READ Famous Astronomers from France

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List of notable or famous astronomers from France, with bios and photos, including the top astronomers born in France and even some popular astronomers who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French astronomers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These astronomers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known astronomer from France is included when available.

Examples of people on this list include Charles Messier and Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre.

This historic astronomers from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French astronomers of note?" and "Who are the most famous astronomers from France?" These prominent astronomers of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French astronomers.

Use this list of renowned French astronomers to discover some new astronomers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (74 items)

1
A. Laurent is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
A. Laurent A. Laurent was a Frenchman who discovered the asteroid 51 Nemausa in 1858. He never made any more asteroid discoveries and not much more seems to be known about him. He was described as a ...more

2
Adrien Auzout is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 69 (1622-1691) Adrien Auzout was a French astronomer. He was born in Rouen, France, the eldest child of a clerk in the court of Rouen. His educational background is unknown, although he may have attended the ...more

3
Alain Maury is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Alain Maury age 60 Alain J. Maury is a French astronomer. He discovered the periodic comet 115P/Maury as well as the non-periodic C/1988 C1. He has discovered a number of asteroids, including the Apollo asteroid ...more

4
Alexandre Schaumasse is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Alexandre Schaumasse Dec. at 76 (1882-1958) Alexandre Schaumasse was a French astronomer. His discoveries include the periodic comet 24P/Schaumasse, and the two non-periodic comets C/1913 J1 or 1913 II, and C/1917 H1 or 1917 II. He also ...more

5
Alexis Bouvard is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Alexis Bouvard Dec. at 76 (1767-1843) Alexis Bouvard was a French astronomer. He is particularly noted for his careful observations of the irregularities in the motion of Uranus and his hypothesis of the existence of an eighth ...more

6
Alphonse Borrelly is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Alphonse Borrelly Dec. at 84 (1842-1926) Alphonse Louis Nicolas Borrelly was a French astronomer. Working in Marseille, he discovered asteroids and comets. He discovered the periodic comet 19P/Borrelly. The French Academy of Sciences ...more

7
André Patry is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
André Patry Dec. at 58 (1902-1960) André Patry was a French astronomer. Patry was orphaned at a young age, and began working at the Observatoire de Nice aged 17. He studied asteroids and discovered several himself. The ...more

8
André-Louis Danjon is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 77 (1890-1967) André-Louis Danjon was a French astronomer born in Caen to Louis Dominique Danjon and Marie Justine Binet. Danjon devised a method to measure "Earthshine" on the Moon using a ...more

9
Audrey C. Delsanti is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
age 41 Audrey C. Delsanti is a French astronomer who co-discovered 1999 KR16 in 1999 whilst at La Silla Observatory in Chile. The Minor Planet Center erroneously lists her as "A. Dalsanti". ...more

10
Auguste Charlois is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Auguste Charlois Dec. at 46 (1864-1910) Auguste Honoré Charlois was a French astronomer who discovered 99 asteroids while working in Nice. His first discovery was the asteroid 267 Tirza in 1887. He photographed 433 Eros on the ...more

11
Benjamin Baillaud is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 86 (1848-1934) Édouard Benjamin Baillaud was a French astronomer.

12
Benjamin Jekhowsky is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Benjamin Jekhowsky Dec. at 72 (1881-1953) Benjamin Jekhowsky was a Russian-French astronomer, born in Saint-Petersburg in a noble family of a Russian railroad official. After attending Moscow University, he worked at the Paris ...more

13
Benjamin Valz is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Benjamin Valz Dec. at 80 (1787-1867) Jean Elias Benjamin Valz was a French astronomer. He was born in Nîmes and trained as an engineer. He became interested in astronomy and comets in particular, observing the return of what ...more

14
Bernard Lyot is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 55 (1897-1952) Bernard Ferdinand Lyot was a French astronomer.

