Famous Inmates at Alcatraz 

Alfred E. Neuman
Updated September 18, 2019 78.5k views 31 items

List Rules Only notable prisoners at Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary

Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary is a prison located on Alcatraz Island off the coast of San Francisco. Alcatraz operated from 1934 through 1963 and during that time they had several famous prisoners. Alcatraz had 36 inmates make escape attempts, none of which were successful.

Who is the most famous inmate at Alcatraz? Notorious gangster Al Capone tops our list. Capone spent four-and-a-half years at Alcatraz and continued to run his illegal operations behind bars by buying off the prison guards. Mafia man Mickey Cohen also spent time at Alcatraz and became partially paralyzed by another inmate who beat him with a pipe.

Frank Lee Morris was an Alcatraz inmate who attempted to escape in 1962. He escaped along with brothers John and Clarence Anglin and was never seen again. Authorities presume that Morris died in the attempt. Another famous Alcatraz inmate Ellsworth “Bumpy” Johnson, the American mob boss and bookmaker, claims that he arranged for a boat to pick up the escapees, but authorities dismissed his comments as an attempt to receive a plea deal.

Al Capone is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Inmates at Alcatraz
Photo:  Wikimedia Commons (CC-BY)
Probably the most famous Alcatraz inmate, Capone was one of the most ruthless gang bosses of the early 20th century who was finally arrested on charges of tax evasion. He was moved to Alcatraz in 1934, but by that time syphilis was eroding his brain at an alarming rate. 

Age: Dec. at 48 (1899-1947)

Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America

Cause Of Death: Pneumonia, Stroke

More Al Capone 

Al Capone's Childhood Was The Stuff Of American Myth #313 of 2,444 The Most Influential People of All Time #21 of 30 The 30 Biggest Badasses In History

Mickey Cohen is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Inmates at Alcatraz
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/GNU Free Documentation License
After working for various crime lords across the country, Mickey Cohen returned to his home in California where he helped set up various gambling operations and became known as one of the most men on the sunset strip. In 1961 Cohen was convicted of tax evasion for the second time and he sent to Alcatraz where he became the only inmate to ever be bailed out of The Rock. 

Age: Dec. at 63 (1913-1976)

Birthplace: New York City, New York

Cause Of Death: Natural causes, Stomach cancer

More Mickey Cohen 

#7 of 9 9 Utterly Bizarre Facts About Famous Gangsters #76 of 97 Jewish American Mobsters and Organized Crime Figures

Frank Morris is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Inmates at Alcatraz
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/Public domain
Frank Morris was a life long criminal who was one of the only men to escape from Alcatraz. Along with his co-conspirators, he constructed fake heads, and dug a tunnel to the outside where they escaped using a rudimentary life raft. To this day no one knows his whereabouts

Age: 92

Birthplace: Washington, D.C.

Clarence Carnes is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Inmates at Alcatraz
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/Fair use
Clarence Carnes
Known as The Chocktaw Kid, Carnes was the youngest inmate sentenced to Alcatraz. In 1945, he and five other inmates participated in a failed attempt to escape from Alcatraz which turned into the bloody "Battle of Alcatraz" where three inmates and two prison officers died. After the attempt he was tried for murder along with the two other survivors and found guilty for participating in the plot. 

Age: Dec. at 61 (1927-1988)

Birthplace: Daisy, Oklahoma

Cause Of Death: AIDS