READ Famous Botanists from France

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List of notable or famous botanists from France, with bios and photos, including the top botanists born in France and even some popular botanists who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French botanists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These botanists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known botanist from France is included when available.

List features people like John C. Frémont, Louis Feuillée and more!

This historic botanists from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French botanists of note?" and "Who are the most famous botanists from France?" These prominent botanists of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French botanists.

Use this list of renowned French botanists to discover some new botanists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (96 items)

1
Achille Richard is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Achille Richard Died at 58 (1794-1852) Achille Richard was a French botanist and physician. He was son of a notable botanist, Louis-Claude Marie Richard. Pharmacist in the French fleet and member of several well-known societies of ...more

2
Adolphe-Théodore Brongniart is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Adolphe-Théodore Brongniart Died at 75 (1801-1876) Adolphe-Théodore Brongniart was a French botanist. He was the son of the geologist Alexandre Brongniart and grandson of the architect, Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart. Brongniart's ...more

3
Adrien René Franchet is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Adrien René Franchet Died at 66 (1834-1900) Adrien René Franchet was a French botanist, based at the Paris Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. He is noted for his extensive work describing the flora of China and Japan, ...more

4
Adrien-Henri de Jussieu is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Adrien-Henri de Jussieu Died at 56 (1797-1853) Adrien-Henri de Jussieu was a French botanist. Born in Paris as the son of botanist Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, he received the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1824 with a treatise of the plant ...more

5
Aimé Bonpland is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Aimé Bonpland Died at 85 (1773-1858) Aimé Jacques Alexandre Bonpland was a French explorer and botanist.

6
Henri Cassini is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Henri Cassini Died at 51 (1781-1832) Count Alexandre Henri Gabriel de Cassini was a French botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family. He was the youngest of five children of Jacques Dominique, Comte de ...more

7
Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle Died at 87 (1806-1893) Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyrame de Candolle was a French-Swiss botanist, the son of the Swiss botanist Augustin Pyramus de Candolle. He first devoted himself to the study of law, but gradually ...more

8
Amédée-François Frézier is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Amédée-François Frézier Died at 91 (1682-1773) Amédée-François Frézier was a French military engineer, mathematician, spy, and explorer who is best remembered for bringing back five specimens of Fragaria ...more

9
André Michaux is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Botanists from France
André Michaux Died at 56 (1746-1802) André Michaux, also spelled: Andrew Michaud, was a French botanist and explorer. He is most noted for his study of North American flora. In addition Michaux collected specimens in ...more

10
André Thouin is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Botanists from France
André Thouin Died at 78 (1746-1824) André Thouin was a French botanist born in Paris. His younger brother, Gabriel Thouin, was a noted landscape architect. He studied botany under Bernard de Jussieu, and in 1793 attained ...more

11
Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper Died at 45 (1856-1901) Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper was a botanist and phytogeographer who made major contributions in the fields of histology, ecology and plant geography.

12
Antoine de Jussieu is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Antoine de Jussieu Died at 72 (1686-1758) Antoine de Jussieu was a French naturalist. Jussieu was born in Lyon, the son of Christophe de Jussieu, an apothecary of some repute, who published a Nouveau traité de la theriaque. ...more

13
Antoine François Passy is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Antoine François Passy Died at 81 (1792-1873) Antoine François Passy was a French politician, geologist, and botanist. He was sub-secretary of state for the Interior in the Cabinet of François-Pierre Guizot.

14
Antoine Laurent de Jussieu is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Antoine Laurent de Jussieu Died at 88 (1748-1836) Antoine Laurent de Jussieu was a French botanist, notable as the first to publish a natural classification of flowering plants; much of his system remains in use today. His classification was ...more

15
Armand David is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Armand David Died at 74 (1826-1900) Father Armand David, also known in common names by the French Père David, was a Lazarist missionary Catholic priest as well as a zoologist and a botanist.

