READ Famous Chemists from Germany

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List of notable or famous chemists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top chemists born in Germany and even some popular chemists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German chemists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These chemists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known chemist from Germany is included when available.

List includes Albertus Magnus, Gerhard Ertl and more.

This historic chemists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German chemists of note?" and "Who are the most famous chemists from Germany?" These prominent chemists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German chemists.

Use this list of renowned German chemists to discover some new chemists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (292 items)

1
Albertus Magnus is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 87 (1193-1280) Albertus Magnus, O.P., also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint. He was a German Dominican friar and a Catholic bishop. He was known during his lifetime as ...more

2
John Polanyi is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
age 89 John Charles Polanyi, PC CC FRSC OOnt FRS is a Hungarian-Canadian chemist who won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, for his research in chemical kinetics. Polanyi was educated at Manchester ...more

3
George de Hevesy is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 81 (1885-1966) George Charles de Hevesy was a Hungarian radiochemist and Nobel laureate, recognized in 1943 for his key role in the development of radioactive tracers to study chemical processes such as in the ...more

4
Gerhard Ertl is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
age 81 Gerhard Ertl is a German physicist and a Professor emeritus at the Department of Physical Chemistry, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Berlin, Germany. Ertl’s research laid the ...more

5
Carl Reichenbach is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 81 (1788-1869) Baron Dr. Carl Ludwig von Reichenbach was a notable chemist, geologist, metallurgist, naturalist, industrialist and philosopher, and a member of the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences. He ...more

6
Fritz Haber is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 66 (1868-1934) Fritz Haber was a German chemist of Jewish origin who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his development of the Haber process, which was the first industrially perfected method of ...more

7
Magnus von Braun is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 84 (1919-2003) Magnus "Mac" Freiherr von Braun was a German chemical engineer, Luftwaffe aviator, and rocket scientist at Peenemünde, the Mittelwerk, and after emigrating to the United States ...more

8
Gerhard Herzberg is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 95 (1904-1999) Gerhard Heinrich Friedrich Otto Julius Herzberg, PC CC FRSC FRS was a German-Canadian pioneering physicist and physical chemist, who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1971, "for his ...more

9
Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 73 (1829-1902) Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer was a Baltic German anatomist who discovered stellate macrophage cells that bear his name.

10
Robert Bunsen is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 88 (1811-1899) Robert Wilhelm Eberhard Bunsen was a German chemist. He investigated emission spectra of heated elements, and discovered caesium and rubidium with the physicist Gustav Kirchhoff. Bunsen ...more

11
Felix Hoffmann is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 78 (1868-1946) Felix Hoffmann was a German chemist, credited for the first synthesized medically useful forms of heroin and aspirin, while he was employed as a chemist at BayerAG.

12
Hans Adolf Krebs is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 81 (1900-1981) Sir Hans Adolf Krebs was a German-born British physician and biochemist. He was the pioneer scientist in study of cellular respiration, a biochemical pathway in cells for production of energy. ...more

13
Fritz Albert Lipmann is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 87 (1899-1986) Fritz Albert Lipmann, ForMemRS was a German-American biochemist and a co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A. For this, together with other research on coenzyme A, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in ...more

14
Ludwig Mond is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 70 (1839-1909) Dr Ludwig Mond, was a German-born chemist and industrialist who took British nationality.

15
Otto Fritz Meyerhof is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 67 (1884-1951) Otto Fritz Meyerhof ForMemRS was a German physician and biochemist.

16
Heinrich Gustav Magnus is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 68 (1802-1870) Heinrich Gustav Magnus was a notable experimental scientist. His training was mostly in chemistry but his later research was mostly in physics. He spent the great bulk of his career at the ...more

17
Samuel Mitja Rapoport is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 92 (1912-2004) Samuel Mitja Rapoport was a prominent physician, biochemist, European Jewish émigré, and Communist who fled to East Germany from McCarthyite persecution in the United States.

18
Hertha Sponer is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 73 (1895-1968) Hertha Sponer was a German physicist and chemist who contributed to modern quantum mechanics and molecular physics and was the first woman on the physics faculty of Duke University.

19
Konrad Emil Bloch is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 88 (1912-2000) Konrad Emil Bloch, ForMemRS was a German American biochemist. Bloch received the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1964 for discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the ...more

20
Hans Hellmann is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 35 (1903-1938) Hans Gustav Adolf Hellmann was a German theoretical physicist. Hellmann was born in Wilhelmshaven, Prussian Hanover. He began studying electrical engineering in Stuttgart, but changed to ...more

21
Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 89 (1910-1999) Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel-Conrat was a biochemist, famous for his viral research. Fraenkel-Conrat was born in Breslau/Germany and received an MD from the University of Breslau in 1933. Due to the ...more

22
Hermann Wilhelm Vogel is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 64 (1834-1898) Hermann Wilhelm Vogel was a German photochemist and photographer who discovered dye sensitization, which is of great importance to photography.

