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The Greatest Impressionist Artists

Updated June 14, 2019 11.3k votes 3.0k voters 369.6k views91 items

This list of famous Impressionism artists features images, bios, and information about their notable works. Art fans will also enjoy craziest facts about Van Gogh and weirdest quirks of historical artists. All the greatest artists associated with the Impressionism movement are included here, along with clickable names for more details on that particular painter or sculptor. These notable Impressionism period artists are organized by popularity, so the best artists are at the top of the list. If you think the best Impressionism artist isn't as high as they should be then be sure to give them an upvote, as your votes can change the rankings! You can rank all of these famous impressionists and artists, from Vincent van Gogh to Claude Monet.

Famous Impressionist artists - unsurprisingly - created famous Impressionist paintings, many of which are among the most notable works of art from any period in history. From French Impressionist painters (the movement originated in Paris during the 19th century) to Impressionists artists of other nationalities, these wonderful artists brought the world a unique style of painting. Works of the Impressionist period are characterized by small, yet visible brush strokes; open composition; an emphasis on accurate depiction of light and its changing qualities, ordinary subject matter, depictions of movement, and unusual visual angles.

So, now that you can spot impressionism, who was an Impressionist painter? Who are the most famous Impressionism artists? Who are the best Impressionism artists? Almost every well-known or influential figure in this movement is listed below. You're able to copy this list to build your own just like it, re-rank it to fit your views, then publish it to share it on Facebook, Twitter, or any other social networks where your artsy friends will marvel at your handiwork and opinions on this great art movement.

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  • Claude Monet is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Greatest Impressionist Artists
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Oscar-Claude Monet (; French: [klod mɔnɛ]; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter, a founder of French Impressionist painting and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting. The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris.Monet's ambition of documenting the French countryside led him to adopt a method of painting the same scene... more on Wikipedia
    • Artworks: Water Lilies, The Japanese Footbridge and the Water Lily Pool, Giverny, Impression, Sunrise
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
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  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Greatest Impressionist Artists
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (; French: [pjɛʁ oɡyst ʁənwaʁ]; 25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition which runs directly from Rubens to Watteau."He was the father of actor Pierre Renoir (1885–1952), filmmaker Jean Renoir (1894–1979) and ceramic artist Claude Renoir (1901–1969). He was the grandfather of the filmmaker Claude Renoir (1913–1993), son of Pierre.... more on Wikipedia
    • Artworks: Bal du moulin de la Galette, Pont Neuf, Paris, By the Seashore, The Canoeist's Luncheon
    • Birthplace: Limoges, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
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  • Vincent van Gogh is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Greatest Impressionist Artists
    Photo: Vincent van Gogh / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain
    Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch: [ˈvɪnsɛnt ˈʋɪləm vɑŋ ˈɣɔx] (listen); 30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Dutch post-impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of which date from the last two years of his life. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits and self-portraits, and are characterised by bold colours and dramatic, impulsive and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art. He was not commercially successful, and his suicide at 37 came after years of mental illness and poverty. Born into an... more on Wikipedia
    • Artworks: The Starry Night, The Potato Eaters, Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers, Portrait of Adeline Ravoux, Portrait of Dr. Gachet (First Version)
    • Birthplace: Zundert, Netherlands
    • Associated periods or movements: Post-Impressionism
    • Nationality: Netherlands
    • Art Forms: Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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  • Edgar Degas is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Greatest Impressionist Artists
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Edgar Degas (US: or UK: ; born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas, French: [ilɛːʁ ʒɛʁmɛ̃ ɛdɡaʁ də ɡɑ]; 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. Regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, he rejected the term, preferring to be called a realist. He was a superb draftsman, and particularly masterly in depicting movement, as can be seen in his rendition of dancers, racecourse subjects and female nudes. His portraits are notable for their psychological complexity and for their portrayal of human isolation.At the beginning of... more on Wikipedia
    • Artworks: Little Dancer of Fourteen Years, Ballet Rehearsal, Arabesque, Young Spartans Exercising, Interior
    • Birthplace: France, Paris
    • Associated periods or movements: Impressionism, Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting, Drawing
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