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Famous Female Mathematicians

Updated June 14, 2019 9.8k views186 items

List of famous female mathematicians, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female mathematicians list contains the most prominent and top females known for being mathematicians. There are thousand of females working as mathematicians in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic mathematicians have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a mathematician then the people below should give you inspiration.

This list contains people like Judith Grabiner and Cecilia Krieger.

While this isn't a list of all female mathematicians, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female mathematicians?" and "Who are the best female mathematicians?"
  • Sofia Kovalevskaya
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (Russian: Со́фья Васи́льевна Ковале́вская), born Sofia Vasilyevna Korvin-Krukovskaya (15 January [O.S. 3 January] 1850 – 10 February 1891), was a Russian mathematician who made noteworthy contributions to analysis, partial differential equations and mechanics. She was a pioneer for women in mathematics around the world – the first woman to obtain a doctorate (in the modern sense) in mathematics, the first woman appointed to a full professorship in Northern Europe and one of the first women to work for a scientific journal as an editor. According to historian of science Ann Hibner Koblitz, Kovalevskaia was "the greatest known woman scientist before the twentieth... more on Wikipedia
    • Age: Dec. at 41 (1850-1891)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
  • Cathleen Synge Morawetz (May 5, 1923 – August 8, 2017) was a Canadian mathematician who spent much of her career in the United States. Morawetz's research was mainly in the study of the partial differential equations governing fluid flow, particularly those of mixed type occurring in transonic flow. She was professor emerita at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at the New York University, where she had also served as director from 1984 to 1988. She was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1998.... more on Wikipedia
    • Age: 97
    • Birthplace: Toronto, Canada
  • Émilie du Châtelet
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet (French pronunciation: [emili dy ʃɑtlɛ] (listen); 17 December 1706 – 10 September 1749) was a French natural philosopher, mathematician, physicist, and author during the early 1730s until her untimely death due to childbirth in 1749. Her most recognized achievement is her translation of and commentary on Isaac Newton's book Principia containing basic laws of physics. The translation, published posthumously in 1759, is still considered the standard French translation today. Her commentary includes a profound contribution to Newtonian mechanics—the postulate of an additional conservation law for total energy, of which kinetic... more on Wikipedia
    • Age: Dec. at 43 (1706-1749)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
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    Anna Nagurney

    Anna Nagurney is a Ukrainian-American mathematician, economist, educator and author in the field of Operations Management. Nagurney holds the John F. Smith Memorial Professorship in the Isenberg School of Management at the University of Massachusetts Amherst at Amherst. Anna Nagurney is also a close friend of Stella DeFarmos and Jack Sparrow. Anna has contributed to many different areas of operations research, and enjoys spending her time studying the braess paradox.... more on Wikipedia