READ Famous Mathematicians from Germany

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List of notable or famous mathematicians from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in Germany and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from Germany is included when available.

These people, like Albert Einstein and Charles Proteus Steinmetz include images when available.

This historic mathematicians from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from Germany?" These prominent mathematicians of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned German mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (394 items)

1
Albert Einstein is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Albert Einstein Died at 76 (1879-1955) Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the ...more

2
Nicolaus Copernicus is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Nicolaus Copernicus Died at 70 (1473-1543) Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model ...more

3
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz Died at 70 (1646-1716) Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz ...more

4
Johannes Kepler is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Johannes Kepler Died at 59 (1571-1630) Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his ...more

5
Charles Proteus Steinmetz is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Charles Proteus Steinmetz Died at 58 (1865-1923) Charles Proteus Steinmetz was a German-born American mathematician and electrical engineer. He fostered the development of alternating current that made possible the expansion of the electric ...more

6
Carl Friedrich Gauss is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Carl Friedrich Gauss Died at 78 (1777-1855) Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, ...more

7
Gottlob Frege is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Gottlob Frege Died at 77 (1848-1925) Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege was a German mathematician, logician and philosopher. He is considered to be one of the founders of modern logic and made major contributions to the foundations of ...more

8
David Rittenhouse is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
David Rittenhouse Died at 64 (1732-1796) David Rittenhouse was a renowned American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American ...more

9
Hermann von Reichenau is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Hermann von Reichenau Died at 41 (1013-1054) Hermann of Reichenau, also called Hermannus Contractus or Hermannus Augiensis or Herman the Cripple, was an 11th-century scholar, composer, music theorist, mathematician, and astronomer. He ...more

10
Robert Zimmer is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Robert Zimmer age 70 Robert Jeffrey Zimmer is an American mathematician and academic administrator. He is the 13th president of the University of Chicago and serves as Chair of the Board for Argonne National Lab, ...more

11
Georg Cantor is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Georg Cantor Died at 73 (1845-1918) Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor was a German mathematician, best known as the inventor of set theory, which has become a fundamental theory in mathematics. Cantor established the ...more

12
Bruno Augenstein is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Bruno Augenstein Died at 82 (1923-2005) Bruno Wilhelm Augenstein was a German-born mathematician and physicist who made important contributions in space technology, ballistic missile research, satellites, antimatter, and many other

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13
Emmy Noether is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Emmy Noether Died at 53 (1882-1935) Emmy Noether was an influential German mathematician known for her contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. She was described by Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean ...more

14
Bernhard Riemann is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Bernhard Riemann Died at 40 (1826-1866) Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was an influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later ...more

15
Hermann Weyl is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Hermann Weyl Died at 70 (1885-1955) Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl, ForMemRS was a German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher. Although much of his working life was spent in Zürich, Switzerland and then Princeton, ...more

16
Gunter Sachs is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Gunter Sachs Died at 79 (1932-2011) Fritz Gunter Sachs was a German photographer, author, industrialist, and latterly head of an institute that researched claims of astrology. As a young man he became a sportsman, then gained ...more

17
Mileva Marić is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Mileva Marić Died at 73 (1875-1948) Mileva Marić was a Serbian physicist. She was the only woman among Albert Einstein's fellow students at the Zurich Polytechnic. They developed a relationship and had a daughter before their ...more

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18
Richard Dedekind is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Richard Dedekind Died at 85 (1831-1916) Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind was a German mathematician who made important contributions to abstract algebra, algebraic number theory and the foundations of the real numbers.

19
Karl Weierstrass is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Karl Weierstrass Died at 82 (1815-1897) Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass was a German mathematician often cited as the "father of modern analysis". Despite leaving university without a degree, he studied mathematics and ...more

20
David Hilbert is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
David Hilbert Died at 81 (1862-1943) David Hilbert was a German mathematician. He is recognized as one of the most influential and universal mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Hilbert discovered and developed a ...more

21
Martin Kreuzer is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Martin Kreuzer age 56 Martin Kreuzer, is a German Grandmaster of Correspondence Chess and a Mathematics professor. Kreuzer did his graduate studies in Mathematics at the University of Regensburg, located on the ...more

22
L. E. J. Brouwer is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
L. E. J. Brouwer Died at 85 (1881-1966) Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer ForMemRS, usually cited as L. E. J. Brouwer but known to his friends as Bertus, was a Dutch mathematician and philosopher, a graduate of the University of Amsterdam, ...more

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23
Arthur Schuster is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Arthur Schuster Died at 83 (1851-1934) Sir Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster FRS FRSE was a German-born British physicist known for his work in spectroscopy, electrochemistry, optics, X-radiography and the application of harmonic ...more

24
Regiomontanus is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Regiomontanus Died at 40 (1436-1476) Johannes Müller von Königsberg, today best known by the Latin epithet Regiomontanus, was a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, translator, instrument maker and Catholic ...more

25
Julius Plücker is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Julius Plücker Died at 67 (1801-1868) Julius Plücker was a German mathematician and physicist. He made fundamental contributions to the field of analytical geometry and was a pioneer in the investigations of cathode rays that ...more

26
Emil Artin is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Emil Artin Died at 64 (1898-1962) Emil Artin was an Austrian-American mathematician.