23
Eilhard Mitscherlich is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 69 (1794-1863) Eilhard Mitscherlich was a German chemist, who is perhaps best remembered today for his law of isomorphism, which states that compounds crystallizing together probably have similar structures ...more

24
Justus von Liebig is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 70 (1803-1873) Justus Freiherr von Liebig was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry. As a professor at the ...more

25
Richard Kuhn is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 67 (1900-1967) Richard Kuhn was an Austrian-German biochemist and Nobel laureate.

26
Friedrich Wöhler is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 82 (1800-1882) Friedrich Wöhler was a German chemist, best known for his synthesis of urea, but also the first to isolate several chemical elements.

27
Herman Frasch is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 63 (1851-1914) Herman Frasch [or Hermann Frasch] was a mining engineer and inventor known for his work with petroleum and sulphur.

28
Robert Huber is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
age 81 Robert Huber ForMemRS is a German biochemist and Nobel laureate.

29
William Francis Hillebrand is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 72 (1853-1925) William Francis Hillebrand was an American chemist.

30
Hans Fischer is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 64 (1881-1945) Hans Fischer was a German organic chemist and the recipient of the 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

31
Georg Wittig is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 90 (1897-1987) Georg Wittig was a German chemist who reported a method for synthesis of alkenes from aldehydes and ketones using compounds called phosphonium ylides in the Wittig reaction. He shared the Nobel ...more

32
Manfred Eigen is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
age 90 Manfred Eigen is a German biophysical chemist who won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on measuring fast chemical reactions.

33
Gustavus Detlef Hinrichs is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 87 (1836-1923) Gustavus Detlef Hinrichs was a chemist and natural philosopher most widely known for his findings on periodic laws within the chemical elements.

34
Carl Schorlemmer is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 58 (1834-1892) Carl Schorlemmer FRS was a German chemist who did research on hydrocarbons and contributed to the study of the history of chemistry.

35
Johann Rudolf Glauber is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 66 (1604-1670) Johann Rudolf Glauber was a German-Dutch alchemist and chemist. Some historians of science have described him as one of the first chemical engineers. His discovery of sodium sulfate in 1625 led ...more

36
Johann Schweigger is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 78 (1779-1857) Johann Salomo Christoph Schweigger was a German chemist, physicist, and professor of mathematics born in Erlangen. In 1811, he proposed the name "Chlorine" for the substance discovered ...more

37
Ernst David Bergmann is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 72 (1903-1975) Ernst David Bergmann was an Israeli nuclear scientist and chemist. He is often considered the father of the Israeli nuclear program.

38
Alfred Einhorn is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 61 (1856-1917) Alfred Einhorn was a German chemist most notable for first synthesizing procaine in 1905 which he patented under the name Novocain . Until that time the primary anesthetic in use was cocaine, ...more

39
Hermann Emil Fischer is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 67 (1852-1919) Hermann Emil Louis Fischer was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He also discovered the Fischer esterification. He developed the Fischer projection, a symbolic ...more

40
Otto Hönigschmid is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 67 (1878-1945) Otto Hönigschmid was a Czech/Austrian chemist.

41
Walther Nernst is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 77 (1864-1941) Walther Hermann Nernst, ForMemRS was a German physicist who is known for his theories behind the calculation of chemical affinity as embodied in the third law of thermodynamics, for which he won ...more

42
Carl Duisberg is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 74 (1861-1935) Friedrich Carl Duisberg was a German chemist and industrialist.

43
Ida Noddack is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 82 (1896-1978) Ida Noddack, née Ida Tacke, was a German chemist and physicist. She was the first to mention the idea of nuclear fission in 1934. With her husband Walter Noddack she discovered element ...more

44
Otto Hahn is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 89 (1879-1968) Otto Hahn, OBE, ForMemRS was a German chemist and pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1944 for the discovery of nuclear fission. He ...more

45
Paul Walden is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 94 (1863-1957) Paul Walden was a Russian and Latvian-German chemist known for his work in stereochemistry and history of chemistry. In particular he invented the stereochemical reaction known as Walden ...more

46
Erich Hückel is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 84 (1896-1980) Erich Armand Arthur Joseph Hückel ForMemRS was a German physicist and physical chemist. He is known for two major contributions: The Debye–Hückel theory of electrolytic solutions The ...more

47
Fritz Arndt is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 84 (1885-1969) Fritz Georg Arndt was a German chemist recognised for his contributions to synthetic methodology, who together with Bernd Eistert disoverered the Arndt-Eistert synthesis.

48
Rudolph Schoenheimer is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 43 (1898-1941) Rudolph Schoenheimer was a German/ U.S. biochemist who developed the technique of isotope tagging of biomolecules, enabling detailed study of metabolism. This work revealed that all the ...more

49
Friedrich Heusler is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
Dec. at 81 (1866-1947) Friedrich Heusler was a German mining engineer and chemist. He discovered a special group of intermetallics now known as Heusler phases, which are ferromagnetic though the constituting elements ...more

50
Hartmut Michel is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Chemists from Germany
age 69 Hartmut Michel is a German biochemist, who received the 1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.