Famous Astronomers from England

List of notable or famous astronomers from England, with bios and photos, including the top astronomers born in England and even some popular astronomers who immigrated to England. If you're trying to find out the names of famous English astronomers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These astronomers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known astronomer from England is included when available.

This list below has everything from Stephen Hawking to Arthur Stanley Eddington.

This historic astronomers from England list can help answer the questions "Who are some English astronomers of note?" and "Who are the most famous astronomers from England?" These prominent astronomers of England may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected English astronomers.

Use this list of renowned English astronomers to discover some new astronomers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}

  • Arthur Stanley Eddington
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (28 December 1882 – 22 November 1944) was an English astronomer, physicist, and mathematician. He was also a philosopher of science and a populariser of science. The Eddington limit, the natural limit to the luminosity of stars, or the radiation generated by accretion onto a compact object, is named in his honour. Around 1920, he anticipated the discovery and mechanism of nuclear fusion processes in stars, in his paper "The Internal Constitution of the Stars". At that time, the source of stellar energy was a complete mystery; Eddington was the first to correctly speculate that the source was fusion of hydrogen into helium. Eddington wrote a number of articles ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 61 (1882-1944)
    • Birthplace: Kendal, United Kingdom
  • Brian Geoffrey Marsden (5 August 1937 – 18 November 2010) was a British astronomer and the longtime director of the Minor Planet Center (MPC) at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (director emeritus from 2006 to 2010).
    • Age: Dec. at 73 (1937-2010)
    • Birthplace: Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Caroline Herschel
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    Caroline Lucretia Herschel (; 16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, whose most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, which bears her name. She was the younger sister of astronomer William Herschel, with whom she worked throughout her career. She was the first woman to receive a salary as a scientist. She was the first woman in England to hold a government position. She was the first woman to be awarded a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1828), and to be named an Honorary Member of the Royal Astronomical Society (1835, with Mary Somerville). She was also named an ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 97 (1750-1848)
    • Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
  • Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
    Photo: user uploaded image
    Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin (née Payne; (1900-05-10)May 10, 1900 – (1979-12-07)December 7, 1979) was a British-born American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed in her 1925 doctoral thesis that stars were composed primarily of hydrogen and helium. Her groundbreaking conclusion was initially rejected because it contradicted the scientific wisdom of the time, which held that there were no significant elemental differences between the Sun and Earth. Independent observations eventually proved she was correct.
    • Age: Dec. at 79 (1900-1979)
    • Birthplace: Wendover, United Kingdom
  • Edmond Halley
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    Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (; 8 November [O.S. 29 October] 1656 – 25 January 1742 [O.S. 14 January 1741]) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist. He was the second Astronomer Royal in Britain, succeeding John Flamsteed in 1720.From an observatory he constructed on Saint Helena, Halley recorded a transit of Mercury across the Sun. He realised a similar transit of Venus could be used to determine the size of the Solar System. He also used his observations to expand contemporary star maps. He aided in observationally proving Isaac Newton's laws of motion, and funded the publication of Newton's influential Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 85 (1656-1742)
    • Birthplace: Haggerston, London, United Kingdom
  • Edward R. "Ted" Harrison (8 January 1919 – 29 January 2007) was a British astronomer and cosmologist, noted for his work about the increase of fluctuations in the expanding universe, for his explanation of Olbers' Paradox, and for his books on cosmology for lay readers. He spent much of his career at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and University of Arizona, USA.
    • Age: Dec. at 88 (1919-2007)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom