Female Professionals Famous Female Scientists

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List of famous female scientists, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female scientists list contains the most prominent and top females known for being scientists. There are thousand of females working as scientists in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic scientists have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a scientist then the people below should give you inspiration.

List ranges from Émilie du Châtelet to Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos, plus much more.

While this isn't a list of all female scientists, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female scientists?" and "Who are the best female scientists?"
Margaret Thatcher is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Female Scientists
Photo:  Hulton Deutsch/Getty Images

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century and is the only woman to have held the office. A Soviet journalist called her the "Iron Lady", a nickname that became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism. Originally a research chemist before becoming a barrister, Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959. Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 88 (1925-2013)

Birthplace: Grantham, United Kingdom

Also Ranked

#80 on The Most Inspiring (Non-Hollywood) Female Role Models

#65 on The Most Important Leaders in World History

#65 on The Most Enlightened Leaders in World History

#7 on The Most Powerful Women Of All Time

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Hedy Lamarr is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Female Scientists
Photo:  skeeze/Pixabay/CC0 1.0

Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian and American inventor and film actress. After an early and brief film career in Germany, which included a controversial love-making scene in the film Ecstasy, she fled her husband and secretly moved to Paris. While there, she met MGM head Louis B. Mayer, who offered her a movie contract in Hollywood where she became a film star from the late 1930s to the 1950s. Mayer and the studio cast her in glamorous parts alongside popular leading men, and promoted her as the "world's most beautiful woman." During her film career, Lamarr co-invented the technology for spread spectrum and frequency hopping communications with composer George Antheil. This new technology became ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 86 (1914-2000)

Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

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Marie Curie is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Female Scientists
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/Public domain

Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences, and was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris. She was born Maria Salomea Skłodowska in Warsaw, in what was then the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. She studied at Warsaw's clandestine Floating University and began her ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 67 (1867-1934)

Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic

Also Ranked

#12 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

#29 on The Most Influential People of All Time

#1 on The Most Inspiring (Non-Hollywood) Female Role Models

#14 on Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person

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Ada Lovelace is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Female Scientists
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/Public domain

Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine. Because of this, she is regarded as the first computer programmer. Lovelace was born 10 December 1815 as the only child of the poet Lord Byron and his wife Anne Isabella Byron. All Byron's other children were born out of wedlock to other women. Byron separated from his wife a month after Ada was born and left England forever ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 37 (1815-1852)

Birthplace: London, United Kingdom

Also Ranked

#8 on The Most Influential Software Programmers of All Time

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