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Famous Mathematicians from India

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List of notable or famous mathematicians from India, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in India and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to India. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Indian mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from India is included when available.

This list below has a variety of people in it, from Srinivasa Ramanujan to Narendra Karmarkar.

This historic mathematicians from India list can help answer the questions "Who are some Indian mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from India?" These prominent mathematicians of India may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Indian mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned Indian mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
  • 1

    BirthplacePalai, India

    Arakaparampil Mathai "Arak" Mathai (born 1935) is an Indian mathematician who has worked in Statistics, Applied Analysis, Applications of special functions and Astrophysics. Mathai established the...  more
  • 2

    Acharya Hemachandra

    Dec. at 83 (1089-1172)

    BirthplaceDhandhuka, India

    Acharya Hemachandra was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title...  more
  • 3

    BirthplacePatna district, Eurasia, Bihar, India, Patna

    Anand Kumar (born 1 January 1973) is an Indian educator and a mathematician best known for his Super 30 programme, which he started in Patna, Bihar in 2002, and which coaches underprivileged...  more
  • 4


    Dec. at 74 (476-550)


    Aryabhata (Sanskrit: आर्यभट, IAST: Āryabhaṭa) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His...  more
  • 5

    Bhāskara II

    Dec. at 71 (1114-1185)

    BirthplaceBijapur, India

    Bhāskara also known as Bhāskarāchārya ("Bhāskara, the teacher"), and as Bhaskara II to avoid confusion with Bhāskara I (1114–1185), was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. He was born in Bijapur...  more
  • 6

    Bhāskara I

    Dec. at 80 (600-680)

    BirthplaceParbhani district, India

    Bhāskara (c. 600 – c. 680) (commonly called Bhaskara I to avoid confusion with the 12th-century mathematician Bhāskara II) was a 7th-century mathematician, who was the first to write numbers in the...  more
  • 7

    C. R. Rao

    Age: 100

    BirthplaceHoovina Hadagali, India

    Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, FRS known as C R Rao (born 10 September 1920) is an Indian-American mathematician and statistician. He is currently professor emeritus at Pennsylvania State University...  more
  • 8

    D. D. Kosambi

    Dec. at 59 (1907-1966)

    BirthplaceGoa, India

    Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi (31 July 1907 – 29 June 1966) was an Indian mathematician, statistician, philologist, historian and polymath who contributed to genetics by introducing Kosambi map...  more
  • 9
    Fathullah Shirazi (c. 1582), sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician,...  more
  • 10


    Dec. at 60 (1923-1983)

    BirthplaceKanpur, India

    Harish-Chandra FRS (11 October 1923 – 16 October 1983) was an Indian American mathematician and physicist who did fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple...  more
  • 11


    Dec. at 75 (1500-1575)
    Jyeṣṭhadeva (Malayalam: ജ്യേഷ്ഠദേവന്) (c. 1500 – c. 1575) was an astronomer-mathematician of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics founded by Madhava of Sangamagrama (c. 1350 – c. 1425). He...  more
  • 12

    K. C. Sreedharan Pillai

    Dec. at 65 (1920-1985)

    BirthplaceKingdom of Travancore, India

    K C Sreedharan Pillai (1920–1985) was an Indian statistician who was known for his works on multivariate analysis and probability distributions. Pillai studied at the University of Travancore in...  more
  • 13

    K. G. Ramanathan

    Dec. at 72 (1920-1992)


    Kollagunta Gopalaiyer Ramanathan (13 November 1920 – 10 May 1992) was an Indian mathematician known for his work in number theory. His contributions are also to the general development of...  more
  • 14

    K. S. S. Nambooripad

    Age: 85

    BirthplaceKochi, India

    K. S. S. Nambooripad (born 6 April 1935) is an Indian mathematician who has made fundamental contributions to the structure theory of regular semigroups. Nambooripad was also instrumental in...  more
  • 15
    Kannan Soundararajan (born December 27, 1973) is a mathematician and a professor of mathematics at Stanford University. Before moving to Stanford in 2006, he was a faculty member at University of...  more
  • 16


    Dec. at 70 (720-790)
    Lalla (c. 720–790 CE) was an Indian mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who belonged to a family of astronomers. Lalla was the son of Trivikrama Bhatta and the grandson of Śâmba, and he lived...  more
  • 17

    Madhava of Sangamagrama

    Dec. at 75 (1350-1425)

    BirthplaceKerala, India

    Mādhava (c. 1340 – c. 1425) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer from the town believed to be present-day Aloor, Irinjalakuda in Thrissur District, Kerala, India. He is considered the founder...  more
  • 18

    Mahan Mj

    Age: 53


    Mahan Mj, also known as Mahan Maharaj and Swami Vidyanathananda, is an Indian mathematician and a recipient of the 2011 Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in Mathematical Sciences....  more
  • 19

    BirthplaceAllahabad, India

    Manindra Agrawal (born 20 May 1966) is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and the Deputy Director at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He was also the...  more
  • 20

    BirthplaceGwalior, India

    Narendra Krishna Karmarkar (born 1955) is an Indian mathematician. Karmarkar developed Karmarkar's algorithm. He is listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.He invented one of the first provably...  more
  • 21

    Nilakantha Somayaji

    Dec. at 100 (1444-1544)


    Kelallur Nilakantha Somayaji (also referred to as Kelallur Comatiri; 14 June 1444 – 1544) was a major mathematician and astronomer of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics in India. One of...  more
  • 22


    Dec. at 45 (1380-1425)


    Kottessori Parameshvara Kundisori (c. 1380–1460) was a major Indian mathematician and astronomer of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics founded by Madhava of Sangamagrama. He was also an...  more
  • 23

    Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar

    Dec. at 64 (1912-1976)

    BirthplaceKota, India

    Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar (8 August 1912 – 5 October 1976), commonly addressed as P. L. Bhatnagar, was an Indian mathematician known for his contribution to the Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook operator used in...  more
  • 24

    Raj Chandra Bose

    Dec. at 86 (1901-1987)

    BirthplaceKolkata, India

    Raj Chandra Bose (19 June 1901 – 31 October 1987) was an Indian American mathematician and statistician best known for his work in design theory, finite geometry and the theory of error-correcting...  more
  • 25

    Ramaiyengar Sridharan

    Ramaiyengar Sridharan is a mathematician at Chennai Mathematical Institute, formerly at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). ...  more