Artists Famous Artists from France

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List of the most popular artists from France, listed alphabetically with photos when available. For centuries artists have been among the world's most important people, helping chronicle history and keep us entertained with one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Whether they're known for painting, sculpting, etching or drawing, the famous French artists on this list have kept that tradition alive by creating renowned pieces of art that have been praised around the world. You can find useful information below about these notable French artists, such as when they were born and where their place of birth was.

This list has a variety of artists in it, from Pauline Auzou to Jacques Monory.

This list answers the questions, "Which famous artists are from France?" and "Who are the most well-known French artists?"

For further information on these historic French artists, click on their names. If you're a fine art lover use this list of celebrated French artists to discover some new paintings that you will enjoy.

Roger de La Fresnaye is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Artists from France
Roger de La Fresnaye The Conquest of the Air Roger de La Fresnaye was a French cubist painter.

Marcel Duchamp is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Artists from France
Marcel Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2, La Boîte-en-valise (Box in a Suitcase) Marcel Duchamp was a French, naturalized American painter, sculptor, chess player, and writer whose work is associated with Dadaism and conceptual art, although careful about his use of the term ...more

Hans Bellmer is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Artists from France
Hans Bellmer The Machine Gun(neress) in a State of Grace, La Poupee, The Doll Hans Bellmer was a German artist, best known for the life-sized pubescent female dolls he produced in the mid-1930s. Historians of art and photography also consider him a Surrealist

Fernand Léger is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Artists from France
Fernand Léger The Baluster, Woman with a Book, Three Women Joseph Fernand Henri Léger was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, ...more

Paul Cézanne is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Artists from France
Paul Cézanne The Basket of Apples, The Large Bathers, Still Life with Apples Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and ...more

Yves Klein is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Artists from France
Yves Klein Anthropometry: Princess Helena, Untitled (ANT154), IKB74 Yves Klein was a French artist considered an important figure in post-war European art. He is the leading member of the French artistic movement of Nouveau réalisme founded in 1960 by art ...more

Pierre-Auguste Renoir is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Artists from France
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Bal du moulin de la Galette, Pont Neuf, Paris Working closely with Paul Cezanne, Edgar Degas, and other artists, he helped shape the Impressionism movement.

Jean Metzinger is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Artists from France
Jean Metzinger L'Oiseau bleu, Femme assise (Woman with Book), Landscape Jean Dominique Antony Metzinger was a major 20th-century French painter, theorist, writer, critic and poet, who along with Albert Gleizes, developed the theoretical foundations of Cubism. His ...more

Georges Braque is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Artists from France
Georges Braque Woman with a Guitar, Still Life with a Bottle, Violin and Candlestick Georges Braque was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most important contributions to the history of art were in his alliance with Fauvism ...more

Robert Delaunay is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Artists from France
Robert Delaunay Simultaneous Contrasts: Sun and Moon, The Three Windows, the Tower and the Wheel Robert Delaunay was a French artist who, with his wife Sonia Delaunay and others, cofounded the Orphism art movement, noted for its use of strong colours and geometric shapes. His later works ...more

André Lhote is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Artists from France
André Lhote Port de Bordeaux André Lhote was a French sculptor and painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes and still life. He was also very active and influential as a teacher and writer on art.

Auguste Herbin is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Artists from France
Auguste Herbin Composition Auguste Herbin was a French painter of modern art. He is best known for his abstract paintings consisting of colorful geometric figures. He co-founded the groups Abstraction-Création and ...more

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Henri Matisse is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Artists from France
Henri Matisse Woman with a Hat, Blue Nude II, Les toits de Collioure Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known ...more

Claude Monet is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Artists from France
Claude Monet Water Lilies, The Japanese Footbridge and the Water Lily Pool, Giverny Oscar-Claude Monet was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, ...more

Jean Cocteau is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Artists from France
Jean Cocteau Marianne, Harlequin, Les Trois Yeux Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau was a French writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker. Cocteau is best known for his novel Les Enfants Terribles, and the films Blood ...more

