Famous Mathematicians from Iran

List of notable or famous mathematicians from Iran, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in Iran and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to Iran. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Iranian mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from Iran is included when available.

People here include everything from Vahid Tarokh to Maryam Mirzakhani.

This historic mathematicians from Iran list can help answer the questions "Who are some Iranian mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from Iran?" These prominent mathematicians of Iran may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Iranian mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned Iranian mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
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  • Abū al-Wafāʾ, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn Ismāʿīl ibn al-ʿAbbās al-Būzjānī or Abū al-Wafā Būzhjānī (Persian: ابوالوفا بوزجانی or بوژگانی‎) (10 June 940 – 15 July 998) was a Persian mathematician and astronomer who worked in Baghdad. He made important innovations in spherical trigonometry, and his work on arithmetics for businessmen contains the first instance of using negative numbers in a medieval Islamic text. He is also credited with compiling the tables of sines and tangents at 15 ' intervals. He also introduced the secant and cosecant functions, as well studied the interrelations between the six trigonometric lines associated with an arc. His Almagest was widely read by ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 58 (940-998)
    • Birthplace: Buzhgan, Iran
  • Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn Khidr Khojandi (known as Abu Mahmood Khojandi, Alkhujandi or al-Khujandi, Persian: ابومحمود خجندی, c. 940 - 1000) was a Central Asian astronomer and mathematician who lived in the late 10th century and helped build an observatory, near the city of Ray (near today's Tehran), in Iran. He was born in Khujand; a bronze bust of the astronomer is present in a park in modern-day Khujand, now part of Tajikistan.
    • Age: Dec. at 60 (940-1000)
    • Birthplace: Khujand, Tajikistan
  • Ahmad bin Musa
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain

    Ahmad bin Musa

    • Age: Dec. at 68 (805-873)
  • Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr al-Farghānī. (800/805-870) also known as Alfraganus in the West, was an astronomer in the Abbasid court in Baghdad, and one of the most famous astronomers in the 9th century. The lunar crater Alfraganus is named after him.
    • Birthplace: Fergana, Uzbekistan
  • Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Nahawandi (Persian: احمد نهاوندى‎) was a Persian astronomer of the 8th and 9th centuries. His name indicates that he was from Nahavand, a city in Iran. He lived and worked at the Academy of Gundishapur, in Khuzestan, Iran, at the time of Yahya ibn Khalid ibn Barmak, who died in 803 AD, where he is reported to have been making astronomical observations around the year 800AD. He and Mashallah ibn Athari were among the earliest Islamic era astronomers who flourished during the reign of al-Mansur, the second Abbasid Caliph. He also compiled tables called the comprehensive (Mushtamil).
  • Abu Zayd Ahmed ibn Sahl Balkhi (Persian: ابو زید احمد بن سهل بلخی‎) was a Persian Muslim polymath: a geographer, mathematician, physician, psychologist and scientist. Born in 850 CE in Shamistiyan, in the province of Balkh, Khorasan (in modern-day Afghanistan), he was a disciple of al-Kindi. He was also the founder the "Balkhī school" of terrestrial mapping in Baghdad.
    • Age: Dec. at 84 (850-934)
    • Birthplace: Balkh, Afghanistan