READ Famous Botanists from Germany

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List of notable or famous botanists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top botanists born in Germany and even some popular botanists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German botanists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These botanists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known botanist from Germany is included when available.

This list is made up of many different people, including Matthias Jakob Schleiden and Peter Simon Pallas.

This historic botanists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German botanists of note?" and "Who are the most famous botanists from Germany?" These prominent botanists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German botanists.

Use this list of renowned German botanists to discover some new botanists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (189 items)

1
Maria Sibylla Merian is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 70 (1647-1717) Maria Sibylla Merian was a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family, founders of one of Europe's largest publishing ...more

2
Ferdinand von Mueller is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 71 (1825-1896) Baron Sir Ferdinand Jacob Heinrich von Mueller, KCMG was a German-Australian physician, geographer, and most notably, a botanist. He was appointed Government Botanist for the then colony of ...more

3
Henri Dutrochet is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 71 (1776-1847) René Joachim Henri Dutrochet was a French physician, botanist and physiologist. He is best known for his investigation into osmosis.

4
Johann Friedrich von Eschschol... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 38 (1793-1831) Johann Friedrich Eschscholtz was a Baltic German physician, botanist, zoologist and entomologist. Eschscholtz was born in Dorpat, Governorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire. He studied ...more

5
Jacob Theodor Klein is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 74 (1685-1759) Jacob Theodor Klein was a Royal Prussian jurist, historian, botanist, zoologist, mathematician and diplomat in service of Polish King August II the Strong.

6
Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 81 (1795-1876) Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, and microscopist, was one of the most famous and productive scientists of his time.

7
Heinrich Christian Friedrich S... is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 73 (1757-1830) Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher was a Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy at the University of Copenhagen. Schumacher carried out significant research work in malacology, ...more

8
Johann Bartsch is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 29 (1709-1738) Johann Bartsch was a German physician, who graduated in the Netherlands at Leiden University in 1737. His Thesis de Calore Corporis Humani hygraulico is the only work he published. He was much ...more

9
Katherine Esau is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 99 (1898-1997) Katherine Esau was a German-American botanist who received the National Medal of Science for her work on plant anatomy.

10
Peter Simon Pallas is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 70 (1741-1811) Peter Simon Pallas was a German zoologist and botanist who worked in Russia.

11
Christian Ehrenfried Weigel is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 83 (1748-1831) Christian Ehrenfried Weigel was a German scientist and, beginning in 1774, a professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, and Mineralogy at the University of Greifswald. Born in Stralsund, in 1771 ...more

12
Matthias Jakob Schleiden is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 77 (1804-1881) Matthias Jakob Schleiden was a German botanist and co-founder of the cell theory, along with Theodor Schwann and Rudolf Virchow. Born in Hamburg, Schleiden was educated at Heidelberg, then ...more

13
Ferdinand Cohn is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 70 (1828-1898) Ferdinand Julius Cohn was a German biologist. He is one of the founders of modern bacteriology and microbiology. Ferdinand J. Cohn was born in the Jewish quarter of Breslau in the Prussian ...more

14
Georg Forster is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 40 (1754-1794) Johann Georg Adam Forster was a naturalist, ethnologist, travel writer, journalist, and revolutionary. At an early age, he accompanied his father on several scientific expeditions, including ...more

15
Henry Nicholas Bolander is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 66 (1831-1897) Henry Nicholas Bolander was a German-American botanist and educator. Bolander was born in Schlüchtern, Germany and emigrated to the United States in 1846. He joined his uncle in Columbus, ...more

16
Nathanael Pringsheim is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 71 (1823-1894) Nathanael Pringsheim was a German botanist.

17
Augustus Quirinus Rivinus is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 71 (1652-1723) Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, also known as August Bachmann or A. Q. Bachmann, was a German physician and botanist who helped to develop better ways of classifying plants.

18
Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 45 (1856-1901) Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper was a botanist and phytogeographer who made major contributions in the fields of histology, ecology and plant geography.

19
George Engelmann is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 75 (1809-1884) George Engelmann, also known as Georg Engelmann, was a German-American botanist. He was instrumental in describing the flora of the west of North America, then very poorly known; he was ...more

20
Wilhelm Philippe Schimper is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 72 (1808-1880) Wilhelm Philippe Schimper was a French botanist born in Dossenheim-sur-Zinsel, Bas-Rhin, a town near the River Rhine in Alsace. He was the father of botanist Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper, and ...more

21
Johann Jacob Dillenius is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 63 (1684-1747) Johann Jacob Dillen Dillenius was a German botanist. Dillen was born at Darmstadt and was educated at the University of Giessen, where he wrote several botanical papers for the Ephemerides ...more

22
Philipp Friedrich Gmelin is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 47 (1721-1768) Philipp Friedrich Gmelin was a professor of botany and chemistry. He studied the chemistry of antimony and wrote texts on the pancreatic ducts, on mineral waters, and on botany. He was a brother ...more

23
Ignatz Urban is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 83 (1848-1931) Ignatz Urban was a German botanist. He is known for his contributions to the flora of the Caribbean and Brazil, and for his work as curator of the Berlin Botanical Garden. Born the son of a ...more

24
Engelbert Kaempfer is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 65 (1651-1716) Engelbert Kaempfer was a German naturalist and physician known for his tour of Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan between 1683 and 1693. He wrote two books about his travels. ...more

25
Julius von Sachs is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 65 (1832-1897) Julius von Sachs was a German botanist from Breslau, Prussian Silesia. At an early age he showed a taste for natural history, becoming acquainted with the Breslau physiologist Jan Evangelista ...more

