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Famous Mathematicians from France

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List of notable or famous mathematicians from France, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in France and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from France is included when available.

List people include Benoit Mandelbrot, Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet and many more.

This historic mathematicians from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from France?" These prominent mathematicians of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned French mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (302 items)
1
René Descartes is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 54 (1596-1650)
René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the father of modern philosophy, and much subsequent ...more
2
Blaise Pascal is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 39 (1623-1662)
Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's ...more
3
Benoit Mandelbrot is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 86 (1924-2010)
Benoit B. Mandelbrot was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician, noted for developing a "theory of roughness" and "self-similarity" in nature and the field of ...more
4
Évariste Galois is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 21 (1811-1832)
Évariste Galois was a French mathematician born in Bourg-la-Reine. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable ...more
5
Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de... is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 51 (1743-1794)
Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet, known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in ...more
6
Pierre de Fermat is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 64 (1601-1665)
Pierre de Fermat was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and a mathematician who is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his ...more
7
Joseph Fourier is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 62 (1768-1830)
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier was a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their applications to problems of heat ...more
8
François Arago is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 67 (1786-1853)
Dominique François Jean Arago, known simply as François Arago, was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.
9
Émilie du Châtelet is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 43 (1706-1749)
Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet was a French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment. Her achievement is considered to ...more
10
Jacques Dixmier is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Jacques Dixmier age 95
Jacques Dixmier is a French mathematician. He worked on operator algebras, and wrote several of the standard reference books on them, and introduced the Dixmier trace and the Dixmier mapping. He ...more
11
David Ruelle is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
David Ruelle age 83
David Pierre Ruelle is a Belgian-French mathematical physicist. He has worked on statistical physics and dynamical systems. With Floris Takens he coined the term strange attractor, and founded a ...more
12
Jean le Rond d'Alembert is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 66 (1717-1783)
Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert was a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music theorist. Until 1759 he was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the ...more
13
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 73 (1749-1822)
Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre was a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author of well-known books on the history of astronomy from ...more
14
Paul Painlevé is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 70 (1863-1933)
Paul Painlevé was a French mathematician and statesman. He served twice as Prime Minister of the Third Republic: 12 September – 13 November 1917 and 17 April – 22 November 1925. His entry ...more
15
Marin Mersenne is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 60 (1588-1648)
Marin Mersenne, Marin Mersennus or le Père Mersenne was a French theologian, philosopher, mathematician and music theorist, often referred to as the "father of acoustics". ...more
16
Augustin-Louis Cauchy is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 68 (1789-1857)
Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician reputed as a pioneer of analysis. He was one of the first to state and prove theorems of calculus rigorously, rejecting the heuristic ...more
17
Gaston Julia is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 85 (1893-1978)
Gaston Maurice Julia was a French mathematician who devised the formula for the Julia set. His works were popularized by French mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot; the Julia and Mandelbrot fractals ...more
18
Sophie Germain is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 55 (1776-1831)
Marie-Sophie Germain was a French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. Despite initial opposition from her parents and difficulties presented by society, she gained education from books in ...more
19
Gaspard Monge is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 72 (1746-1818)
Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse was a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry, and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the ...more
20
Michel Philippot is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 71 (1925-1996)
Michel Paul Philippot was a French composer, mathematician, acoustician, musicologist, aesthetician, broadcaster, and educator.
21
Théodore Reinach is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 68 (1860-1928)
Théodore Reinach was a French archaeologist, mathematician, lawyer, papyrologist, philologist, epigrapher, historian, numismatist, musicologist, professor, and politician. Educated at the ...more
22
Pierre-Simon Laplace is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 78 (1749-1827)
Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace was an influential French scholar whose work was important to the development of mathematics, statistics, physics, and astronomy. He summarized and extended the ...more
23
Gersonides is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 56 (1288-1344)
Levi ben Gershon, better known by his Latinised name as Gersonides or the abbreviation of first letters as RaLBaG, was a philosopher, Talmudist, mathematician and astronomer/astrologer. He was ...more
24
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte d... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 81 (1707-1788)
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author. His works influenced the next two generations of naturalists, including ...more
25
Urbain Le Verrier is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 66 (1811-1877)
Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier was a French mathematician who specialized in celestial mechanics and is best known for predicting the existence and position of Neptune using only mathematics. The ...more