16
Augustin Saint-Hilaire is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Augustin Saint-Hilaire Died at 74 (1779-1853) Augustin François César Prouvençal de Saint-Hilaire, French botanist and traveler, was born at Orléans, France, on 4 October 1779. A keen observer, he is credited ...more

17
Bernard de Jussieu is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Bernard de Jussieu Died at 78 (1699-1777) Bernard de Jussieu was a French naturalist, younger brother of Antoine de Jussieu. Bernard de Jussieu was born in Lyon. He took a medical degree at Montpellier and began practice in 1720, but ...more

18
Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré Died at 65 (1789-1854) Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré was a French botanist. He was born in Angoulême, the son of J-J. Gaudichaud and Rose Gaudichaud. He studied pharmacology at Cognac and Angoulême. He ...more

19
Charles Louis L'Héritier de Br... is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle Died at 54 (1746-1800) Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle was an 18th-century French botanist and magistrate. Born into an affluent upper-class Parisian family, connections with the French Royal Court secured ...more

20
Charles Plumier is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Charles Plumier Died at 58 (1646-1704) Charles Plumier was a French botanist, after whom the Frangipani genus Plumeria is named. Plumier is considered one of the most important of the botanical explorers of his time. He made three ...more

21
Charles Tulasne is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Charles Tulasne Died at 68 (1816-1884) Charles Tulasne was a French physician, mycologist and illustrator born in Langeais in the département of Indre-et-Loire. He received his medical doctorate in 1840 and practiced medicine ...more

22
Charles-François Brisseau de M... is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Charles-François Brisseau de Mirbel Died at 78 (1776-1854) Charles-François Brisseau de Mirbel was a French botanist and politician. He was a founder of the science of plant cytology. A native Parisian, at the age of twenty, he became an ...more

23
Claude Joseph Geoffroy is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Claude Joseph Geoffroy Died at 67 (1685-1752) Claude Joseph Geoffroy was the brother of Étienne François Geoffroy. Like his brother, he was an apothecary and chemist. Having a considerable knowledge of botany, he devoted ...more

24
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque Died at 57 (1783-1840) Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz, as he is known in Europe, was a nineteenth-century polymath born near Constantinople and self-educated in France. He traveled as a young man in the United ...more

25
Élie-Abel Carrière is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Élie-Abel Carrière Died at 78 (1818-1896) Élie-Abel Carrière was a French botanist, based in Paris. He was a leading authority on conifers in the period 1850-1870, describing many new species, and the new genera Tsuga, ...more

26
Emmanuel Liais is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Emmanuel Liais Died at 74 (1826-1900) Emmanuel Liais was a French astronomer, botanist and explorer who spent many years in Brazil. He was born in Cherbourg, the son of a wealthy family in the shipbuilding industry. He was an ...more

27
Ernest Cosson is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Ernest Cosson Died at 70 (1819-1889) Ernest Saint-Charles Cosson was a French botanist born in Paris Cosson is known for his botanical research in North Africa, and during his career he participated in eight trips to Algeria. In ...more

28
Ferdinand Joseph L'Herminier is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Ferdinand Joseph L'Herminier Died at 64 (1802-1866) Ferdinand Joseph L'Herminier was a French botanist and zoologist born in Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe. He was the son of naturalist Félix Louis L'Herminier, and a student of Henri Marie ...more

29
François André Michaux is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Botanists from France
François André Michaux Died at 85 (1770-1855) François André Michaux was a French botanist, son of André Michaux and the namesake of Michaux State Forest in Pennsylvania. Michaux père botanized in North America ...more

30
François Boissier de Sauvages ... is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Botanists from France
François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix Died at 61 (1706-1767) François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix was a French physician and botanist who was a native of Alès. He was the brother of botanist Pierre Augustin Boissier de Sauvages. He ...more

31
François Gagnepain is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Botanists from France
François Gagnepain Died at 86 (1866-1952) François Gagnepain was a French botanist. The standard botanical author abbreviation Gagnep. is applied to plants described by Gagnepain. With Achille Eugène Finet, he named a ...more

32
Gaspard Adolphe Chatin is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Gaspard Adolphe Chatin Died at 88 (1813-1901) Gaspard Adolphe Chatin was a French physician, mycologist and botanist who was born in Isère, and died in Les Essarts-le-Roi. He was the first to prove that goiter was related of iodine ...more

