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Famous Astronomers from China

Updated October 13, 2018 3.5k views10 items

List of notable or famous astronomers from China, with bios and photos, including the top astronomers born in China and even some popular astronomers who immigrated to China. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Chinese astronomers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These astronomers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known astronomer from China is included when available.

Examples of people on this list include Shen Kuo and Zhang Heng.

This historic astronomers from China list can help answer the questions "Who are some Chinese astronomers of note?" and "Who are the most famous astronomers from China?" These prominent astronomers of China may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Chinese astronomers.

Use this list of renowned Chinese astronomers to discover some new astronomers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
  • Gan De (Chinese: 甘德; fl. 4th century BC) was a Chinese astronomer and astrologer born in the State of Qi also known as the Lord Gan (Gan Gong). Along with Shi Shen, he is believed to be the first in history known by name to compile a star catalogue, preceded by the anonymous authors of the early Babylonian star catalogues and followed by the Greek Hipparchus who is the first known in the Western tradition to have compiled a star catalogue....  more
    • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
      Jiāo Bǐngzhēn (simplified Chinese: 焦秉贞; traditional Chinese: 焦秉貞; pinyin: Jiāo Bǐngzhēn; Wade–Giles: Chiao Ping-chen), 1689–1726) was a native of Jining, Shandong who became a noted painter and astronomer. In painting he is noteworthy as one of the first Qing dynasty painters to be influenced by the West. He is also among the more significant portrait and miniature painters in the early Qing. He was skilled in painting people, landscapes, and buildings.The Western influence in his art came from his exposure to the Jesuits at the Directorate of Astronomy. Their influence also exposed him to new ideas on astronomy and religion. At some point Jiao became a Roman Catholic and played a role on...  more
      • Age: 332
    • 3

      Ping-Tse Kao

      Kao Ping-tse (Chinese: 高平子; pinyin: Gāo Píngzǐ; 23 December 1888 - 23 March 1970) was a Chinese astronomer. He was entirely self-taught in this field. The crater Kao on the Moon is named in his honor. Kao was born in Shanghai. His father was a revolutionary, a Jǔrén 舉人, and a key figure of the Nan Society (South Society, 南社) in the late Qing Dynasty. He worked at Qingdao Observatory, received from the Japanese after the Washington Naval Conference in 1924. He then worked at the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy & Astrophysics, one of the founders of Purple Mountain Observatory. During World War II, he lived in Shanghai. He moved to Taiwan in 1948, during the Chinese Civil War. He died...  more
      • Age: 133
    • Shen Kuo (Chinese: 沈括; 1031–1095) or Shen Gua, courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁), was a Chinese polymathic scientist and statesman of the Song dynasty (960–1279). Excelling in many fields of study and statecraft, he was a mathematician, astronomer, meteorologist, geologist, entomologist, zoologist, botanist, pharmacologist, medical scientist, agronomist, archaeologist, ethnographer, cartographer, geographer, geophysicist, mineralogist, encyclopedist, military general, diplomat, hydraulic engineer, inventor, economist, academy chancellor, finance minister, governmental state inspector, philosopher, art crtic, poet, and musician. He was...  more
      • Age: 990
      • Birthplace: Hangzhou, China