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Famous Botanists from Germany

Updated October 13, 2018 4.2k views189 items

List of notable or famous botanists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top botanists born in Germany and even some popular botanists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German botanists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These botanists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known botanist from Germany is included when available.

This list is made up of many different people, including Matthias Jakob Schleiden and Peter Simon Pallas.

This historic botanists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German botanists of note?" and "Who are the most famous botanists from Germany?" These prominent botanists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German botanists.

Use this list of renowned German botanists to discover some new botanists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
  • 1

    Maria Sibylla Merian

    Dec. at 69 (1647-1717)

    BirthplaceFrankfurt, Germany

    Maria Sibylla Merian (2 April 1647 – 13 January 1717) was a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family. Merian was one of the...  more
  • 2

    Ferdinand von Mueller

    Dec. at 71 (1825-1896)

    BirthplaceRostock, Germany

    Baron Sir Ferdinand Jacob Heinrich von Mueller, (German: Müller) (30 June 1825 – 10 October 1896) was a German-Australian physician, geographer, and most notably, a botanist. He was appointed...  more
  • 3

    Henri Dutrochet

    Dec. at 70 (1776-1847)


    René Joachim Henri Dutrochet (14 November 1776 – 4 February 1847) was a French physician, botanist and physiologist. He is best known for his investigation into osmosis....  more
  • 4

    Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz

    Dec. at 37 (1793-1831)

    BirthplaceTartu, Estonia

    Johann Friedrich Gustav von Eschscholtz (1 November 1793 – 7 May 1831) was a Baltic German physician, naturalist, and entomologist. He was one of the earliest scientific explorers of the Pacific...  more
  • 5

    Jacob Theodor Klein

    Dec. at 73 (1685-1759)

    BirthplaceKönigsberg, Germany

    Jacob Theodor Klein (nickname Plinius Gedanensium; 15 August 1685 – 27 February 1759) was a German jurist, historian, botanist, zoologist, mathematician and diplomat in service of Polish King August...  more
  • 6

    Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

    Dec. at 81 (1795-1876)

    BirthplaceDelitzsch, Germany

    Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (19 April 1795 – 27 June 1876), German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, and microscopist, was one of the most famous and productive scientists of...  more
  • 7

    BirthplaceGlückstadt, Germany

    Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher (November 15, 1757 in Glückstadt, Holstein – December 9, 1830) was a Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy at the University of Copenhagen....  more
  • 8

    BirthplaceKönigsberg, Germany

    Johann Bartsch (1709, Königsberg – 1738, Suriname) was a German physician, who graduated in the Netherlands at Leiden University in 1737. His Thesis de Calore Corporis Humani hygraulico is the only...  more
  • 9

    Katherine Esau

    Dec. at 99 (1898-1997)

    BirthplaceDnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

    Katherine Esau (3 April 1898 – 4 June 1997) was a German-American botanist who received the National Medal of Science for her work on plant anatomy....  more
  • 10

    Peter Simon Pallas

    Dec. at 69 (1741-1811)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany

    Peter Simon Pallas FRS FRSE (22 September 1741 – 8 September 1811) was a Prussian zoologist and botanist who worked in Russia (1767–1810)....  more
  • 11

    Christian Ehrenfried Weigel

    Dec. at 83 (1748-1831)

    BirthplaceStralsund, Germany

    Christian Ehrenfried Weigel (24 May 1748 – 8 August 1831) was a German scientist and, beginning in 1774, a professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, and Mineralogy at the University of...  more
  • 12

    Matthias Jakob Schleiden

    Dec. at 77 (1804-1881)

    BirthplaceHamburg, Germany

    Matthias Jakob Schleiden (German pronunciation: [maˈtiːas ˈjaːkɔp ˈʃlaɪ̯dn̩]; He soon developed his love for botany into a full-time pursuit. Schleiden preferred to study plant structure under the...  more
  • 13

    Ferdinand Cohn

    Dec. at 70 (1828-1898)

