READ Famous Mathematicians from France

Reference
25.7k views 302 items

List of notable or famous mathematicians from France, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in France and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from France is included when available.

List people include Benoit Mandelbrot, Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet and many more.

This historic mathematicians from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from France?" These prominent mathematicians of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned French mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (302 items)

1
René Descartes is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 54 (1596-1650) René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the father of modern philosophy, and much subsequent ...more

2
Blaise Pascal is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 39 (1623-1662) Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's ...more

3
Benoit Mandelbrot is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 86 (1924-2010) Benoit B. Mandelbrot was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician, noted for developing a "theory of roughness" and "self-similarity" in nature and the field of ...more

4
Évariste Galois is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 21 (1811-1832) Évariste Galois was a French mathematician born in Bourg-la-Reine. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable ...more

5
Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de... is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 51 (1743-1794) Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet, known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in ...more

6
Pierre de Fermat is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 64 (1601-1665) Pierre de Fermat was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and a mathematician who is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his ...more

7
Joseph Fourier is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 62 (1768-1830) Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier was a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their applications to problems of heat ...more

8
François Arago is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 67 (1786-1853) Dominique François Jean Arago, known simply as François Arago, was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.

9
Émilie du Châtelet is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 43 (1706-1749) Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet was a French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment. Her achievement is considered to ...more

10
Jacques Dixmier is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Jacques Dixmier age 94 Jacques Dixmier is a French mathematician. He worked on operator algebras, and wrote several of the standard reference books on them, and introduced the Dixmier trace and the Dixmier mapping. He ...more

11
David Ruelle is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
David Ruelle age 82 David Pierre Ruelle is a Belgian-French mathematical physicist. He has worked on statistical physics and dynamical systems. With Floris Takens he coined the term strange attractor, and founded a ...more

12
Jean le Rond d'Alembert is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 66 (1717-1783) Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert was a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music theorist. Until 1759 he was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the ...more

13
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 73 (1749-1822) Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre was a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author of well-known books on the history of astronomy from ...more

14
Paul Painlevé is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 70 (1863-1933) Paul Painlevé was a French mathematician and statesman. He served twice as Prime Minister of the Third Republic: 12 September – 13 November 1917 and 17 April – 22 November 1925. His entry ...more

15
Marin Mersenne is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 60 (1588-1648) Marin Mersenne, Marin Mersennus or le Père Mersenne was a French theologian, philosopher, mathematician and music theorist, often referred to as the "father of acoustics". ...more

16
Augustin-Louis Cauchy is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 68 (1789-1857) Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician reputed as a pioneer of analysis. He was one of the first to state and prove theorems of calculus rigorously, rejecting the heuristic ...more

17
Gaston Julia is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 85 (1893-1978) Gaston Maurice Julia was a French mathematician who devised the formula for the Julia set. His works were popularized by French mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot; the Julia and Mandelbrot fractals ...more

18
Sophie Germain is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 55 (1776-1831) Marie-Sophie Germain was a French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. Despite initial opposition from her parents and difficulties presented by society, she gained education from books in ...more

19
Gaspard Monge is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 72 (1746-1818) Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse was a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry, and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the ...more

20
Michel Philippot is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 71 (1925-1996) Michel Paul Philippot was a French composer, mathematician, acoustician, musicologist, aesthetician, broadcaster, and educator.

21
Théodore Reinach is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 68 (1860-1928) Théodore Reinach was a French archaeologist, mathematician, lawyer, papyrologist, philologist, epigrapher, historian, numismatist, musicologist, professor, and politician. Educated at the ...more

22
Pierre-Simon Laplace is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 78 (1749-1827) Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace was an influential French scholar whose work was important to the development of mathematics, statistics, physics, and astronomy. He summarized and extended the ...more

23
Gersonides is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 56 (1288-1344) Levi ben Gershon, better known by his Latinised name as Gersonides or the abbreviation of first letters as RaLBaG, was a philosopher, Talmudist, mathematician and astronomer/astrologer. He was ...more

24
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte d... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 81 (1707-1788) Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author. His works influenced the next two generations of naturalists, including ...more

25
Urbain Le Verrier is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 66 (1811-1877) Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier was a French mathematician who specialized in celestial mechanics and is best known for predicting the existence and position of Neptune using only mathematics. The ...more

26
Joseph-Louis Lagrange is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 77 (1736-1813) Joseph-Louis Lagrange was an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer. He made significant contributions to the fields of analysis, number theory, and both classical and celestial ...more

27
Claude Chevalley is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 75 (1909-1984) Claude Chevalley was a French mathematician who made important contributions to number theory, algebraic geometry, class field theory, finite group theory, and the theory of algebraic groups. He ...more

28
Anselme Payen is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 76 (1795-1871) Anselme Payen was a French chemist known for discovering the enzyme diastase, and the carbohydrate cellulose.

