A list of famous medieval pirates throughout the middle-age history of piracy, with lots of pictures and images. The most famous medieval pirate may be William Kyd, but when it comes to middle-age maritime piracy there are plenty of other real pirates. Pirate history is as old as boats themselves, but in the middle-ages the pirates we think of today were just getting started. Pirates have long been the scourge of merchants, as well as that of medieval England, France, and Spain. Many of them can be found on this list of the most famous medieval pirates throughout the middle-age history of piracy.