15
Camille Flammarion is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Camille Flammarion Dec. at 83 (1842-1925) Nicolas Camille Flammarion was a French astronomer and author. He was a prolific author of more than fifty titles, including popular science works about astronomy, several notable early science ...more

16
César-François Cassini de Thur... is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 70 (1714-1784) César-François Cassini de Thury, also called Cassini III or Cassini de Thury, was a French astronomer and cartographer.

17
Charles Fehrenbach is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Charles Fehrenbach Dec. at 94 (1914-2008) Charles Fehrenbach was a French astronomer and member of the French Academy of Sciences. He was director of the Observatoire de Haute Provence until 1983.

18
Charles Messier is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 87 (1730-1817) Charles Messier was a French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier ...more

19
Christian Pollas is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Christian Pollas Christian Pollas is a French astronomer. He has discovered tens of asteroids, some co-discovered with Eric W. Elst, including notably the Aten asteroid 1989 UQ, the Apollo asteroid 4179 ...more

20
Dominique, comte de Cassini is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dominique, comte de Cassini Dec. at 97 (1748-1845) Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini was a French astronomer, son of César-François Cassini de Thury. Cassini was born at the Paris Observatory. In 1784 he succeeded his father as ...more

21
Édouard Stephan is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Édouard Stephan Dec. at 86 (1837-1923) Édouard Jean-Marie Stephan was a French astronomer. His surname is sometimes spelled Stéphan in some literature, but this is apparently erroneous. He was born in St Pezenne and ...more

22
Ernest Esclangon is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 78 (1876-1954) Ernest Benjamin Esclangon was a French astronomer and mathematician. Born in Mison, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, in 1895 he started to study mathematics at the École Normale ...more

23
Étienne Léopold Trouvelot is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Étienne Léopold Trouvelot Dec. at 68 (1827-1895) Étienne Léopold Trouvelot was a French artist, astronomer and amateur entomologist. He is noted for the unfortunate introduction of the Gypsy Moth into North America.

24
Félix Tisserand is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Félix Tisserand Dec. at 51 (1845-1896) François Félix Tisserand was a French astronomer.

25
François Arago is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 67 (1786-1853) Dominique François Jean Arago, known simply as François Arago, was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.

26
Gabriel Delmotte is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Gabriel Delmotte Dec. at 74 (1876-1950) Gabriel Delmotte was a French astronomer, deputy and Mayor of Masnières in the Nord department in northern France. He was author of "Recherches sélénographiques et ...more

27
Gabrielle Renaudot Flammarion is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 85 (1877-1962) Gabrielle Renaudot Flammarion was a French astronomer. She worked at the observatory at Juvisy-sur-Orge, France, and was General Secretary of the Société Astronomique de France. ...more

28
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte d... is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 81 (1707-1788) Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author. His works influenced the next two generations of naturalists, including ...more

29
Giovanni Domenico Cassini is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 87 (1625-1712) Giovanni Domenico Cassini was an Italian mathematician, astronomer, engineer, and astrologer. Cassini, also known as Gian Domenico Cassini, was born in Perinaldo, near Imperia, at that time in ...more

30
Guillaume Bigourdan is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 81 (1851-1932) Camille Guillaume Bigourdan was a French astronomer. Bigourdan was born at Sistels, Tarn-et-Garonne to Pierre Bigourdan and Jeanne Carrière. In 1877 he was appointed by Félix ...more

31
Guillaume Le Gentil is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Guillaume Le Gentil Dec. at 67 (1725-1792) Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean-Baptiste Le Gentil de la Galaisière was a French astronomer.