29
Laurent Schwartz is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 87 (1915-2002) Laurent-Moïse Schwartz was a French mathematician. He pioneered the theory of distributions, which gives a well-defined meaning to objects such as the Dirac delta function. He was awarded ...more

30
Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 51 (1792-1843) Gustave de Coriolis was a French mathematician, mechanical engineer and scientist. He is best known for his work on the supplementary forces that are detected in a rotating frame of reference. ...more

31
Maurice Block is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 85 (1816-1901) Maurice Block; 18 February 1816 – 9 January 1901 was a German-French statistician and economist. Block was born in Berlin of Jewish parents. He studied at the University of Bonn and the ...more

32
Jean-Baptiste Biot is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 88 (1774-1862) Jean-Baptiste Biot was a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied the polarization of light. Biot also ...more

33
Jean-Charles de Borda is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 66 (1733-1799) Jean-Charles, chevalier de Borda was a French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor.

34
Henri Poincaré is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 58 (1854-1912) Jules Henri Poincaré was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and a philosopher of science. He is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as The Last ...more

35
Antoine Augustin Cournot is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 76 (1801-1877) Antoine Augustin Cournot was a French philosopher and mathematician who also contributed to the development of economics theory.

36
André Weil is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 92 (1906-1998) André Weil was an influential French mathematician of the 20th century, known for his foundational work in number theory and algebraic geometry. He was a founding member and the de facto ...more

37
Jacques Roubaud is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
age 85 Jacques Roubaud is a French poet and mathematician. Jacques Roubaud is a professor of poetry at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland, and he was a professor of Mathematics at ...more

38
Jean-Baptiste Pérès is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 88 (1752-1840) Jean-Baptiste Pérès was a French physicist best known for his 1827 pamphlet Grand Erratum, a polemical satire, translated into many European languages, that attempted "in the ...more

39
Jacques Hadamard is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 98 (1865-1963) Jacques Salomon Hadamard ForMemRS was a French mathematician who made major contributions in number theory, complex function theory, differential geometry and partial differential equations.

40
Charles Hermite is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 79 (1822-1901) Charles Hermite was a French mathematician who did research on number theory, quadratic forms, invariant theory, orthogonal polynomials, elliptic functions, and algebra. Hermite polynomials, ...more

41
Joseph Nicollet is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 57 (1786-1843) Joseph Nicolas Nicollet, also known as Jean-Nicolas Nicollet, was a French geographer, astronomer, and mathematician known for mapping the Upper Mississippi River basin during the 1830s. ...more

42
Jean-Christophe Yoccoz is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
age 60 Jean-Christophe Yoccoz is a French mathematician. He was awarded a Fields Medal in 1994, for his work on dynamical systems.

43
Alexander Grothendieck is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
age 90 Alexander Grothendieck was a German-born French mathematician who became the leading figure in the creation of modern algebraic geometry. His research multiplied the scope of the field and added ...more

44
Émile Borel is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 85 (1871-1956) Félix Édouard Justin Émile Borel was a French mathematician and politician. As a mathematician, he was known for his founding work in the areas of measure theory and

45
Jean-Baptiste Morin is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 73 (1583-1656) Jean-Baptiste Morin, also known by the Latinized name as Morinus, was a French mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer.

46
André Lichnerowicz is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 83 (1915-1998) André Lichnerowicz was a noted French differential geometer and mathematical physicist of Polish descent.

47
Bernard le Bovier de Fontenell... is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 100 (1657-1757) Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, also called Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle, was a French author. Isaiah Berlin said Fontenelle "was the most civilized man of his time, and indeed of most ...more

48
Henri Lebesgue is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 66 (1875-1941) Henri Léon Lebesgue ForMemRS was a French mathematician most famous for his theory of integration, which was a generalization of the 17th century concept of integration—summing the area ...more

49
Nicole Oresme is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 62 (1320-1382) Nicole Oresme, also known as Nicolas Oresme, Nicholas Oresme, or Nicolas d'Oresme, was a significant philosopher of the later Middle Ages. He wrote influential works on economics, mathematics, ...more

50
Ismaël Bullialdus is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Died at 89 (1605-1694) Ismaël Bullialdus was a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books, and was an active member of the Republic of Letters, a scholarly ...more