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Famous Artists from France

Updated August 30, 2019 86.5k views1.1k items

List of the most popular artists from France, listed alphabetically with photos when available. For centuries artists have been among the world's most important people, helping chronicle history and keep us entertained with one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Whether they're known for painting, sculpting, etching or drawing, the famous French artists on this list have kept that tradition alive by creating renowned pieces of art that have been praised around the world. You can find useful information below about these notable French artists, such as when they were born and where their place of birth was.

This list has a variety of artists in it, from Pauline Auzou to Jacques Monory.

This list answers the questions, "Which famous artists are from France?" and "Who are the most well-known French artists?"

For further information on these historic French artists, click on their names. If you're a fine art lover use this list of celebrated French artists to discover some new paintings that you will enjoy.
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  • Roger de La Fresnaye is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Roger de La Fresnaye

    The Conquest of the Air

    BirthplaceLe Mans, France

    Associated periods or movementsCubism, Section d'Or

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Roger de La Fresnaye (French: [ʁɔʒe də la fʁɛnɛ]; 11 July 1885 – 27 November 1925) was a... more on Wikipedia
  • Marcel Duchamp is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Marcel Duchamp

    Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2

    BirthplaceBlainville-Crevon, France

    Associated periods or movementsDada, Surrealism, Conceptual art, Section d'Or

    NationalityFrance, United States of America

    Art FormsSculpture, Painting

    Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (; French: [maʁsɛl dyʃɑ̃]; 28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a... more on Wikipedia

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    #6 of 22 Weird Personal Quirks of Historical Artists#23 of 88 Famous Conceptual Artists, Ranked

  • Hans Bellmer is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Hans Bellmer

    The Machine Gun(neress) in a State of Grace, La Poupee

    BirthplaceKatowice, Poland

    Associated periods or movementsDada, Surrealism

    NationalityFrance, Germany

    Art FormsPainting

    Hans Bellmer (13 March 1902 – 24 February 1975) was a German artist, best known for the... more on Wikipedia
  • Fernand Léger is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Fernand Léger

    The Baluster, Woman with a Book

    BirthplaceArgentan, France

    Associated periods or movementsModernism, Cubism, Section d'Or

    NationalityFrance, French Third Republic

    Art FormsPainting, Printmaking

    Joseph Fernand Henri Léger (French: [leʒe]; February 4, 1881 – August 17, 1955) was a French... more on Wikipedia
  • Paul Cézanne is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Paul Cézanne

    The Basket of Apples, The Large Bathers

    BirthplaceAix-en-Provence, France

    Associated periods or movementsPost-Impressionism, Cubism, Impressionism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting, Drawing

    Paul Cézanne (US: or UK: ; French: [pɔl sezan]; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a... more on Wikipedia
  • Yves Klein is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Yves Klein

    Anthropometry: Princess Helena, Untitled (ANT154)

    BirthplaceNice, France

    Associated periods or movementsMonochrome painting, Nouveau réalisme, Conceptual art

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Yves Klein (French pronunciation: ​[iv klɛ̃]; 28 April 1928 – 6 June 1962) was a French artist... more on Wikipedia
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Pierre-Auguste Renoir

    Bal du moulin de la Galette, Pont Neuf

    BirthplaceLimoges, France

    Associated periods or movementsImpressionism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (; French: [pjɛʁ oɡyst ʁənwaʁ]; 25... more on Wikipedia
  • Jean Metzinger is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Jean Metzinger

    L'Oiseau bleu, Femme assise (Woman with Book)

    BirthplaceNantes, France

    Associated periods or movementsFauvism, Divisionism, Cubism, Neo-impressionism, Section d'Or

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Jean Dominique Antony Metzinger (French: [mɛtsɛ̃ʒe]; 24 June 1883 – 3 November 1956) was a... more on Wikipedia

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    #5 of 63 Famous Cubist Artists, Ranked#8 of 21 Famous Fauvism Artists, Ranked

  • Georges Braque is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Georges Braque

    Woman with a Guitar, Still Life with a Bottle

    BirthplaceArgenteuil, France

    Associated periods or movementsFauvism, Analytic cubism, Cubism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsSculpture, Painting, Printmaking, Drawing

    Georges Braque (; French: [bʁak]; 13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century... more on Wikipedia

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    #17 of 25 Artists Who Should Have Biopics, Ranked#7 of 79 Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked

  • Robert Delaunay is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Robert Delaunay

    Simultaneous Contrasts: Sun and Moon, The Three Windows

    BirthplaceParis, France

    Associated periods or movementsCubism, Section d'Or, Expressionism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Robert Delaunay (12 April 1885 – 25 October 1941) was a French artist who, with his wife Sonia... more on Wikipedia
  • André Lhote is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Artists from France

    André Lhote

    Port de Bordeaux

    BirthplaceBordeaux, France

    Associated periods or movementsFauvism, Cubism, Section d'Or

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    André Lhote (5 July 1885 – 24 January 1962) was a French Cubist painter of figure subjects,... more on Wikipedia
  • Auguste Herbin is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Auguste Herbin