32
Gustave-Adolphe Hirn is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 75 (1815-1890) Gustave-Adolphe Hirn was a French physicist, astronomer. mathematician and engineer who made important measurements of the mechanical equivalent of heat and contributions to the early ...more

33
Henri Joseph Anastase Perrotin is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Henri Joseph Anastase Perrotin Dec. at 59 (1845-1904) Henri Joseph Anastase Perrotin was a French astronomer. Some sources give his middle name as Athanase. In his early career, he and Guillaume Bigourdan were assistants of Félix Tisserand ...more

34
Henri-Alexandre Deslandres is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 95 (1853-1948) Henri Alexandre Deslandres ForMemRS was a French astronomer, director of the Meudon and Paris Observatories, who carried out intensive studies on the behaviour of the atmosphere of the Sun.

35
Hervé Faye is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 88 (1814-1902) Hervé Auguste Étienne Albans Faye was a French astronomer, born at Saint-Benoît-du-Sault and educated at the École Polytechnique, which he left in 1834, before ...more

36
Honoré Flaugergues is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Honoré Flaugergues Dec. at 80 (1755-1835) Honoré Flaugergues was a French astronomer. . He discovered the "Great Comet of 1811", and independently co-discovered the "Great Comet of 1807". In attempting to ...more

37
Ismaël Bullialdus is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 89 (1605-1694) Ismaël Bullialdus was a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books, and was an active member of the Republic of Letters, a scholarly ...more

38
Jacques Cassini is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 79 (1677-1756) Jacques Cassini was a French astronomer, son of the famous Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini. Cassini was born at the Paris Observatory. Admitted at the age of seventeen to membership ...more

39
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 73 (1749-1822) Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre was a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author of well-known books on the history of astronomy from ...more

40
Jean Chacornac is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Jean Chacornac Dec. at 50 (1823-1873) Jean Chacornac was a French astronomer. He was born in Lyon and died in St Jean en Royans. Working in Marseille and Paris, he discovered six asteroids and the comet Chacornac C/1852 K1 which may ...more

41
Jean Dufay is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Jean Dufay Dec. at 71 (1896-1967) Jean Claude Barthélemy Dufay was a French astronomer. During his career he studied nebulae, interstellar matter, the night sky and cometary physics. In 1925, while working in ...more

42
Jean Focas is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Jean Focas Dec. at 60 (1909-1969) Jean-Henri Focas was a Greek-French astronomer. In Greek he was known as Ioannis Focas. He worked at the Pic du Midi Observatory, investigating the surface features of Mars using visual and ...more

43
Jean Picard is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Jean Picard Dec. at 62 (1620-1682) Jean-Félix Picard was a French astronomer and priest born in La Flèche, where he studied at the Jesuit Collège Royal Henry-Le-Grand. He died in Paris, France. He was the ...more

44
Jean Richer is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Jean Richer Dec. at 66 (1630-1696) Jean Richer was a French astronomer and assistant at The French Academy of Sciences, under the direction of Giovanni Domenico Cassini. Between 1671 and 1673 he performed experiments and carried ...more

45
Jean Sylvain Bailly is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 57 (1736-1793) Jean-Sylvain Bailly was a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French Revolution. He presided over the Tennis Court Oath, served as the ...more

46
Jean-Baptiste Biot is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 88 (1774-1862) Jean-Baptiste Biot was a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied the polarization of light. Biot also ...more

47
Jean-Baptiste Morin is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 73 (1583-1656) Jean-Baptiste Morin, also known by the Latinized name as Morinus, was a French mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer.

48
Jean-Louis Pons is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Jean-Louis Pons Dec. at 70 (1761-1831) Jean-Louis Pons was a French astronomer. Despite humble beginnings and being self-taught, he went on to become the greatest visual comet discoverer of all time: between 1801 and 1827 Pons ...more

49
Joseph-Louis Lagrange is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Dec. at 77 (1736-1813) Joseph-Louis Lagrange was an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer. He made significant contributions to the fields of analysis, number theory, and both classical and celestial ...more

50
Joseph-Nicolas Delisle is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Astronomers from France
Joseph-Nicolas Delisle Dec. at 80 (1688-1768) Joseph-Nicolas Delisle was a French astronomer and cartographer.