 (1883-1948)

Birthplace: Chester, Pennsylvania

Sylvanus Griswold Morley (June 7, 1883 – September 2, 1948) was an American archaeologist, epigrapher, and Mayanist scholar who made significant contributions toward the study of the ...more
23
Arthur Demarest is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Arthur Andrew Demarest is an American anthropologist and archaeologist, known for his studies of the Maya civilization.
24
Edgar Lee Hewett is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 81 (1865-1946)

Birthplace: Illinois

Edgar Lee Hewett (November 23, 1865 – December 31, 1946) was an American archaeologist and anthropologist whose focus was the Native American communities of New Mexico and the southwestern ...more
25
Zelia Nuttall is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Archaeologists from the United States
Dec. at 76 (1857-1933)

Birthplace: California

Zelia Maria Magdalena Nuttall (6 September 1857, San Francisco – 12 April 1933, Coyoacán, Mexico) was an American archaeologist and anthropologist specialised in pre-Aztec Mexican ...more