Russian People Famous Authors from Soviet Union

Reference
7.2k views 136 items

List of the most popular authors from Soviet Union, listed alphabetically with photos when available. For centuries authors have been among the world's most important people, helping chronicle history and keep us entertained with one of the earliest forms of storytelling. Whether they're known for fiction, non-fiction, poetry or even technical writing, the famous Soviet authors on this list have kept that tradition alive by writing renowned works that have been praised around the world. You can find useful information below about these notable Soviet writers, such as when they were born and where their place of birth was.

Nikolai Pogodin and Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov are included in this list.

This list answers the questions, "Which famous authors are from Soviet Union?" and "Who are the best Soviet authors?"

For further information on these historic Soviet authors, click on their names. If you're a bookworm then use this list of celebrated Soviet authors to discover some new books that you will enjoy reading.

1
Dmitri Shostakovich is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Testimony, Katerina Ismailova Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was a Russian composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet ...more

2
Alexei Khvostenko is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Alexei Khvostenko was a Russian avant-garde poet, singer-songwriter, artist and sculptor. Khvostenko is also frequently referred to by the nickname Khvost, meaning "tail".

3
Maxim Gorky is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Mother, Orloff and His Wife, The life of a useless man Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, primarily known as Maxim Gorky, was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the Socialist realism literary method and a political activist. Around fifteen years ...more

4
Marina Tsvetaeva is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Demesne of the Swans, The Poem of the End, Svodnye tetradi Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva was a Russian and Soviet poet. Her work is considered among some of the greatest in twentieth century Russian literature. She lived through and wrote of the Russian ...more

5
Yuri German is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Yuri Pavlovich German was a Soviet Russian writer, playwright, screenwriter, and journalist.

6
Samuil Marshak is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Twelve Months, Angliĭskie narodnye pesenki, Waxie-Daxie Samuil Yakovlevich Marshak Russian: Самуи́л Я́ковлевич Марша́к; 3 November [O.S. 22 October] 1887 – 4 July 1964 was a Russian and Soviet writer, translator and children's poet. He translated the ...more

7
Vladimir Mayakovsky is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Eĭ i mne, Mayakovsky, Mystery-Bouffe Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky was a Russian and Soviet poet, playwright, artist and stage and film actor. 1913-1917 saw Mayakovsky's rise to fame as a leader of the Russian Futurist ...more

8
Boris Pasternak is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Doctor Zhivago, L'an 1905, Récit Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was a Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator. In his native Russian, Pasternak's first book of poems, My Sister, Life, is one of the most influential ...more

9
Sergei Eisenstein is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Film Sense, Immoral memories, A premature celebration of Eisenstein's centenary Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein was a Soviet Russian film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage. He is noted in particular for his silent films Strike, ...more

10
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, The Gulag Archipelago, In the First Circle Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, historian, and critic of Soviet totalitarianism. He helped to raise global awareness of the gulag and the Soviet Union's forced labor ...more

11
Vladimir Lenin is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, "Left-Wing" Communism: An Infantile Disorder Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, alias Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He served as head of government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic ...more

12
Bulat Okudzhava is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Bednyĭ Avrosimov, Svidanie s Bonapartom, Budʹ zdorov Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava was a Russian poet, writer, musician, novelist, and singer-songwriter of Georgian-Armenian ancestry. He was one of the founders of the Russian genre called ...more

13
Joseph Stalin is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Marxism & the National Colonial Question, On the great patriotic war of the Soviet union, Correspondence Between Stalin Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian ...more

14
Leonid Brezhnev is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
On problems of peace and security, The fiftieth anniversary of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, L. I. Brezhnev Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His ...more

15
Chinghiz Aitmatov is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Jamila, The White Ship, The Day Lasts More Than a Hundred Years Chyngyz Aitmatov was a Soviet and Kyrgyz author who wrote in both Russian and Kyrgyz. He is the best known figure in Kyrgyzstan's literature.

16
Vladimir Vysotsky is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Songs and poems of Vladimir Vysotsky, Hamlet With a Guitar, I Love Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky was a Russian singer-songwriter, poet, and actor whose career had an immense and enduring effect on Soviet and Russian culture. He became widely known for his ...more

17
Kazimir Malevich is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Lenʹ kak deĭstvitelʹnai︠a︡ istina chelovechestva, Suprematismus, Les arts de la representation Kazimir Severinovich Malevich was a Polish-Russian painter and art theoretician. He was a pioneer of geometric abstract art and the originator of the avant-garde Suprematist movement.

