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Famous Astronomers from India

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List of notable or famous astronomers from India, with bios and photos, including the top astronomers born in India and even some popular astronomers who immigrated to India. Science fans will also enjoy famous Indian astrologers and greatest scientific breakthroughs of 2017. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Indian astronomers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These astronomers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known astronomer from India is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of different Indian people of astronomy like Jayant Narlikar and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar.

This historic astronomers from India list can help answer the questions "Who are some Indian astronomers of note?" and "Who are the most famous astronomers from India?" These prominent astronomers of India may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Indian astronomers.

Use this list of renowned Indian astronomers to discover some new astronomers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page.

  • Photo: Wiki Commons / Public Domain
    Amil Kumar Das (1902 – February 18, 1961) was an Indian astronomer. During the International Geophysical Year, observatories in Madrid, India, and Manila were responsible for monitoring solar effects. The Kodaikanal Solar Observatory in South India performed this monitoring using their recently built solar tunnel telescope. Dr. Das was the director of the Kodaikanal observatory at this time. In 1960 he was responsible for installing a tower/tunnel telescope at the facility that would be used to perform some of the first ever helioseismology investigations. The crater Das on the far side of the Moon is named after him....  more
    • Age: Dec. at 59 (1902-1961)
    • Profession: Astronomer
  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Aryabhata (Sanskrit: आर्यभट, IAST: Āryabhaṭa) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya (which mentions that in 3600 Kaliyuga, 499 CE, he was 23 years old) and the Arya-siddhanta. For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist....  more
    • Age: Dec. at 74 (476-550)
    • Birthplace: Assaka
    • Profession: Mathematician, Astronomer
  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Bhāskara also known as Bhāskarāchārya ("Bhāskara, the teacher"), and as Bhaskara II to avoid confusion with Bhāskara I (1114–1185), was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. He was born in Bijapur in Karnataka.Bhāskara and his works represent a significant contribution to mathematical and astronomical knowledge in the 12th century. He has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. His main work Siddhānta Shiromani, (Sanskrit for "Crown of Treatises") is divided into four parts called Lilāvatī, Bījagaṇita, Grahagaṇita and Golādhyāya, which are also sometimes considered four independent works. These four sections deal with arithmetic, algebra, mathematics of the planets, and...  more
    • Age: Dec. at 71 (1114-1185)
    • Birthplace: Bijapur, India
    • Profession: Mathematician, Astronomer
  • Fathullah Shirazi (c. 1582), sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, astronomer, physician, philosopher and artist—who worked for Akbar, ruler of the Mughal Empire. He invented Gaj-I-illahi system . Shirazi was given the title of 'Azuddudaulah, translated as "the arm of the empire."...  more
    • Profession: Mathematician, Scholar, Inventor, Mechanical engineer, Physician