27
Max Newman is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Max Newman Died at 87 (1897-1984) Maxwell Herman Alexander "Max" Newman, FRS was a British mathematician and codebreaker. His work in World War II led to the construction of Colossus, the first operational electronic ...more

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Abraham Robinson is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Abraham Robinson Died at 56 (1918-1974) Abraham Robinson was a mathematician who is most widely known for development of non-standard analysis, a mathematically rigorous system whereby infinitesimal and infinite numbers were ...more

29
Georg Joachim Rheticus is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Georg Joachim Rheticus Died at 60 (1514-1574) Georg Joachim de Porris, also known as Rheticus, was a mathematician, cartographer, navigational-instrument maker, medical practitioner, and teacher. He is perhaps best known for his ...more

30
Laurent Schwartz is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Laurent Schwartz Died at 87 (1915-2002) Laurent-Moïse Schwartz was a French mathematician. He pioneered the theory of distributions, which gives a well-defined meaning to objects such as the Dirac delta function. He was awarded ...more

31
Maurice Block is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Maurice Block Died at 85 (1816-1901) Maurice Block; 18 February 1816 – 9 January 1901 was a German-French statistician and economist. Block was born in Berlin of Jewish parents. He studied at the University of Bonn and the ...more

32
Johann Heinrich Lambert is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Johann Heinrich Lambert Died at 49 (1728-1777) Johann Heinrich Lambert was a Swiss polymath who made important contributions to the subjects of mathematics, physics, philosophy, astronomy and map projections.

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33
Hans Heilbronn is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Hans Heilbronn Died at 67 (1908-1975) Hans Arnold Heilbronn FRS was a mathematician.

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Georg von Peuerbach is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Georg von Peuerbach Died at 38 (1423-1461) Georg von Peuerbach was an Austrian astronomer, mathematician and instrument maker, best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic Astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum.

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Gaspar Schott is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Gaspar Schott Died at 58 (1608-1666) Gaspar Schott was a German Jesuit and scientist, specializing in the fields of physics, mathematics and natural philosophy, and known for his industry.

36
Nicholas Kratzer is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Nicholas Kratzer Died at 63 (1487-1550) Nicholas Kratzer was a German mathematician, astronomer, and horologist. Much of Kratzer's professional life was spent in England, where he was appointed as astronomer to King Henry VIII.

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Felix Klein is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Felix Klein Died at 76 (1849-1925) Christian Felix Klein was a German mathematician and mathematics educator, known for his work in group theory, complex analysis, non-Euclidean geometry, and on the connections between geometry ...more

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38
Peter Andreas Hansen is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Peter Andreas Hansen Died at 79 (1795-1874) Peter Andreas Hansen was a German astronomer.

39
Carl David Tolmé Runge is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Carl David Tolmé Runge Died at 71 (1856-1927) Carl David Tolmé Runge was a German mathematician, physicist, and spectroscopist. He was co-developer and co-eponym of the Runge–Kutta method, in the field of what is today known as ...more

40
Andreas von Ettingshausen is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Andreas von Ettingshausen Died at 82 (1796-1878) Andreas Freiherr von Ettingshausen was a German mathematician and physicist. Ettingshausen studied philosophy and jurisprudence in Vienna. In 1817, he joined the University of Vienna and taught ...more

41
Bernhard Neumann is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Bernhard Neumann Died at 93 (1909-2002) Bernhard Hermann Neumann AC FRS was a German-born British-Australian mathematician who was one of the leading figures in group theory, greatly influencing the direction of the subject.

42
Friedrich Bessel is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Friedrich Bessel Died at 62 (1784-1846) Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel was a German astronomer, mathematician. He was the first astronomer who determined reliable values for the distance from the sun to another star by the method of ...more

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Friedrich Hirzebruch is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Friedrich Hirzebruch Died at 85 (1927-2012) Friedrich Ernst Peter Hirzebruch ForMemRS was a German mathematician, working in the fields of topology, complex manifolds and algebraic geometry, and a leading figure in his generation. He has ...more

44
Jacob Theodor Klein is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Jacob Theodor Klein Died at 74 (1685-1759) Jacob Theodor Klein was a Royal Prussian jurist, historian, botanist, zoologist, mathematician and diplomat in service of Polish King August II the Strong.

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Eberhard Hopf is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Eberhard Hopf Died at 81 (1902-1983) Eberhard Frederich Ferdinand Hopf was a mathematician and astronomer, one of the founding fathers of ergodic theory and a pioneer of bifurcation theory who also made significant contributions to ...more

46
Petrus Apianus is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Petrus Apianus Died at 57 (1495-1552) Petrus Apianus, also known as Peter Apian, was a German humanist, known for his works in mathematics, astronomy and cartography. The lunar crater Apianus and minor planet 19139 Apian are named ...more

47
Elwin Bruno Christoffel is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Elwin Bruno Christoffel Died at 71 (1829-1900) Elwin Bruno Christoffel was a German mathematician and physicist.

48
Hans Freudenthal is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Hans Freudenthal Died at 85 (1905-1990) Hans Freudenthal was a Dutch mathematician. He made substantial contributions to algebraic topology and also took an interest in literature, philosophy, history and mathematics education.

49
Christian Ludwig Gerling is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Christian Ludwig Gerling Died at 76 (1788-1864) Christian Ludwig Gerling studied under Carl Friedrich Gauss, obtaining his doctorate in 1812 for a thesis entitled: Methodi proiectionis orthographicae usum ad calculos parallacticos ...more

50
Richard Brauer is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Mathematicians from Germany
Richard Brauer Died at 76 (1901-1977) Richard Dagobert Brauer was a leading German and American mathematician. He worked mainly in abstract algebra, but made important contributions to number theory. He was the founder of modular ...more