    BirthplaceWrocław, Poland

    Ferdinand Julius Cohn (24 January 1828 – 25 June 1898) was a German biologist. He is one of the founders of modern bacteriology and microbiology. Ferdinand J. Cohn was born in the Jewish quarter of...  more
  • 14

    Georg Forster

    Dec. at 39 (1754-1794)

    BirthplaceMokry Dwór, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

    Johann Georg Adam Forster (German pronunciation: [ˈɡeːɔɐ̯k ˈfɔɐ̯stɐ]; November 27, 1754 – January 10, 1794) was a German naturalist, ethnologist, travel writer, journalist, and revolutionary. At an...  more
  • 15

    Henry Nicholas Bolander

    Dec. at 66 (1831-1897)

    BirthplaceSchlüchtern, Germany

    Henry Nicholas Bolander (February 22, 1831 – August 28, 1897) was a German-American botanist and educator. Bolander was born in Schlüchtern, Germany and emigrated to the United States in 1846. He...  more
  • 16

    Nathanael Pringsheim

    Dec. at 70 (1823-1894)

    BirthplaceGorzów Śląski, Poland

    Nathanael Pringsheim (30 November 1823 – 6 October 1894) was a German botanist....  more
  • 17

    Augustus Quirinus Rivinus

    Dec. at 71 (1652-1723)

    BirthplaceLeipzig, Germany

    Augustus Quirinus Rivinus (9 December 1652 – 20 December 1723), also known as August Bachmann or A. Q. Bachmann, was a German physician and botanist who helped to develop better ways of classifying...  more
  • 18

    Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper

    Dec. at 45 (1856-1901)

    BirthplaceStrasbourg, France

    Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (12 May 1856 – 9 September 1901) was a German botanist and phytogeographer who made major contributions in the fields of histology, ecology and plant geography. He...  more
  • 19

    George Engelmann

    Dec. at 75 (1809-1884)

    BirthplaceFrankfurt, Germany

    George Engelmann, also known as Georg Engelmann, (2 February 1809 – 4 February 1884) was a German-American botanist. He was instrumental in describing the flora of the west of North America, then...  more
  • 20

    Wilhelm Philippe Schimper

    Dec. at 72 (1808-1880)


    Wilhelm Philippe Schimper (January 12, 1808 – March 20, 1880) was a French botanist born in Dossenheim-sur-Zinsel, Bas-Rhin, a town near the river Rhine in Alsace. He was the father of botanist...  more
  • 21

    Johann Jacob Dillenius

    Dec. at 63 (1684-1747)

    BirthplaceDarmstadt, Germany

    Johann Jacob Dillen Dillenius (1684–2 April 1747) was a German botanist....  more
  • 22

    Philipp Friedrich Gmelin

    Dec. at 46 (1721-1768)

    BirthplaceTübingen, Germany

    Philipp Friedrich Gmelin (19 August 1721 – 9 May 1768) was a professor of botany and chemistry. He studied the chemistry of antimony and wrote texts on the pancreatic ducts, on mineral waters, and on...  more
  • 23

    Ignatz Urban

    Dec. at 83 (1848-1931)

    BirthplaceWarburg, Germany

    Ignatz Urban (7 January 1848 – 7 January 1931) was a German botanist. He is known for his contributions to the flora of the Caribbean and Brazil, and for his work as curator of the Berlin Botanical...  more
  • 24

    Engelbert Kaempfer

    Dec. at 65 (1651-1716)

    BirthplaceLemgo, Germany

    Engelbert Kaempfer (German Engelbert Kämpfer, Latin Engelbertus Kaempferus; September 16, 1651 – November 2, 1716) was a German naturalist, physician, and explorer writer known for his tour of...  more
  • 25

    Julius von Sachs

    Dec. at 64 (1832-1897)

    BirthplaceWrocław, Poland

    Julius von Sachs (German: [zaks]; 2 October 1832 – 29 May 1897) was a German botanist from Breslau, Prussian Silesia. He is a monumental figure in the history of botany....  more