33
Georg Forster is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Georg Forster Died at 40 (1754-1794) Johann Georg Adam Forster was a naturalist, ethnologist, travel writer, journalist, and revolutionary. At an early age, he accompanied his father on several scientific expeditions, including ...more

34
Georges Louis Marie Dumont de ... is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Georges Louis Marie Dumont de Courset Died at 78 (1746-1824) George Louis Marie Dumont de Courset was a French botanist and agronomist. Born near Boulogne, he studied in Paris and showed an aptitude for music and drawing. He joined the military when he ...more

35
Gustave Thuret is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Gustave Thuret Died at 58 (1817-1875) Gustave Adolphe Thuret was a noted French botanist, and founder of the Jardin botanique de la Villa Thuret.

36
Henri Dutrochet is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Henri Dutrochet Died at 71 (1776-1847) René Joachim Henri Dutrochet was a French physician, botanist and physiologist. He is best known for his investigation into osmosis.

37
Henri Ernest Baillon is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Henri Ernest Baillon Died at 68 (1827-1895) Henri Ernest Baillon was a French botanist and physician. He was born in Calais on November 30, 1827 and died in Paris on July 19, 1895. Baillon spent his professional life as a professor of ...more

38
Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau Died at 82 (1700-1782) Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau, was a French physician, naval engineer and botanist.

39
Hippolyte François Jaubert is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Hippolyte François Jaubert Died at 76 (1798-1874) Count Hippolyte François Jaubert was a French politician and botanist. Jaubert was born in Paris, the son of François Hippolyte Jaubert and Rosalie Mélanie Cheminade. He was ...more

40
Hugh Algernon Weddell is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Hugh Algernon Weddell Died at 58 (1819-1877) Hugh Algernon Weddell was a physician and botanist, specialising in South American flora. Weddell was born at Birches House, Painswick near Gloucester, England but was raised in France and ...more

41
Jacques Labillardière is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jacques Labillardière Died at 79 (1755-1834) Jacques-Julien Houtou de Labillardière was a French biologist noted for his descriptions of the flora of Australia. Labillardière was a member of a voyage in search of the La ...more

42
Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Sai... is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre Died at 77 (1737-1814) Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre was a French writer and botanist. He is best known for his 1788 novel Paul et Virginie, now largely forgotten, but in the 19th century a very popular ...more

43
Jean Bachelot La Pylaie is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean Bachelot La Pylaie Died at 70 (1786-1856) Jean Marie Auguste Bachelot de La Pylaie was a French botanist, explorer and archaeologist. He studied at Laval, and then in Paris at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, where he ...more

44
Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vi... is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent Died at 68 (1778-1846) Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent was a French naturalist.

45
Jean Baptiste Christophore Fus... is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet Died at 58 (1720-1778) Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet was a French pharmacist, botanist and explorer. Born in Salon-de-Provence, he joined the French East India Company and in 1752 was sent to ...more

46
Jean Baptiste François Pierre ... is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean Baptiste François Pierre Bulliard Died at 51 (1742-1793) Jean Baptiste François Pierre Bulliard was a French physician and botanist. Bulliard studied in Langres, afterwards in Clairvaux and in Paris. There he also practiced as a physician. He ...more

47
Jean-Baptiste Leschenault de L... is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean-Baptiste Leschenault de La Tour Died at 53 (1773-1826) Jean-Baptiste Louis Claude Théodore Leschenault de La Tour was a French botanist and ornithologist. Born at the family seat, Le Villard, near Chalon-sur-Saône, Leschenault de la ...more

48
Jean de Thévenot is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean de Thévenot Died at 34 (1633-1667) Jean de Thévenot was a French traveller in the East, who wrote extensively about his journeys. He was also a linguist, natural scientist and botanist. He was born in Paris and received ...more

49
Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire Died at 73 (1772-1845) Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire was a French naturalist and artist, born in Grasse, France.

50
Jean Louis Marie Poiret is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Botanists from France
Jean Louis Marie Poiret Died at 79 (1755-1834) Jean Louis Marie Poiret was a French clergyman, botanist and explorer. From 1785 to 1786 he was sent by Louis XVI to Algeria to study the flora. After the French Revolution he became a professor ...more