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Famous Female Scientists

Updated June 14, 2019 18.0k views277 items

List of famous female scientists, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female scientists list contains the most prominent and top females known for being scientists. There are thousand of females working as scientists in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic scientists have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a scientist then the people below should give you inspiration.

List ranges from Émilie du Châtelet to Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos, plus much more.

While this isn't a list of all female scientists, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female scientists?" and "Who are the best female scientists?"
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  • Margaret Thatcher
    Photo: Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS / Getty Images
    Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (née Roberts; 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to hold that office. A Soviet journalist dubbed her "The 'Iron Lady'", a nickname that became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented policies known as Thatcherism. She studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford, and worked briefly as a research chemist, before becoming a barrister. Thatcher was... more on Wikipedia
    • Age: Dec. at 88 (1925-2013)
    • Birthplace: Grantham, United Kingdom

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  • Hedy Lamarr (), born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler; November 9, 1914 – January 19, 2000) was an Austrian-born American film actress and inventor.After a brief early film career in Czechoslovakia, including the controversial Ecstasy (1933), she fled from her husband, a wealthy Austrian ammunition manufacturer, and secretly moved to Paris. Traveling to London, she met Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) studio head Louis B. Mayer, who offered her a movie contract in Hollywood. She became a film star with her performance in Algiers (1938). Her MGM films include Lady of the Tropics (1939), Boom Town (1940), H.M. Pulham, Esq. (1941), and White Cargo (1942). Her greatest success was as Delilah in Cecil B.... more on Wikipedia
    • Age: Dec. at 86 (1914-2000)
    • Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
  • Marie Curie
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Marie Skłodowska Curie ( KEWR-ee, French: [kyʁi], Polish: [kʲiˈri]; born Maria Salomea Skłodowska; 7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win the Nobel prize twice, and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields. She was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris. She was born in Warsaw, in what was... more on Wikipedia
    • Age: Dec. at 67 (1867-1934)
    • Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic
  • Ada Lovelace
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (née Byron; 10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852) was an English mathematician and writer, chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. She was the first to recognise that the machine had applications beyond pure calculation, and published the first algorithm intended to be carried out by such a machine. As a result, she is sometimes regarded as the first to recognise the full potential of a "computing machine" and one of the first computer programmers.Lovelace was the only legitimate child of poet Lord Byron and his wife Lady Byron. All of Byron's other children were born out of... more on Wikipedia
    • Age: Dec. at 37 (1815-1852)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom