READ Famous Chemists from France

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List of notable or famous chemists from France, with bios and photos, including the top chemists born in France and even some popular chemists who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French chemists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These chemists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known chemist from France is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of people like Louis Le Prince and Marie Curie.

This historic chemists from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French chemists of note?" and "Who are the most famous chemists from France?" These prominent chemists of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French chemists.

Use this list of renowned French chemists to discover some new chemists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (111 items)

1
Aimé Girard is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Aimé Girard Died at 68 (1830-1898) Alfred Claude Aimé Girard was a French chemist and agronomist who was a professor at the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers.

2
Albin Haller is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Albin Haller Died at 76 (1849-1925) Albin Haller was a French chemist. Haller founded the École Nationale Supérieure des Industries Chimiques in Nancy and later won the Davy Medal. Appointed to the French Academy of ...more

3
Alexandre Brongniart is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Alexandre Brongniart Died at 77 (1770-1847) Alexandre Brongniart was a French chemist, mineralogist, and zoologist, who collaborated with Georges Cuvier on a study of the geology of the region around Paris. He was the son of the architect ...more

4
Alexandre-Émile Béguyer de Cha... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Alexandre-Émile Béguyer de Chancourtois Died at 66 (1820-1886) Alexandre-Émile Béguyer de Chancourtois was a French geologist and mineralogist who was the first to arrange the chemical elements in order of atomic weights, doing so in 1862. De ...more

5
Alfred Joseph Naquet is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Alfred Joseph Naquet Died at 82 (1834-1916) Alfred Joseph Naquet, French chemist and politician, was born at Carpentras, on the 6th of October 1834. He became professor in the faculty of medicine in Paris in 1863, and in the same year ...more

6
André-Louis Debierne is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Chemists from France
André-Louis Debierne Died at 75 (1874-1949) André-Louis Debierne was a French chemist and is considered the discoverer of the element actinium. Debierne studied at the elite École supérieure de physique et de chimie ...more

7
Anselme Payen is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Anselme Payen Died at 76 (1795-1871) Anselme Payen was a French chemist known for discovering the enzyme diastase, and the carbohydrate cellulose.

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Anthony Dosseto is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Anthony Dosseto age 41 Anthony Dosseto, is an ARC Future Fellow and senior lecturer in Geochemistry in the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Wollongong. He completed his PhD in ...more

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Antoine Baumé is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Antoine Baumé Died at 76 (1728-1804) Antoine Baumé was a French chemist.

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Antoine Béchamp is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Antoine Béchamp Died at 92 (1816-1908) Pierre Jacques Antoine Béchamp was a French chemist and biologist now best known as a rival of Louis Pasteur. Béchamp did pioneering work in industrial chemistry, developing an ...more

11
Antoine Bussy is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Antoine Bussy Died at 88 (1794-1882) Antoine Alexandre Brutus Bussy was a French chemist who primarily studied bussays. Antoine Bussy entered the École Polytechnique in 1813, and there followed the courses delivered by ...more

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Antoine François, comte de Fou... is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy Died at 54 (1755-1809) Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy was a French chemist and a contemporary of Antoine Lavoisier. Fourcroy collaborated with Lavoisier, Guyton de Morveau, and Claude Berthollet on the ...more

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Antoine Jérôme Balard is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Antoine Jérôme Balard Died at 74 (1802-1876) Antoine Jérôme Balard was a French chemist and one of the discoverers of bromine.

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Antoine Lavoisier is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Antoine Lavoisier Died at 51 (1743-1794) Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier was a French nobleman and chemist central to the 18th-century Chemical Revolution and a large influence on both the histories of chemistry and biology. He is widely ...more

15
Antoine Saugrain is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Antoine Saugrain Died at 57 (1763-1820) Dr. Antoine François Saugrain was a French-born physician and chemist. Saugrain was educated in Paris as a physician and chemist by Antoine Fourcroy and Mathurin-Jacques Brisson. In 1783 ...more

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Armand Barbault is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Armand Barbault Died at 68 (1906-1974)

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Auguste Laurent is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Auguste Laurent Died at 46 (1807-1853) Auguste Laurent was a French chemist who helped in the founding of organic chemistry with his discoveries of anthracene, phthalic acid, and carbolic acid. He devised a systematic nomenclature ...more

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Bernard Courtois is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Bernard Courtois Died at 61 (1777-1838) Bernard Courtois, also spelled Barnard Courtois, was a French chemist born in Dijon, France.

