Famous Chemists from Russia

List of notable or famous chemists from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top chemists born in Russia and even some popular chemists who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian chemists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These chemists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known chemist from Russia is included when available.

List features people like Dmitri Mendeleev, Nikolay Semyonov.

This historic chemists from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian chemists of note?" and "Who are the most famous chemists from Russia?" These prominent chemists of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian chemists.

Use this list of renowned Russian chemists to discover some new chemists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
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  • Alexander Borodin
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Порфи́рьевич Бороди́н, IPA: [ɐlʲɪkˈsandr pɐrˈfʲi rʲjɪvʲɪtɕ bərɐˈdʲin] (listen); 12 November 1833 – 27 February 1887) was a Russian chemist and Romantic musical composer of Georgian ancestry. He was one of the prominent 19th-century composers known as "The Mighty Handful", a group dedicated to producing a uniquely Russian kind of classical music, rather than imitating earlier Western European models. Borodin is known best for his symphonies, his two string quartets, the symphonic poem In the Steppes of Central Asia and his opera Prince Igor. Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was later adapted for the US musical Kismet. A doctor ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 53 (1833-1887)
    • Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Alexander Butlerov
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain

    Alexander Butlerov

    Alexander Mikhaylovich Butlerov (Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Бу́тлеров; 15 September 1828 – 17 August 1886) was a Russian chemist, one of the principal creators of the theory of chemical structure (1857–1861), the first to incorporate double bonds into structural formulas, the discoverer of hexamine (1859), the discoverer of formaldehyde (1859) and the discoverer of the formose reaction (1861). He first proposed the idea of possible tetrahedral arrangement of valence bonds in carbon compounds in 1862. The crater Butlerov on the Moon is named after him. Alexander Butlerov was born in Chistopol into a landowning family.
    • Age: Dec. at 57 (1828-1886)
    • Birthplace: Chistopol, Russia
  • Alexander Dianin

    Alexander Pavlovich Dianin (Russian: Александр Павлович Дианин; April 20, 1851 – December 6, 1918) was a Russian chemist from Saint Petersburg. He carried out studies on phenols and discovered a phenol derivative now known as bisphenol A and the accordingly named Dianin's compound. He was married to the adopted daughter of fellow chemist Alexander Borodin. In 1887, Dianin succeeded his father-in-law as chair of the Chemistry Department at the Imperial Medical-Surgical Academy in St. Petersburg (now the S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy).
    • Age: Dec. at 67 (1851-1918)
    • Birthplace: Davydovo, Orekhovo-Zuyevsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia
  • Alexander Mikhaylovich Zaytsev
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain

    Alexander Mikhaylovich Zaytsev

    Aleksander Mikhaylovich Zaytsev (Russian: Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович За́йцев), also spelled as Saytzeff and Saytzev (2 July 1841 – 1 September 1910), was a Russian chemist. He worked on organic compounds and proposed Zaitsev's rule, which predicts the product composition of an elimination reaction.
    • Age: Dec. at 69 (1841-1910)
    • Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
  • Alexander Ivanovich Oparin (Александр Иванович Опарин; March 2 [O.S. February 18] 1894 – April 21, 1980) was a Soviet biochemist notable for his theories about the origin of life, and for his book The Origin of Life. He also studied the biochemistry of material processing by plants and enzyme reactions in plant cells. He showed that many food-production processes were based on biocatalysis and developed the foundations for industrial biochemistry in the USSR.
    • Age: Dec. at 86 (1894-1980)
    • Birthplace: Uglich, Russia
  • Alexey Yevgrafovich Favorsky, also spelled Favorskii (Russian: Алексе́й Евгра́фович Фаво́рский; 3 March [O.S. 20 February] 1860 – 8 August 1945), was a Soviet/Russian chemist.
    • Age: Dec. at 95 (1850-1945)
    • Birthplace: Pavlovo, Russia