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Famous Authors from Soviet Union

Updated August 30, 2019 8.1k views136 items

List of the most popular authors from Soviet Union, listed alphabetically with photos when available. For centuries authors have been among the world's most important people, helping chronicle history and keep us entertained with one of the earliest forms of storytelling. Whether they're known for fiction, non-fiction, poetry or even technical writing, the famous Soviet authors on this list have kept that tradition alive by writing renowned works that have been praised around the world. You can find useful information below about these notable Soviet writers, such as when they were born and where their place of birth was.

Nikolai Pogodin and Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov are included in this list.

This list answers the questions, "Which famous authors are from Soviet Union?" and "Who are the best Soviet authors?"

For further information on these historic Soviet authors, click on their names. If you're a bookworm then use this list of celebrated Soviet authors to discover some new books that you will enjoy reading.
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  • 1
    Dmitri Shostakovich

    Dmitri Shostakovich

    Testimony, Katerina Ismailova

    BirthplaceSaint Petersburg, Russia

    Birthdate1906-09-25

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian: Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitriy... more on Wikipedia

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    #188 of 1,891 The Greatest Musical Artists of All Time#23 of 368 The Best Classical Composers

  • 2
    Alexei Khvostenko was a Russian avant-garde poet, singer-songwriter, artist and sculptor.... more on Wikipedia
  • 3
    Maxim Gorky

    Maxim Gorky

    The Mother, Orloff and His Wife

    BirthplaceEurasia, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Nizhny Novgorod

    Birthdate1868

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Russian: Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; 28 March [O.S. 16... more on Wikipedia
  • 4
    Marina Tsvetaeva

    Marina Tsvetaeva

    The Demesne of the Swans, The Poem of the End

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    Birthdate1892

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva (Russian: Мари́на Ива́новна Цвета́ева; 8 October [O.S. 26 September]... more on Wikipedia

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    #73 of 233 The Best Female Authors of All Time#108 of 127 The Best Russian Authors

  • 5
    Yuri German
    Yuri Pavlovich German (Russian: Ю́рий Па́влович Ге́рман) (April 4 [O.S. March 22] 1910 –... more on Wikipedia
  • 6
    Samuil Marshak

    Samuil Marshak

    The Twelve Months, Angliĭskie narodnye pesenki

    BirthplaceVoronezh, Russia

    Birthdate1887-11-03

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Samuil Yakovlevich Marshak (alternative spelling: Samuil Yakovlevich Marchak) (Russian:... more on Wikipedia
  • 7
    Vladimir Mayakovsky

    Vladimir Mayakovsky

    Eĭ i mne, Mayakovsky

    BirthplaceBaghdati, Georgia

    Birthdate1893

    NationalityRussia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

    Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (; Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский; 19 July... more on Wikipedia
  • 8
    Boris Pasternak

    Boris Pasternak

    Doctor Zhivago, L'an 1905

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    Birthdate1890-02-10

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (; Russian: Бори́с Леони́дович Пастерна́к, IPA: [bɐˈrʲis... more on Wikipedia

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    #176 of 1,172 The Best Writers of All Time#1586 of 2,443 The Most Influential People of All Time

  • 9
    Sergei Eisenstein

    Sergei Eisenstein

    The Film Sense, Immoral memories

    BirthplaceRiga, Latvia

    Birthdate1898

    NationalityLatvia, Soviet Union

    Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн, IPA: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej... more on Wikipedia

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    #57 of 743 The Greatest Directors In Movie History#227 of 250 The Best Gay Authors

  • 10
    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, The Gulag Archipelago

    BirthplaceKislovodsk, Russia

    Birthdate1918

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (; 11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist,... more on Wikipedia
  • 11
    Vladimir Lenin

    Vladimir Lenin

    Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism

    BirthplaceUlyanovsk, Russia

    Birthdate1870-04-22

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by his alias Lenin,... more on Wikipedia

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    The Best Vladimir Lenin Quotes#370 of 403 Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person

  • 12
    Bulat Okudzhava

    Bulat Okudzhava

    Bednyĭ Avrosimov, Svidanie s Bonapartom

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    Birthdate1924-05-09

    NationalityRussia, Armenia, Soviet Union

    Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava (Russian: Була́т Ша́лвович Окуджа́ва; Georgian: ბულატ ოკუჯავა) (May... more on Wikipedia
  • 13
    Joseph Stalin

    Joseph Stalin

    Marxism & the National Colonial Question, On the great patriotic war of the Soviet union

    BirthplaceGori, Georgia

    Birthdate1878-12-18

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili; 18 December [O.S. 6] 1878... more on Wikipedia

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    Did Stalin Really Force Soviet Scientists To Create A Human-Chimpanzee Hybrid?The Best Books About Joseph Stalin

