Famous Artists from France

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List of the most popular artists from France, listed alphabetically with photos when available. For centuries artists have been among the world's most important people, helping chronicle history and keep us entertained with one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Whether they're known for painting, sculpting, etching or drawing, the famous French artists on this list have kept that tradition alive by creating renowned pieces of art that have been praised around the world. You can find useful information below about these notable French artists, such as when they were born and where their place of birth was.

This list has a variety of artists in it, from Pauline Auzou to Jacques Monory.

This list answers the questions, "Which famous artists are from France?" and "Who are the most well-known French artists?"

For further information on these historic French artists, click on their names. If you're a fine art lover use this list of celebrated French artists to discover some new paintings that you will enjoy.
Roger de La Fresnaye is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Artists from France
Roger de La Fresnaye The Conquest of the Air
Roger de La Fresnaye was a French cubist painter.
Marcel Duchamp is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Artists from France
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2, La Boîte-en-valise (Box in a Suitcase)
Marcel Duchamp was a French, naturalized American painter, sculptor, chess player, and writer whose work is associated with Dadaism and conceptual art, although careful about his use of the term ...more
Hans Bellmer is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Artists from France
The Machine Gun(neress) in a State of Grace, La Poupee, The Doll
Hans Bellmer was a German artist, best known for the life-sized pubescent female dolls he produced in the mid-1930s. Historians of art and photography also consider him a Surrealist
Fernand Léger is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Artists from France
The Baluster, Woman with a Book, Three Women
Joseph Fernand Henri Léger was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, ...more
Paul Cézanne is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Artists from France
The Basket of Apples, The Large Bathers, Still Life with Apples
Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and ...more
Yves Klein is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Artists from France
Anthropometry: Princess Helena, Untitled (ANT154), IKB74
Yves Klein was a French artist considered an important figure in post-war European art. He is the leading member of the French artistic movement of Nouveau réalisme founded in 1960 by art ...more
Pierre-Auguste Renoir is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Artists from France
Bal du moulin de la Galette, Pont Neuf, Paris
Working closely with Paul Cezanne, Edgar Degas, and other artists, he helped shape the Impressionism movement.
Jean Metzinger is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Artists from France
L'Oiseau bleu, Femme assise (Woman with Book), Landscape
Jean Dominique Antony Metzinger was a major 20th-century French painter, theorist, writer, critic and poet, who along with Albert Gleizes, developed the theoretical foundations of Cubism. His ...more
Georges Braque is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Artists from France
Woman with a Guitar, Still Life with a Bottle, Violin and Candlestick
Georges Braque was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most important contributions to the history of art were in his alliance with Fauvism ...more
Robert Delaunay is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Artists from France
Simultaneous Contrasts: Sun and Moon, The Three Windows, the Tower and the Wheel
Robert Delaunay was a French artist who, with his wife Sonia Delaunay and others, cofounded the Orphism art movement, noted for its use of strong colours and geometric shapes. His later works ...more
André Lhote is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Artists from France
Port de Bordeaux
André Lhote was a French sculptor and painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes and still life. He was also very active and influential as a teacher and writer on art.
Auguste Herbin is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Artists from France
Auguste Herbin was a French painter of modern art. He is best known for his abstract paintings consisting of colorful geometric figures. He co-founded the groups Abstraction-Création and ...more
Henri Matisse is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Artists from France
Woman with a Hat, Blue Nude II, Les toits de Collioure
Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known ...more
Claude Monet is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Artists from France
Water Lilies, The Japanese Footbridge and the Water Lily Pool, Giverny
Oscar-Claude Monet was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, ...more
Jean Cocteau is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Artists from France
Marianne, Harlequin, Les Trois Yeux
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau was a French writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker. Cocteau is best known for his novel Les Enfants Terribles, and the films Blood ...more
Victor Vasarely is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Artists from France
Folklore planetaire, Granat, Hommage à l'Hexagone
Victor Vasarely, was a Hungarian–French artist, who is widely accepted as a "grandfather" and leader of the short-lived op art movement. His work entitled Zebra, created in the 1930s, ...more
Marc Chagall is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Artists from France
I and the Village, White Crucifixion, The Circus Rider
Marc Zakharovich Chagall was a Russian-French artist. Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as "the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century". An early modernist, ...more
Edgar Degas is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Artists from France
Little Dancer of Fourteen Years, Ballet Rehearsal, Arabesque
Edgar Degas was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He ...more
Francis Picabia is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Artists from France
Portrait of a Couple, "M'Amenez-y", I See Again in Memory My Dear Udnie
Francis Picabia was a French avant-garde painter, poet and typographist. After experimenting with Impressionism and Pointillism, Picabia became associated with Cubism. His highly abstract planar ...more
Gustave Doré is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Artists from France
The Creation of Light, The Deluge, The defenestration of Jezebel at Jezreel
Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator and sculptor. Doré worked primarily with wood engraving.
Hans Hartung is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Artists from France
T1974- E10, T 1966–H36, T1989-A1 38-0
Hans Hartung was a German-French painter, known for his gestural abstract style. He was also a decorated World War II veteran of the French Foreign Legion.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Artists from France
At the Moulin Rouge, The Hangover, Maxime Dethomas at the Bal de l'Opera
Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and ...more
Jacques Villon is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Artists from France
Large Mowing Machine with Horses, Title Unknown (Musical Instruments)
Jacques Villon was a French cubist painter and printmaker.
Natalia Goncharova is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Artists from France
Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde artist, painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer. Her great-aunt was Nataliya Nikolaevna Goncharova, wife of the ...more
Benjamin Péret is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Artists from France
Benjamin Péret
Benjamin Péret was a French poet, Parisian Dadaist and a founder and central member of the French Surrealist movement with his avid use of Surrealist automatism.