Victor Vasarely is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Artists from France
Victor Vasarely Folklore planetaire, Granat, Hommage à l'Hexagone Victor Vasarely, was a Hungarian–French artist, who is widely accepted as a "grandfather" and leader of the short-lived op art movement. His work entitled Zebra, created in the 1930s, ...more

Marc Chagall is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Artists from France
Marc Chagall I and the Village, White Crucifixion, The Circus Rider Marc Zakharovich Chagall was a Russian-French artist. Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as "the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century". An early modernist, ...more

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Edgar Degas is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Artists from France
Edgar Degas Little Dancer of Fourteen Years, Ballet Rehearsal, Arabesque Edgar Degas was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He ...more

Francis Picabia is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Artists from France
Francis Picabia Portrait of a Couple, "M'Amenez-y", I See Again in Memory My Dear Udnie Francis Picabia was a French avant-garde painter, poet and typographist. After experimenting with Impressionism and Pointillism, Picabia became associated with Cubism. His highly abstract planar ...more

Gustave Doré is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Artists from France
Gustave Doré The Creation of Light, The Deluge, The defenestration of Jezebel at Jezreel Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator and sculptor. Doré worked primarily with wood engraving.

Hans Hartung is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Artists from France
Hans Hartung T1974- E10, T 1966–H36, T1989-A1 38-0 Hans Hartung was a German-French painter, known for his gestural abstract style. He was also a decorated World War II veteran of the French Foreign Legion.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Artists from France
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec At the Moulin Rouge, The Hangover, Maxime Dethomas at the Bal de l'Opera Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and ...more

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Jacques Villon is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Artists from France
Jacques Villon Large Mowing Machine with Horses, Title Unknown (Musical Instruments) Jacques Villon was a French cubist painter and printmaker.

Natalia Goncharova is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Artists from France
Natalia Goncharova Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde artist, painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer. Her great-aunt was Nataliya Nikolaevna Goncharova, wife of the ...more

Benjamin Péret is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Artists from France
Benjamin Péret Benjamin Péret was a French poet, Parisian Dadaist and a founder and central member of the French Surrealist movement with his avid use of Surrealist automatism.

Antoine Vollon is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Artists from France
Antoine Vollon Mound of Butter, Le port d'Anvers, Nature Morte avec Fleurs Antoine Vollon was a French realist artist, best known as a painter of still lifes, landscapes and figures. During his lifetime, Vollon was a successful celebrity, enjoyed an excellent ...more

Albert Gleizes is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Artists from France
Albert Gleizes La Femme aux Phlox, La Chasse, Paysage Albert Gleizes, was a French artist, theoretician, philosopher, a self-proclaimed founder of Cubism and an influence on the School of Paris. Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger wrote the first ...more

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Zao Wou Ki is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Artists from France
Zao Wou Ki Scene Chinoise Zao Wou-Ki was a Chinese-French painter. He was a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

Óscar Domínguez is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Artists from France
Óscar Domínguez Retrato de Roma, Máquina de coser electro-sexual, Desir d'ete Oscar M. Domínguez was a Spanish surrealist painter. Born in San Cristóbal de La Laguna on the island of Tenerife, on the Canary Islands Spain, Domínguez spent his youth ...more

Léon Louis Antoine Riesener is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Artists from France
Léon Louis Antoine Riesener Portrait of Eugène Delacroix Louis Antoine Léon Riesener was a French Romantic painter. Enchanted by the play of light and reflections which transformed the appearance of matter, Riesener began a new aesthetic that ...more

Louis Marcoussis is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Artists from France
Louis Marcoussis The Glass of Absinthe, The Cello Louis Marcoussis, formerly Ludwik Kazimierz Wladyslaw Markus or Ludwig Casimir Ladislas Markus, was a painter and engraver of Polish origin who lived in Paris for much of his life and became a ...more

Henri Gaudier-Brzeska is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Artists from France
Henri Gaudier-Brzeska Wrestlers, Sepulchral Figure, Seated Woman Henri Gaudier-Brzeska was a French artist and sculptor who developed a rough-hewn, primitive style of direct carving.