18
Maya Deren is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
An anagram of ideas on art, form and film, Essential Deren Maya Deren, born Eleanora Derenkowskaia, was one of the most important American experimental filmmakers and entrepreneurial promoters of the avant-garde in the 1940s and 1950s. Deren was also a ...more

19
Leonid Leonov is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The river, La Fin d'un petit homme, The thief Leonid Maximovich Leonov was a Soviet novelist and playwright. He has been dubbed the 20th-century Dostoyevsky for the deep psychological torment of his prose.

20
Mikhail Gorbachev is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Memoirs, Peace Has No Alternative, Socialism Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev is a former Soviet statesman. He was the eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ...more

21
Anatoly Karpov is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Chess at the top, 1979-1984, The Semi-Open Game in Action Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov, PhD is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion. He was the official world champion from 1975 to 1985 when he was defeated by Garry Kasparov. He played ...more

22
Mikhail Botvinnik is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Half a century of chess, One hundred selected games, Botvinnik's best games Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik, PhD was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and three-time World Chess Champion, widely considered one of the greatest chess players of all time. ...more

23
Mikhail Bulgakov is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Master and Margarita, The White Guard, Heart of a Dog Mikhaíl Afanasyevich Bulgakov was a Russian writer and playwright active in the first half of the 20th century. He is best known for his novel The Master and Margarita, which has been ...more

24
Mstislav Rostropovich is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Mstislav Rostropovich and Galina Vishnevskaya: Russia, Music, and Liberty Mstislav Leopoldovich "Slava" Rostropovich, KBE, was a Soviet and Russian cellist and conductor. He is considered to be one of the greatest cellists of the 20th century. In addition to ...more

25
George Gamow is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The birth and death of the sun, The New World of Mr Tompkins, The creation of the universe George Gamow, born Georgiy Antonovich Gamov, was a theoretical physicist and cosmologist – notably an early advocate and developer of Lemaître's Big Bang theory. He discovered a ...more

26
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Gigantic Turnip, Nikita's childhood, The lame prince Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, nicknamed the Comrade Count, was a Russian and Soviet writer who wrote in many genres but specialized in science fiction and historical novels. During World War II, ...more

27
Yuri Gagarin is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Psychology and Space, Soviet Man in Space, Road to the Stars Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Russian Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April ...more

28
Mikhail Zoshchenko is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Mikhail Zoshchenko Golubai͡a︡ kniga, I͡Umoristicheskie rasskazy, Die Stiefel des Zaren Mikhail Mikhailovich Zoshchenko was a Soviet author and satirist.

29
Andrei Sakharov is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Collected scientific works, Sakharov speaks, My country and the world Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was a Russian nuclear physicist, Soviet dissident and human rights activist. He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for ...more

30
Isaac Babel is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Die Reiterarmee, Babel, The Odessa Tales Isaac Emmanuilovich Babel was a Russian language journalist, playwright, literary translator, and short story writer. He is best known as the author of Red Cavalry, Story of My Dovecote, and ...more

31
Andrei Bitov is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Andrei Bitov S nami i bez nas, Oglashennye, Zapiski novichka Andrei Georgiyevich Bitov is a prominent Russian writer. among the foremost Russian writers of the late 20th century.

32
Garry Kasparov is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
How Life Imitates Chess: Making the Right Moves, from the Board to the Boardroom, London-Leningrad championship games Garry Kimovich Kasparov is a Russian chess Grandmaster, former World Chess Champion, writer, and political activist, considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time. From 1986 ...more

33
Andrey Kolmogorov is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Selected Works of A.N. Kolmogorov, Geometriya, Foundations of the theory of probability Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov was a 20th-century Soviet mathematician who made significant contributions to the mathematics of probability theory, topology, intuitionistic logic, turbulence, ...more

34
Nikolai Erdman is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Suicide, The Major Plays of Nikolai Erdman, Mandat Nikolay Robertovich Erdman was a Soviet dramatist and screenwriter primarily remembered for his work with Vsevolod Meyerhold in the 1920s. His plays, notably The Suicide, form a link in Russian ...more

