READ Famous Mathematicians from France

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List of notable or famous mathematicians from France, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in France and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from France is included when available.

List people include Benoit Mandelbrot, Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet and many more.

This historic mathematicians from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from France?" These prominent mathematicians of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned French mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (302 items)
René Descartes is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the father of modern philosophy, and much subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day. In particular, his Meditations on First Philosophy continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments. Descartes' influence in mathematics is equally apparent; the Cartesian coordinate system — allowing reference to a point in space as a set of numbers, and allowing algebraic equations to be expressed as geometric shapes in a two-dimensional coordinate system — was named after him. He is credited ...more

Age: Died at 54 (1596-1650)

Birthplace: Descartes, Indre-et-Loire, France

Also Ranked

#73 on The Most Influential People of All Time

#16 on The Best French Authors

#35 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

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Blaise Pascal is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
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Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defense of the scientific method. In 1642, while still a teenager, he started some pioneering work on calculating machines. After three years of effort and fifty prototypes, he built 20 finished machines over the following ten years, establishing him as one of the first two ...more

Age: Died at 39 (1623-1662)

Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, France

Also Ranked

#11 on The Best Catholic Authors

#43 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

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Benoit Mandelbrot is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
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Benoit B. Mandelbrot was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician, noted for developing a "theory of roughness" and "self-similarity" in nature and the field of fractal geometry to help prove it, which included coining the word "fractal". He later discovered the Mandelbrot set of intricate, never-ending fractal shapes, named in his honor. In 1936, while he was a child, Mandelbrot's family migrated to France. After World War II ended, Mandelbrot studied mathematics, graduating from universities in Paris and the United States and receiving a master's degree in aeronautics from the California Institute of Technology. He spent most of his career in both the United States and France, ...more

Age: Died at 86 (1924-2010)

Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic

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Évariste Galois is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
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Évariste Galois was a French mathematician born in Bourg-la-Reine. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals, thereby solving a 350 years-standing problem. His work laid the foundations for Galois theory and group theory, two major branches of abstract algebra, and the subfield of Galois connections. He died at age 20 from wounds suffered in a duel. ...more

Age: Died at 21 (1811-1832)

Birthplace: Bourg-la-Reine, France

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