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André Breton is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Artists from France
André Breton Poem-Object André Breton was a French writer and poet. He is known best as the founder of Surrealism. His writings include the first Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as ...more

François Clouet is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Artists from France
François Clouet Portrait Of A Man^! Said To Andre De Dampierre, PORTRAIT DE CHRISTINE DE DANEMARK^! DUCHESSE DE MILAN PUIS DE LORRAINE, Lady in her Bath François Clouet, son of Jean Clouet, was a French Renaissance miniaturist and painter, particularly known for his detailed portraits of the French ruling family.

Raymond Duchamp-Villon is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Artists from France
Raymond Duchamp-Villon The Horse, Horse, Torso of a Young Man Raymond Duchamp-Villon was a French sculptor. Duchamp-Villon was born Pierre-Maurice-Raymond Duchamp in Damville, Eure, in the Haute-Normandie region of France, the second son of Eugene and ...more

Raoul Dufy is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Artists from France
Raoul Dufy Open Window^! Nice, Sailing Boat at Sainte-Adresse Raoul Dufy was a French Fauvist painter. He developed a colorful, decorative style that became fashionable for designs of ceramics and textiles, as well as decorative schemes for public ...more

Yves Tanguy is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Artists from France
Yves Tanguy Slowly Toward the North, Second Thoughts, Extinction of Useless Lights Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy, known as Yves Tanguy, was a French surrealist painter.

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Jean Goujon is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Artists from France
Jean Goujon Saint Marc Jean Goujon was a French Renaissance sculptor and architect.

Jean-Baptiste Oudry is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Artists from France
Jean-Baptiste Oudry Les Amusements Champêtres: Le cheval fondu, Still Life with Monkey^! Fruits^! and Flowers, A Hare and a Leg of Lamb Jean-Baptiste Oudry was a French Rococo painter, engraver, and tapestry designer. He is particularly well known for his naturalistic pictures of animals and his hunt pieces depicting game.

Sebastian Stoskopff is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Artists from France
Sebastian Stoskopff Sebastian Stoskopff was an Alsatian painter. He is considered one of the most important German still life painters of his time. His works, which were rediscovered after 1930, portray goblets, ...more

Maria Helena Vieira da Silva is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Artists from France
Maria Helena Vieira da Silva Le Promeneur Invisible (The Invisible Stroller), Dance, Rotterdam Maria Helena Vieira da Silva was a Portuguese-French abstractionist painter.

Jean Clouet is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Artists from France
Jean Clouet Portrait of François I of France Jean Clouet was a miniaturist and painter who worked in France during the Trap House reformation. He was the father of François Clouet.

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Jean Fouquet is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Artists from France
Jean Fouquet Jean Fouquet was a preeminent French painter of the 15th century, a master of both panel painting and manuscript illumination, and the apparent inventor of the portrait miniature. He was the ...more

Nicolas de Staël is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Artists from France
Nicolas de Staël Noon Landscape, Maisons en Sicile, Méditerranée Nicolas de Staël was a French painter of Russian origin known for his use of a thick impasto and his highly abstract landscape painting. He also worked with collage, illustration and

Georges Mathieu is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Artists from France
Georges Mathieu Vossius, Le Duc Charles épouse la Duchesse de Bourgogne^! 1957, Souvenirs délaissés Georges Mathieu was a French abstract painter, art theorist and member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

Germain Pilon is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Artists from France
Germain Pilon Germain Pilon was a French Renaissance sculptor. His date of birth is often stated as either ca. 1525 or ca. 1535

Simon Hantaï is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Artists from France
Simon Hantaï Simon Hantaï is a painter generally associated with abstract art.

Brassaï is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Artists from France
Brassaï Crowd at Six-Day Cycle Race at the Velodrome d'Hiver, Boulevard Montparnasse, Untitled [Couple kissing] Brassaï was a Hungarian photographer, sculptor, writer, and filmmaker who rose to international fame in France in the 20th century. He was one of the numerous Hungarian artists who ...more

Serge Poliakoff is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Artists from France
Serge Poliakoff Composition en brun, Composition IV, Komposition Serge Poliakoff was a Russian-born French modernist painter belonging to the 'New' Ecole de Paris.

Marie Laurencin is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Artists from France
Marie Laurencin Head of a Young Woman Marie Laurencin was a French painter and printmaker.