35
Alexander Isaakovich Gelman is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Alexander Isaakovich Gelman, original given name Shunya, is a Bessarabian-born Soviet and Russian playwright, writer, and screenwriter. A survivor of the Holocaust during childhood, Gelman ...more

36
Konstantin Simonov is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Moscow, The living and the dead, On the Petsamo road Konstantin Mikhailovich Simonov, born Kirill Mikhailovich Simonov was a Soviet author and a war poet. He was a playwright and a wartime correspondent, most famous for his poem "Wait for

37
Ivan Pavlov is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Lectures on conditioned reflexes, Conditioned reflexes, The work of the digestive glands Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. From his childhood days Pavlov demonstrated intellectual brilliance along with an unusual ...more

38
Ivan Yefremov is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Andromeda: A Space-Age Tale, The Heart of the Serpent, Cutty Sark Ivan Antonovich Yefremov, last sometimes spelled Efremov, was a Soviet paleontologist, science fiction author and social thinker. He originated taphonomy, the study of fossilization patterns.

39
Anton Makarenko is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Collective Family, Problems of Soviet School Education, A Book for Parents Anton Semenovych Makarenko was a Russian and Soviet educator and writer, who promoted democratic ideas and principles in educational theory and practice. As one of the founders of Soviet ...more

40
Vladimir Vernadsky is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The biosphere, Geochemistry, Diaries 1926-1934 Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky was a Ukrainian, Russian and Soviet mineralogist and geochemist who is considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and of radiogeology, founder ...more

41
Vasily Grossman is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Life and Fate, Gody voĭny, Gli͡u︡kauf Vasily Semyonovich Grossman was a Soviet Russian writer and journalist. Grossman trained as an engineer and worked in the Donets Basin, but changed career in the 1930s and published short ...more

42
Dziga Vertov is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Kino-eye David Abelevich Kaufman — also known as Denis Kaufman or his pseudonym Dziga Vertov or Vertof — was a Soviet pioneer documentary film, newsreel director and cinema theorist. His filming ...more

43
Anna Akhmatova is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Anna Akhmatova, Poems, Fear and the Muse Anna Andreyevna Gorenko, better known by the pen name Anna Akhmatova, was a Russian modernist poet, one of the most acclaimed writers in the Russian canon. Akhmatova's work ranges from short ...more

44
Yulian Semyonov is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Seventeen Moments of Spring, Tass Is Authorized to Announce.., Petrovka 38 Yulian Semyonovich Semyonov, pen-name of Yulian Semyonovich Lyandres, was a Soviet and Russian writer of spy fiction and detective fiction, also scriptwriter and poet.

45
Andrei Platonov is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Foundation Pit, The Fierce and Beautiful World, Vprok Andrei Platonov was the pen name of Andrei Platonovich Klimentov, a Soviet author whose works anticipate existentialism. Although Platonov was a Communist, his works were banned in his own ...more

46
Vasily Shukshin is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Roubles in words kopeks in figures, and other stories, Snowball berry red & other stories Vasily Makarovich Shukshin was a Soviet/Russian actor, writer, screenwriter and movie director from the Altay region who specialized in rural themes.

47
Nikolai Tikhonov is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Tales of Leningrad, 1942, The defence of Leningrad Nikolai Semenovich Tikhonov - a Soviet writer, a member of the Serapion Brothers literary group.

48
Ilya Ilf is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Twelve Chairs, The Little Golden Calf, Ilf and Petrov's American road trip Ilya Ilf, pseudonym of Iehiel-Leyb Arnoldovich Faynzilberg, was a popular Jewish Soviet author of the 1920s and 1930s, who worked in collaboration with Yevgeni Petrov as Ilf and Petrov. Ilf died ...more

49
Sigizmund Krzhizhanovsky is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
Seven stories Sigizmund Dominikovich Krzhizhanovsky was a Russian and Soviet short-story writer who described himself as being "known for being unknown"; the bulk of his writings were published

50
Yevgeny Petrov is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Authors from Soviet Union
The Twelve Chairs, The Little Golden Calf Yevgeny Petrov was the pen name of Yevgeny Petrovich Katayev, a popular Soviet author in the 1920s and 1930s. He often worked in collaboration with Ilya Ilf. As Ilf and Petrov, Yevgeni Petrov ...more