26
Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Ka... is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 91 (1817-1908) Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten was a German botanist and geologist. Born in Stralsund, he followed the example of Alexander von Humboldt and traveled 1844-56 the northern part of South ...more

27
Philipp Franz von Siebold is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 70 (1796-1866) Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold was a German physician, botanist, and traveler. He taught some pupils Western medicine in Japan. He achieved prominence by his studies of Japanese flora and ...more

28
Valerius Cordus is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 29 (1515-1544) Valerius Cordus was a German physician and botanist who authored one of the greatest pharmacopoeias and one of the most celebrated herbals in history. He is also widely credited with developing ...more

29
Ernst Pringsheim, Jr. is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 89 (1881-1970) Ernst Pringsheim, Jr., Ernst Georg Pringsheim jun., or Ernst Georg Pringsheim was a German Natural scientist and plant physiologist. He taught as a professor for biochemistry and botany, in the ...more

30
Georg Klebs is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 61 (1857-1918) Georg Albrecht Klebs was a German botanist from Neidenburg, Prussia. His brother was the historian Elimar Klebs.

31
Franz Meyen is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 36 (1804-1840) Franz Julius Ferdinand Meyen was a Prussian physician and botanist. Meyen was born in Tilsit, East Prussia. In 1830 he wrote Phytotomie, the first major study of plant anatomy. Between 1830 and ...more

32
Eduard Strasburger is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 68 (1844-1912) Eduard Adolf Strasburger was a Polish-German professor who was one of the most famous botanists of the 19th century. He was born in Warsaw, Congress Poland, son of Edward Bogumił Strasburger. In ...more

33
Johann Hedwig is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 69 (1730-1799) Johann Hedwig, also seen as Johannes Hedwig or Latinised as Joannis Hedwig, was a German botanist notable for his studies of mosses, in particular the observation of sexual reproduction in the ...more

34
Johann Jacob Paul Moldenhawer is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 61 (1766-1827) Johann Jacob Paul Moldenhawer was a German botanist who made a number of important discoveries in plant anatomy. He was born in Hamburg, the son of a minister, and started out studying theology ...more

35
Karl Ludwig Philipp Zeyher is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 59 (1799-1858) Karl Ludwig Philipp Zeyher, was a botanical and insect collector who collected extensively in South Africa. He was the author, with Christian Friedrich Ecklon, of Enumeratio Plantarum Africae ...more

36
Rodolfo Amando Philippi is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 96 (1808-1904) Rodolfo Amando Philippi was a German–Chilean paleontologist and zoologist. He left his native Germany as a young man because he thought he was gravely ill and preferred to die in the mild ...more

37
Friedrich August Rudolph Kolen... is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 52 (1812-1864) Friedrich August Rudolph Kolenati was a Czech-German botanist and zoologist active primarily in Prague and Brno. Kolenati was born in Prague where he completed elementary school and high school, ...more

38
Friedrich Sellow is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 42 (1789-1831) Friedrich Sellow was a German botanist and naturalist. He was one of the earliest European scientific explorers of Brazil, and a major collector of Brazilian flora. Friedrich Sellow was born on ...more

39
Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 53 (1742-1795) Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart was a German botanist, a pupil of Carolus Linnaeus at Uppsala University, and later director of the Botanical Garden of Hannover, where he produced several major ...more

40
Adelbert von Chamisso is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 57 (1781-1838) Adelbert von Chamisso was a German poet and botanist. He wrote Peter Schlemihl, a famous story about a man who sold his shadow.

41
Andreas Cleyer is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 64 (1634-1698) Andreas Cleyer was a German physician, pharmacist, botanist, trader and Japanologist.

42
Frederick Traugott Pursh is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 46 (1774-1820) Frederick Traugott Pursh was a German–American botanist. Born in Großenhain, Saxony, under the name Friedrich Traugott Pursh, he was educated at Dresden Botanical Gardens, and emigrated to ...more

43
Hans Winkler is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 68 (1877-1945) Professor Hans Karl Albert Winkler was a German botanist. He was Professor of Botany at the University of Hamburg, and a director of that university's Institute of Botany. Winkler coined the ...more

44
Christian Ferdinand Friedrich ... is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 78 (1812-1890) Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Krauss, was a German scientist, traveller and collector.

45
Adolf Engler is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 86 (1844-1930) Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler was a German botanist. He is notable for his work on plant taxonomy and phytogeography, such as Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, edited with Karl A. E. von ...more

46
Hans Wiehler is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 73 (1930-2003) Hans Joachim Wiehler was a German botanist who specialized in the plant family Gesneriaceae. In 1954 he received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Goshen College in Goshen, Indiana and a Bachelor ...more

47
Georg August Schweinfurth is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Georg August Schweinfurth Died at 89 (1836-1925) Georg August Schweinfurth was a Baltic German botanist, traveller in East Central Africa and ethnologist. He was born at Riga, Latvia, then part of the Russian Empire. He was educated at the ...more

48
Heinz Ellenberg is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Heinz Ellenberg Died at 84 (1913-1997) Heinz Ellenberg was a German biologist, botanist and ecologist. Ellenberg was an advocate of viewing ecological systems through holistic means. He developed 9–point scales for rating European ...more

49
Helmut Metzner is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 74 (1925-1999) Helmut Metzner was an plant physiologist, Professor of Biochemical Plant Physiology at Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, the founder of the European Academy of Environmental Affairs ...more

50
Johann David Schoepff is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Botanists from Germany
Died at 48 (1752-1800) Johann David Schoepff, or Schoepf, or Schöpf, was a German botanist, zoologist, and physician. He was born in Bayreuth and travelled to New York in 1777 as the chief surgeon for the Ansbach ...more