    Composition

    BirthplaceQuiévy, France

    Associated periods or movementsPost-Impressionism, Cubism, Impressionism, Abstract art

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsCollage, Painting, Printmaking

    Auguste Herbin (29 April 1882 – 31 January 1960) was a French painter of modern art. He is... more on Wikipedia
  • Henri Matisse is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Henri Matisse

    Woman with a Hat, Blue Nude II

    BirthplaceLe Cateau-Cambrésis, France

    Associated periods or movementsFauvism, Modernism, Impressionism, Neo-impressionism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsSculpture, Collage, Painting, Printmaking, Drawing

    Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (French: [ɑ̃ʁi emil bənwɑ matis]; 31 December 1869 – 3 November... more on Wikipedia
  • Claude Monet is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Claude Monet

    Water Lilies, The Japanese Footbridge and the Water Lily Pool

    BirthplaceParis, France

    Associated periods or movementsImpressionism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Oscar-Claude Monet (; French: [klod mɔnɛ]; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French... more on Wikipedia

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    Claude Monet's Greatest Works Of Art#215 of 753 People We Wish Were Still Alive

  • Jean Cocteau is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Jean Cocteau

    Marianne, Harlequin

    BirthplaceÎle-de-France, Europe, Metropolitan France, Maisons-Laffitte, Yvelines

    Associated periods or movementsReturn to order

    NationalityFrance

    Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (French: [ʒɑ̃ kɔkto]; 5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was... more on Wikipedia

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    #129 of 742 The Greatest Directors In Movie History#36 of 250 The Best Gay Authors

  • Victor Vasarely is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Victor Vasarely

    Folklore planetaire, Granat

    BirthplacePécs, Hungary

    Associated periods or movementsHard-edge painting, Op art

    NationalityFrance, Hungary

    Art FormsPainting

    Victor Vasarely (French: [viktɔʁ vazaʁəli]; born Győző Vásárhelyi, Hungarian: [ˈvaːʃaːrhɛji... more on Wikipedia
  • Marc Chagall is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Marc Chagall

    I and the Village, White Crucifixion

    BirthplaceVitebsk, Belarus

    Associated periods or movementsFauvism, Cubism, Surrealism, Expressionism

    NationalityFrance, United States of America, Russia, Belarus

    Art FormsPainting

    Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 6 July [O.S. 24 June] 1887 – 28... more on Wikipedia

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    #269 of 1,357 The Greatest Minds of All Time#9 of 101 Famous Expressionist Artists

  • Edgar Degas is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Edgar Degas

    Little Dancer of Fourteen Years, Ballet Rehearsal

    BirthplaceFrance, Paris

    Associated periods or movementsImpressionism, Realism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsSculpture, Painting, Drawing

    Edgar Degas (US: or UK: ; born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas, French: [ilɛːʁ ʒɛʁmɛ̃ ɛdɡaʁ də... more on Wikipedia

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    #606 of 2,443 The Most Influential People of All Time#16 of 31 The Greatest Painters Of All Time

  • Francis Picabia is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Francis Picabia

    Portrait of a Couple, "M'Amenez-y"

    BirthplaceFrance, Paris

    Associated periods or movementsDada, Surrealism, Section d'Or

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Francis Picabia (French: [fʁɑ̃sis pikabja]: born Francis-Marie Martinez de Picabia; 22 January... more on Wikipedia
  • Gustave Doré is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Gustave Doré

    The Creation of Light, The Deluge

    BirthplaceStrasbourg, France

    Associated periods or movementsRomanticism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré (; French: [ɡys.tav dɔ.ʁe]; 6 January 1832 – 23 January... more on Wikipedia
  • Hans Hartung is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Hans Hartung

    T1974- E10, T 1966–H36

    BirthplaceLeipzig, Germany

    Associated periods or movementsLyrical abstraction

    NationalityFrance, Germany

    Art FormsPainting

    Hans Hartung (21 September 1904 – 7 December 1989) was a German-French painter, known for his... more on Wikipedia
  • Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

    At the Moulin Rouge, The Hangover

    BirthplaceAlbi, France

    Associated periods or movementsArt Nouveau, Post-Impressionism

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting, Printmaking, Drawing

    Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901), also... more on Wikipedia

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    #14 of 91 The Greatest Impressionist Artists#632 of 1,252 Every Person Who Has Been Immortalized in a Google Doodle

  • Jacques Villon is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Jacques Villon

    Large Mowing Machine with Horses, Title Unknown (Musical Instruments)

    BirthplaceDamville, France

    Associated periods or movementsCubism, Section d'Or

    NationalityFrance

    Art FormsPainting

    Jacques Villon (July 31, 1875 – June 9, 1963), also known as Gaston Duchamp, was a French... more on Wikipedia
  • Natalia Goncharova is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova (Russian: Ната́лья Серге́евна Гончаро́ва, IPA: [nɐˈtalʲjə... more on Wikipedia
  • Benjamin Péret is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Artists from France

    Benjamin Péret

    Benjamin Péret (4 July 1899 – 18 September 1959) was a French poet, Parisian Dadaist and a... more on Wikipedia
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