  • 14
    Leonid Brezhnev

    Leonid Brezhnev

    On problems of peace and security, The fiftieth anniversary of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    BirthplaceDniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine

    Birthdate1906-12-19

    NationalitySoviet Union

    Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (; Russian: Леонид Ильич Брежнев, IPA: [lʲɪɐˈnʲid ɪˈlʲjidʑ ˈbrʲeʐnʲɪf]... more on Wikipedia

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    #10 of 63 The Most Influential People of the Cold War#10 of 18 The People Behind the Worst Genocides in History

  • 15
    Chinghiz Aitmatov

    Chinghiz Aitmatov

    Jamila, The White Ship

    BirthplaceSheker, Kyrgyzstan

    Birthdate1928

    NationalitySoviet Union

    Chyngyz Torekulovich Aitmatov (Kyrgyz: Чыңгыз Төрөкулович Айтматов) (12 December 1928 – 10... more on Wikipedia
  • 16
    Vladimir Vysotsky

    Vladimir Vysotsky

    Songs and poems of Vladimir Vysotsky, Hamlet With a Guitar

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    Birthdate1938

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky (Russian: Влади́мир Семёнович Высо́цкий, IPA: [vlɐˈdʲimʲɪr... more on Wikipedia

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    #249 of 369 The Greatest Poets of All Time#12 of 92 The Best Chanson Bands/Artists

  • 17
    Kazimir Malevich

    Kazimir Malevich

    Lenʹ kak deĭstvitelʹnai︠a︡ istina chelovechestva, Suprematismus

    BirthplaceKiev, Ukraine

    Birthdate1879

    NationalityUkraine, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

    Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (February 23 [O.S. 11] 1879 – May 15, 1935) was a Russian... more on Wikipedia
  • 18
    Maya Deren

    Maya Deren

    An anagram of ideas on art, form and film

    BirthplaceKiev, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

    Birthdate1917-04-29

    NationalityUnited States of America, Soviet Union

    Maya Deren (April 29, 1917 – October 13, 1961), born Eleonora Derenkowska (Ukrainian:... more on Wikipedia
  • 19
    Leonid Leonov

    Leonid Leonov

    The river, La Fin d'un petit homme

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    Birthdate1899-05-31

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Leonid Maximovich Leonov (Russian: Леони́д Макси́мович Лео́нов; May 31 [O.S. May 19] 1899 — 8... more on Wikipedia
  • 20
    Mikhail Gorbachev

    Mikhail Gorbachev

    Memoirs, Peace Has No Alternative

    BirthplacePrivolnoye, Krasnogvardeysky District, Stavropol Krai

    Birthdate1931-03-02

    NationalityRussian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russia, Soviet Union

    Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and formerly Soviet politician.... more on Wikipedia

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    #174 of 347 The Most Important Leaders In World History#41 of 89 The Most Enlightened Leaders in World History

  • 21
    Anatoly Karpov

    Anatoly Karpov

    Chess at the top, 1979-1984

    BirthplaceZlatoust, Russia

    Birthdate1951-05-23

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Russian: Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a... more on Wikipedia
  • 22
    Mikhail Botvinnik

    Mikhail Botvinnik

    Half a century of chess, One hundred selected games

    BirthplaceRepino, Russia

    Birthdate1911-08-17

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Russian: Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник, pronounced [mʲɪxɐˈil... more on Wikipedia
  • 23
    Mikhail Bulgakov

    Mikhail Bulgakov

    The Master and Margarita, The White Guard

    BirthplaceKiev, Ukraine

    Birthdate1891-05-15

    NationalityRussia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

    Mikhail Afanasyevich Bulgakov (Russian: Михаи́л Афана́сьевич Булга́ков, IPA: [mʲɪxɐˈil... more on Wikipedia
  • 24
    Mstislav Rostropovich

    Mstislav Rostropovich

    Mstislav Rostropovich and Galina Vishnevskaya: Russia, Music

    BirthplaceBaku, Azerbaijan

    Birthdate1927-03-27

    NationalityAzerbaijan, United States of America, Soviet Union

    Mstislav Leopoldovich "Slava" Rostropovich (Russian: Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич,... more on Wikipedia

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    #1 of 72 The Best Cellists in the World#2 of 84 The Greatest Cellists of All Time

  • 25
    George Gamow

    George Gamow

    The birth and death of the sun, The New World of Mr Tompkins

    BirthplaceOdessa, Ukraine

    Birthdate1904-03-04

    NationalityUnited States of America, Russia, Soviet Union

    George Gamow (March 4, 1904 – August 19, 1968), born Georgiy Antonovich Gamov, was a... more on Wikipedia