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Famous Mathematicians from France

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Updated June 14, 2019 31.2k views 302 items

List of notable or famous mathematicians from France, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in France and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from France is included when available.

List people include Benoit Mandelbrot, Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet and many more.

This historic mathematicians from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from France?" These prominent mathematicians of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned French mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (302 items)
1
René Descartes is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 54 (1596-1650)

Birthplace: Descartes, Indre-et-Loire, France

René Descartes ( day-KART, also UK: DAY-kart, French: [ʁəne dekaʁt] (listen); Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: Cartesian ; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French ...more

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2
Blaise Pascal is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 39 (1623-1662)

Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, France

Blaise Pascal ( pa-SKAL, also UK: -⁠SKAHL, PASK-əl, -⁠al, US: pah-SKAHL, French: [blɛz paskal]; 19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and ...more

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3
Benoit Mandelbrot is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 86 (1924-2010)

Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic

Benoit B.  Mandelbrot  (20 November 1924 – 14 October 2010) was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician and polymath with broad interests in the practical sciences, especially regarding ...more
4
Évariste Galois ... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 21 (1811-1832)

Birthplace: Bourg-la-Reine, France

Évariste Galois (; French: [evaʁist ɡalwa]; 25 October 1811 – 31 May 1832) was a French mathematician and political activist. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a ...more
5
Nicolas de Caritat, marq... is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 51 (1743-1794)

Birthplace: Ribemont, France

Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis of Condorcet (French: [maʁi ʒɑ̃n‿ɑ̃twan nikola də kaʁita kɔ̃dɔʁsɛ]; 17 September 1743 – 29 March 1794), known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French ...more
6
Pierre de Fermat is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 64 (1601-1665)

Birthplace: Beaumont-de-Lomagne, France

Pierre de Fermat (French: [pjɛːʁ də fɛʁma]) (between 31 October and 6 December 1607 – 12 January 1665) was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and a mathematician who is given ...more
7
Joseph Fourier is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 62 (1768-1830)

Birthplace: Auxerre, France

Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (; French: [fuʁje]; 21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830) was a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier ...more
8
François Arago is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 67 (1786-1853)

Birthplace: Estagel, France

Dominique François Jean Arago (Catalan: Domènec Francesc Joan Aragó), known simply as François Arago (French: [fʁɑ̃swa aʁaɡo]; Catalan: Francesc Aragó, IPA: ...more
9
Émilie du Ch&acir... is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 43 (1706-1749)

Birthplace: Paris, France

Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet (French pronunciation: [emili dy ʃɑtlɛ] (listen); 17 December 1706 – 10 September 1749) was a French natural ...more
10
Jacques Dixmier is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Jacques Dixmier Age: 95

Birthplace: Saint-Étienne, France

Jacques Dixmier is a French mathematician. He worked on operator algebras, and wrote several of the standard reference books on them, and introduced the Dixmier trace and the Dixmier mapping. He ...more
11
David Ruelle is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
David Ruelle Age: 83

Birthplace: Ghent, Belgium

David Pierre Ruelle is a Belgian-French mathematical physicist. He has worked on statistical physics and dynamical systems. With Floris Takens he coined the term strange attractor, and founded a ...more
12
Jean le Rond d'Alembert ... is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 66 (1717-1783)

Birthplace: Paris, France

Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert (; French: [ʒɑ̃ batist lə ʁɔ̃ dalɑ̃bɛːʁ]; 16 November 1717 – 29 October 1783) was a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music ...more
13
Jean Baptiste Joseph Del... is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 73 (1749-1822)

Birthplace: Amiens, France

Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre (19 September 1749 – 19 August 1822) was a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author of well-known ...more
14
Paul Painlevé is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 70 (1863-1933)

Birthplace: Paris, France

Paul Painlevé (French: [pɔl pɛ̃ləve]; 5 December 1863 – 29 October 1933) was a French mathematician and statesman. He served twice as Prime Minister of the Third Republic: 12 September – ...more
15
Marin Mersenne is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 60 (1588-1648)

Birthplace: Oizé, France

Marin Mersenne, Marin Mersennus or le Père Mersenne (French: [mɛʀsɛn]; 8 September 1588 – 1 September 1648) was a French polymath, whose works touched a wide variety of fields. He is ...more
16
Augustin-Louis Cauchy is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 68 (1789-1857)

Birthplace: Paris, France

Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy (; French: [oɡystɛ̃ lwi koʃi]; 21 August 1789 – 23 May 1857) was a French mathematician, engineer, and physicist who made pioneering contributions to several branches ...more
17
Gaston Julia is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 85 (1893-1978)

Birthplace: Sidi Bel Abbès, Algeria

Gaston Maurice Julia (3 February 1893 – 19 March 1978) was a French mathematician who devised the formula for the Julia set. His works were popularized by French mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot; ...more
18
Sophie Germain is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 55 (1776-1831)

Birthplace: Paris, France

Marie-Sophie Germain (French: [maʁi sɔfi ʒɛʁmɛ̃]; 1 April 1776 – 27 June 1831) was a French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. Despite initial opposition from her parents and ...more
19
Gaspard Monge is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 72 (1746-1818)

Birthplace: Beaune, France

Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse (9 May 1746 – 28 July 1818) was a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry (the mathematical basis of technical drawing), and the father ...more
20
Michel Philippot is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 71 (1925-1996)

Birthplace: Verzy, France

Michel Paul Philippot (2 February 1925 – 28 July 1996) was a French composer, mathematician, acoustician, musicologist, aesthetician, broadcaster, and educator.
21
Théodore Reinach ... is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 68 (1860-1928)

Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France

Théodore Reinach (July 3, 1860 – October 28, 1928) was a French archaeologist, mathematician, lawyer, papyrologist, philologist, epigrapher, historian, numismatist, musicologist, ...more
22
Pierre-Simon Laplace is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 78 (1749-1827)

Birthplace: Beaumont-en-Auge, France

Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace (; French: [pjɛʁ simɔ̃ laplas]; 23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827) was a French scholar whose work was important to the development of engineering, mathematics, ...more
23
Gersonides is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 56 (1288-1344)

Birthplace: Bagnols-sur-Cèze, France

Levi ben Gershon (1288–1344), better known by his Graecized name as Gersonides, or by his Latinized name Magister Leo Hebraeus, or in Hebrew by the abbreviation of first letters as RaLBaG, was a ...more
24
Georges-Louis Leclerc, C... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 81 (1707-1788)

Birthplace: Montbard, France

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɔʁʒ lwi ləklɛʁ kɔ̃t də byfɔ̃]; 7 September 1707 – 16 April 1788) was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and ...more
25
Urbain Le Verrier is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Mathematicians from France
Dec. at 66 (1811-1877)

Birthplace: Saint-Lô, France

Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier FRS (FOR) HFRSE (French: [yʁbɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ ʒɔzɛf lə vɛʁje]; 11 March 1811 – 23 September 1877) was a French astronomer and mathematician who specialized in celestial ...more