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Famous Mathematicians from India

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List of notable or famous mathematicians from India, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in India and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to India. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Indian mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from India is included when available.

This list below has a variety of people in it, from Srinivasa Ramanujan to Narendra Karmarkar.

This historic mathematicians from India list can help answer the questions "Who are some Indian mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from India?" These prominent mathematicians of India may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Indian mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned Indian mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
1
A. M. Mathai is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
age 83
Arakaparampil Mathai Mathai [A. M. Mathai] is an Indian mathematician who has worked in Statistics, Applied Analysis, Applications of special functions and Astrophysics. Mathai established the ...more
2
Acharya Hemachandra is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 83 (1089-1172)
Acharya Hemachandra was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title ...more
3
Anand Kumar is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
age 46
Anand Kumar is an Indian mathematician and a columnist for various national and international mathematical journals and magazines. He is best known for his Super 30 programme, which he started ...more
4
Aryabhata is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 74 (476-550)
Aryabhata or Aryabhata I was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya and the ...more
5
Bhāskara II is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 71 (1114-1185)
Bhāskara, was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. He was born in Bijapur in modern Karnataka. Bhāskara and his works represent a significant contribution to mathematical and astronomical ...more
6
Bhāskara I is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Bhāskara I Dec. at 80 (600-680)
Bhāskara was a 7th-century Indian mathematician, who was apparently the first to write numbers in the Hindu decimal system with a circle for the zero, and who gave a unique and remarkable ...more
7
C. R. Rao is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
age 98
Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, FRS known as C R Rao is an Indian-born, naturalized American, mathematician and statistician. He is currently professor emeritus at Penn State University and ...more
8
D. D. Kosambi is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
D. D. Kosambi Dec. at 59 (1907-1966)
Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi was an Indian mathematician, statistician, historian and polymath who contributed to genetics by introducing Kosambi's map function. He is well known for his work in ...more
9
Fathullah Shirazi is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Fathullah Shirazi, sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, ...more
10
Harish-Chandra is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 60 (1923-1983)
Harish-Chandra FRS was an Indian American mathematician and physicist who did fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.
11
Jyeṣṭhadeva is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 75 (1500-1575)
Jyeṣṭhadeva was an astronomer-mathematician of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics founded by Sangamagrama Madhava. He is best known as the author of Yuktibhāṣā, a commentary in ...more
12
K. C. Sreedharan Pillai is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 65 (1920-1985)
K C Sreedharan Pillai was an Indian statistician who was known for his works on multivariate analysis and probability distributions. Pillai studied at the University of Travancore in Trivandrum. ...more
13
K. G. Ramanathan is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 72 (1920-1992)
Kollagunta Gopalaiyer Ramanathan was an Indian mathematician known for his work in number theory. His contributions are also to the general development of mathematical research and teaching in
14
K. S. S. Nambooripad is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
K. S. S. Nambooripad age 83
K.S.S.Nambooripad is an Indian mathematician who has made fundamental contributions to the structure theory of regular semigroups. Nambooripad was also instrumental in popularising the TeX ...more
15
Kannan Soundararajan is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Kannan Soundararajan is a mathematician and a professor of mathematics at Stanford University. Before moving to Stanford in 2006, he was a faculty member at University of Michigan where he ...more
16
Lalla is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Lalla Dec. at 70 (720-790)
Lalla was an Indian mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who belonged to a family of astronomers. Lalla was the son of Trivikrama Bhatta and the grandson of Śâmba, and he lived in ...more
17
Madhava of Sangamagrama is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 75 (1350-1425)
Madhava of Sangamagrama, was an Indian mathematician-astronomer from the town of Sangamagrama, Kerala, India. He is considered the founder of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics. He ...more
18
Mahan Mj is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Mahan Mj age 52
Mahan Mj, also known as Mahan Maharaj and Swami Vidyanathananda, is an Indian mathematician and a recipient of the 2011 Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in Mathematical Sciences.
19
Manindra Agrawal is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
age 52
Manindra Agrawal is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and the Dean of Faculty Affairs at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He was also the recipient of ...more
20
Narendra Karmarkar is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
age 62
Narendra Krishna Karmarkar is an Indian mathematician, who developed Karmarkar's algorithm. He is listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.
21
Nilakantha Somayaji is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Nilakantha Somayaji Dec. at 100 (1444-1544)
Kelallur Nilakantha Somayaji was a major mathematician and astronomer of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics. One of his most influential works was the comprehensive astronomical ...more
22
Parameshvara is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 45 (1380-1425)
Vatasseri Parameshvara Nambudiri was a major Indian mathematician and astronomer of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics founded by Madhava of Sangamagrama. He was also an astrologer. ...more
23
Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 64 (1912-1976)
Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar, commonly addressed as P. L. Bhatnagar, was an Indian mathematician known for his contribution to the Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook operator used in Lattice Boltzmann methods.
24
Raj Chandra Bose is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Dec. at 86 (1901-1987)
Raj Chandra Bose was an Indian American mathematician and statistician best known for his work in design theory and the theory of error-correcting codes in which the class of BCH codes is partly ...more
25
Ramaiyengar Sridharan is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Mathematicians from India
Ramaiyengar Sridharan
Ramaiyengar Sridharan is a mathematician at Chennai Mathematical Institute, formerly at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. He was born in Cuddalore in the year 1935 and he obtained his ...more