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Charles François de Cisternay ... is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Charles François de Cisternay du Fay Died at 41 (1698-1739) Charles François de Cisternay du Fay was a French chemist and superintendent of the Jardin du Roi. He discovered the existence of two types of electricity and named them ...more

20
Charles Friedel is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Charles Friedel Died at 67 (1832-1899) Charles Friedel was a French chemist and mineralogist. A native of Strasbourg, France, he was a student of Louis Pasteur at the Sorbonne. In 1876, he became a professor of chemistry and ...more

21
Charles-Adolphe Wurtz is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Charles-Adolphe Wurtz Died at 67 (1817-1884) Charles Adolphe Wurtz was an Alsatian French chemist. He is best remembered for his decades-long advocacy for the atomic theory and for ideas about the structures of chemical compounds, against ...more

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Claude Caron is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Claude Caron Claude Caron was a chemist.

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Claude François Geoffroy is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Claude François Geoffroy Died at 24 (1729-1753) Claude François Geoffroy was a French chemist. He discovered the chemical element bismuth in 1753. Before this time, bismuth-containing minerals were frequently identified as either lead ...more

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Claude Joseph Geoffroy is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Claude Joseph Geoffroy Died at 67 (1685-1752) Claude Joseph Geoffroy was the brother of Étienne François Geoffroy. Like his brother, he was an apothecary and chemist. Having a considerable knowledge of botany, he devoted ...more

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Claude Louis Berthollet is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Claude Louis Berthollet Died at 74 (1748-1822) Claude Louis Berthollet was a Savoyard-French chemist who became vice president of the French Senate in 1804. He is known for his scientific contributions to theory of chemical equilibria via ...more

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Denys Cochin is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Denys Cochin Died at 71 (1851-1922) Baron Denys Marie Pierre Augustin Cochin was a French writer and Catholic right-wing politician. Denys Cochin was the son of Augustin Cochin, also a politician and writer. After graduating from ...more

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Edmond Frémy is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Edmond Frémy Died at 80 (1814-1894) Edmond Frémy was a French chemist. He is perhaps best known today for Frémy's salt, a strong oxidizing agent which he discovered in 1845. Fremy's salt is a long-lived free radical ...more

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Emil Kopp is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Emil Kopp Died at 58 (1817-1875) Emile Kopp, French chemist, was born at Wasselonne, Alsace. He became in 1847 professor of toxicology and chemistry at the École supérieure de Pharmacie at Strasbourg, in 1849 ...more

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Émile Henriot is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Émile Henriot Died at 76 (1885-1961) Émile Henriot was a French chemist notable for being the first to show definitely that potassium and rubidium are naturally radioactive. He investigated methods to generate extremely high ...more

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Émile Sarrau is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Émile Sarrau Died at 67 (1837-1904) Jacques Rose Ferdinand Émile Sarrau was a French chemist. He worked most of his career at the laboratory in the Dépôt Central des Poudres et Salpêtres. He did research ...more

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Étienne François Geoffroy is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Étienne François Geoffroy Died at 59 (1672-1731) Étienne François Geoffroy was a French physician and chemist, best known for his 1718 affinity tables. He first contemplated a career as an apothecary, but then decided to practice ...more

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Étienne Ossian Henry is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Étienne Ossian Henry Died at 75 (1798-1873) Étienne-Ossian Henry was a French chemist, son of Nöel Étienne Henry, and trained by his father, who was director of the Central Pharmacy of the Parisian hospitals and ...more

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Eugène Schueller is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Eugène Schueller Died at 76 (1881-1957) Eugène Paul Louis Schueller was the founder of L'Oréal, the world's leading company in cosmetics and beauty. He was one of the founders of modern advertising.

