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female professionals Famous Female Scientists

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List of famous female scientists, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female scientists list contains the most prominent and top females known for being scientists. There are thousand of females working as scientists in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic scientists have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a scientist then the people below should give you inspiration.

List ranges from Émilie du Châtelet to Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos, plus much more.

While this isn't a list of all female scientists, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female scientists?" and "Who are the best female scientists?"
Margaret Thatcher is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Female Scientists
Photo:  Hulton Deutsch/Getty Images

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century and is the only woman to have held the office. ...more

Age: Died at 88 (1925-2013)

Birthplace: Grantham, United Kingdom

Profession: Statesman, Politician, Chemist, Barrister, Scientist, + more

Credits: Tracking Down Maggie: The Unofficial Biography of Margaret Thatcher, The Gulf War, Video Nasties: Moral Panic, Censorship & Videotape, Ban the Sadist Videos!

Also Ranked

#68 on The Most Enlightened Leaders in World History

#2 on The Most Powerful Women In The World

#69 on The Most Important Leaders in World History

#16 on The Most Influential People of the Cold War

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Hedy Lamarr is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Female Scientists
Photo:  skeeze/Pixabay/CC0 1.0

Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian and American inventor and film actress. After an early and brief film career in Germany, which included a controversial love-making scene in the film Ecstasy, she fled her husband and secretly moved to Paris. While there, she met MGM head Louis B. Mayer, who offered her a ...more

Age: Died at 86 (1914-2000)

Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

Profession: Pin-up girl, Inventor, Scientist, Actor, Engineer

Credits: Samson and Delilah, Ecstasy, The Strange Woman, Algiers

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Marie Curie is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences, and was part of the ...more

Age: Died at 67 (1867-1934)

Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic

Profession: Physicist, Chemist, Scientist

Also Ranked

#1 on The Most Inspiring (Non-Hollywood) Female Role Models

#49 on People We Wish Were Still Alive

#12 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

#30 on The Most Influential People of All Time

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Ada Lovelace is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Female Scientists
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is ...more

Age: Died at 37 (1815-1852)

Birthplace: London, United Kingdom

Profession: Programmer, Mathematician, Computer scientist, Scientist, Writer

Also Ranked

#11 on The Most Influential Software Programmers of All Time

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