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Famous Female Astronomers

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List of famous female astronomers, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female astronomers list contains the most prominent and top females known for being astronomers. There are thousand of females working as astronomers in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic astronomers have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a astronomer then the people below should give you inspiration.

List contains women astronomers like Judith L. Pipher, Julie Vinter Hansen.

While this isn't a list of all female astronomers, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female astronomers?" and "Who are the best female astronomers?"
  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Henrietta Swan Leavitt (; July 4, 1868 – December 12, 1921) was an American astronomer. A graduate of Radcliffe College, she worked at the Harvard College Observatory as a "computer", tasked with examining photographic plates in order to measure and catalog the brightness of stars. This work led her to discover the relation between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variables. Leavitt's discovery provided astronomers with the first "standard candle" with which to measure the distance to faraway galaxies. After her death, Edwin Hubble used Leavitt's luminosity–period relation, together with the galactic spectral shifts first measured by Vesto Slipher at Lowell Observatory, in order...  more
    • Age: Dec. at 53 (1868-1921)
    • Birthplace: Lancaster, Massachusetts
  • Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɪŋɡrɪt fɑn ˈɦʌutə(ŋ) ˈɣrunəˌvɛlt]; 21 October 1921 – 30 March 2015) was a Dutch astronomer. In a jointly credited trio with Tom Gehrels and her husband Cornelis Johannes van Houten, she was the discoverer of many thousands of asteroids (credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery of 4,641 numbered minor planets). In the Palomar–Leiden survey, Gehrels took the images using the 48-inch Schmidt telescope at Palomar Observatory and shipped the photographic plates to the van Houtens at Leiden Observatory, who analyzed them for new asteroids. The trio are jointly credited with several thousand asteroid discoveries. Van...  more
    • Age: 100
  • Ruby Violet Payne-Scott, BSc (Phys) MSc DipEd (Syd) (28 May 1912 – 25 May 1981) was an Australian pioneer in radiophysics and radio astronomy, and was the first female radio astronomer....  more
    • Age: Dec. at 68 (1912-1981)
    • Birthplace: Grafton, Australia
  • Andrea Mia Ghez (born June 16, 1965) is an American astronomer and professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at UCLA. In 2004, Discover magazine listed Ghez as one of the top 20 scientists in the United States who have shown a high degree of understanding in their respective fields....  more
    • Age: 56
    • Birthplace: New York City, New York