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Eugène Turpin is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Eugène Turpin Died at 79 (1848-1927) François Eugène Turpin was a French chemist involved in research of explosive materials. He lived in Colombes.

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Eugène-Anatole Demarçay is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Eugène-Anatole Demarçay Died at 51 (1852-1903) Eugène-Anatole Demarçay was a French chemist. He studied under Jean-Baptiste Dumas. During an experiment, an explosion destroyed the sight in one of his eyes. He was a spectrum ...more

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Eugène-Melchior Péligot is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Eugène-Melchior Péligot Died at 9 (1881-1890) Eugène-Melchior Péligot, also known as Eugène Péligot, was a French chemist who isolated the first sample of uranium metal in 1841. Péligot proved that the ...more

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François-Marie Raoult is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Chemists from France
François-Marie Raoult Died at 71 (1830-1901) François-Marie Raoult was a French chemist who conducted research into the behavior of solutions, especially their physical properties.

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François-Vincent Raspail is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Chemists from France
François-Vincent Raspail Died at 84 (1794-1878) François-Vincent Raspail, L.L.D., M.D. was a French chemist, naturalist, physician, physiologist, attorney, and socialist politician.

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Gaston Tissandier is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Gaston Tissandier Died at 56 (1843-1899) Gaston Tissandier was a French chemist, meteorologist, aviator and editor. Adventurer could be added to the list of his titles, as he managed to escape besieged Paris by balloon in September ...more

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Georges Claude is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Georges Claude Died at 90 (1870-1960) Georges Claude was a French engineer and inventor. He is noted for his early work on the industrial liquefaction of air, for the invention and commercialization of neon lighting, and for a large ...more

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Georges Urbain is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Georges Urbain Died at 66 (1872-1938) Georges Urbain French chemist, professor of Sorbonne. He studied at the elite École supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la ville de Paris. He discovered the

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Guillaume-François Rouelle is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Guillaume-François Rouelle Died at 67 (1703-1770) Guillaume François Rouelle was a French chemist and apothecary. In 1754 he introduced the concept of a base into chemistry, as a substance which reacts with an acid to give it solid form. ...more

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Henri B. Kagan is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Henri B. Kagan age 87 Henri Boris Kagan is currently an Emeritus Professor at the Université Paris-Sud in France. He is widely recognized as a pioneer in the field of asymmetric catalysis. His discoveries have ...more

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Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire De... is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville Died at 63 (1818-1881) Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville was a French chemist. He was born in the island of St Thomas, West Indies, where his father was French consul. Together with his elder brother Charles ...more

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Henri Moissan is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Henri Moissan Died at 55 (1852-1907) Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan was a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds. Moissan was one of the original members of ...more

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Henri Victor Regnault is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Henri Victor Regnault Died at 68 (1810-1878) Henri Victor Regnault was a French chemist and physicist best known for his careful measurements of the thermal properties of gases. He was an early thermodynamicist and was mentor to William ...more

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Henry Louis Le Chatelier is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Henry Louis Le Chatelier Died at 86 (1850-1936) Henry Louis Le Châtelier was an influential French chemist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He is most famous for devising Le Châtelier's principle, with the help of his ...more

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Hervé This is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Hervé This age 62 Hervé This is a French physical chemist who works for the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique at AgroParisTech, in Paris. His main area of scientific research is molecular ...more

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Hilaire Rouelle is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Hilaire Rouelle Died at 61 (1718-1779) Hilaire Marin Rouelle was a French chemist. Commonly cited as the 1773 discoverer of urea, he was not the first to do so. Dutch scientist Herman Boerhaave had discovered this chemical as early ...more

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Hippolyte Mège-Mouriès is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Chemists from France
Hippolyte Mège-Mouriès Died at 63 (1817-1880) Hippolyte Mège-Mouriès was a French chemist and the inventor of margarine. He was born as Hippolyte Mège, the son of a primary school teacher, but later added his mother's ...more